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研究生:林月霞
研究生(外文):Lin, Yueh-Hsia
論文名稱:主動人格特質、訓練遷移氣候與訓練遷移關係之研究:以訓練遷移動機為中介變項
論文名稱(外文):The Relationship of Proactive Personality, Training Transfer Climate, and Training Transfer: Motivation to Training Transfer as Mediating Variable
指導教授:黃佳純黃佳純引用關係王湧泉王湧泉引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄應用科技大學
系所名稱:人力資源發展系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:120
中文關鍵詞:訓練遷移主動人格特質訓練遷移氣候訓練遷移動機
外文關鍵詞:training transferproactive personalitytraining transfer climatetraining transfer motivation
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面臨新世紀的挑戰,如何維持組織績效及永續發展為企業所賴以生存的最高原則,各企業莫不致力於追求最有效率的訓練方案,以提高組織與成員的競爭力及生產力,教育訓練的目的是為了要提升員工的知識、技能與能力,所著重的是員工透過訓練之後是否能將所學應用於工作中,也就是所謂的訓練遷移成效,然而組織大部分的訓練所學均未能有效地遷移至工作上,因此,本研究以訓練遷移動機為中介變項,探討訓練遷移氣候與主動人格特質對訓練遷移的影響。
本研究以高科技產業、金融業、服務業、電信業、鋼鐵業、政府機關等行業之員工為研究對象,採問卷調查法,將蒐集到的資料分別以描述性統計分析、效度分析、信度分析、t檢定、單因子變異數分析、Pearson積差相關分析、複迴歸分析、中介分析等統計方式來驗證本研究之假設,結果發現:
一、主動人格特質對訓練遷移之「工作技能應用」、「人際溝通」、「內化認知」有顯著正向影響。
二、訓練遷移氣候之「回饋與績效教導」對訓練遷移之「人際溝通」、「內化認知」有顯著正向影響。
三、訓練遷移氣候之「同儕支持」、「樂於或反對改變」及「個人正向結果」對訓練遷移之「工作技能應用」、「人際溝通」、「內化認知」有顯著正向影響。
四、訓練遷移氣候之「主管支持」對訓練遷移之「工作技能應用」、「人際溝通」有顯著正向影響。
五、訓練遷移動機對訓練遷移之「工作技能應用」、「人際溝通」、「內化認知」有顯著正向影響。
六、主動人格特質對訓練遷移動機有顯著正向影響。
七、訓練遷移氣候之「回饋與績效教導」、「主管支持」、「同儕支持」「樂於或反對改變」及「個人正向結果」對訓練遷移動機有顯著正向影響。
八、訓練遷移動機對於「訓練遷移氣候與訓練遷移」及「主動人格特質與訓練遷移」間具有部分中介效果。




關鍵詞:訓練遷移、主動人格特質、訓練遷移氣候、訓練遷移動機
Abstract
As the external environment becomes increasingly competitive, maintaining organizational performance and sustainable development, therefore, becomes the top surviving principal of the corporations. Corporations are striving for pursuing the most effective training program to increase organization and employees’ competition and productivity. The goal of training is to increase employees’ knowledge, skills and capabilities, and focus on the application to the work, which is termed training transfer effects. However, most trainees don’t transfer the training effectively to the work, hence this study takes training transfer motivation as a mediating variable to explore the impact of training transfer climate and proactive personality on training transfer.

This study, via questionnaire survey, analyzed the collected data by statistical method and examined hypotheses. The research findings are as below:
1.Proactive personality has significant and positive influence on working skill application, intercommunication and internalized perception of training transfer.
2.The feedback/performance of training transfer climate has significant and positive influence on intercommunication and internalized perception of training transfer.
3.Peer support, resistance/openness to change, and personal outcomes positive of training transfer climate have significant and positive influence on working skill application, intercommunication and internalized perception of training transfer.
4.Supervisor support of training transfer climate has significant and positive influence on working skill application and intercommunication of training transfer.
5.Training transfer motivation has significant and positive influence on working skill application, intercommunication and internalized perception of training transfer.
6.Proactive personality has significant and positive influence on training transfer motivation.
7.Feedback/performance, supervisor support, peer support, resistance/openness to change, and personal outcomes positive of training transfer climate have significant and positive influence on training transfer motivation.
8.Training transfer motivation has partial mediating effect on the relationship between training transfer climate and training transfer, and proactive personality and training transfer.

Keywords: training transfer, proactive personality, training transfer climate, training transfer motivation
目 錄
第壹章 緒論……………………………………………………………… 1
第一節 研究背景與動機………………………………………………… 1
第二節 研究目的………………………………………………………… 4
第三節 研究流程………………………………………………………… 5
第貳章 文獻探討………………………………………………………… 6
第一節 訓練遷移………………………………………………………… 6
第二節 主動人格特質……………………………………………………24
第三節 訓練遷移氣候……………………………………………………30
第四節 訓練遷移動機……………………………………………………41
第五節 主動人格特質、訓練遷移氣候、訓練遷移動機與訓練遷移之關係……………………………………………………………48
第參章 研究方法…………………………………………………………52
第一節 研究架構…………………………………………………………52
第二節 研究假設…………………………………………………………53
第三節 研究變項之操作性定義及研究工具……………………………54
第四節 研究對象…………………………………………………………57
第五節 資料分析方法……………………………………………………58
第六節 各研究構面之因素分析與信度檢定……………………………61
第肆章 研究分析與結果…………………………………………………69
第一節 樣本基本資料分析………………………………………………69
第二節 相關分析…………………………………………………………71
第三節 迴歸分析…………………………………………………………75
第四節 中介分析…………………………………………………………81
第五節 差異性分析………………………………………………………85
第伍章 結論與建議………………………………………………………90
第一節 研究結論…………………………………………………………90
第二節 建議………………………………………………………………98

參考文獻 …………………………………………………………………102
中文部分 …………………………………………………………………102
英文部分 …………………………………………………………………104
附錄 ………………………………………………………………………118
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