(52.201.27.211) 您好!臺灣時間:2019/03/23 21:36
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
本論文永久網址: 
line
研究生:李宗穎
研究生(外文):Jong-In Lee
論文名稱:工作狂傾向對團隊績效之影響-以信任與合作為中介變數工作狂傾向對團隊績效之影響-以信任與合作為中介變數
論文名稱(外文):The Effect of Workaholism on Team Performance-The Mediating Effects of Trust and Cooperation
指導教授:董玉娟董玉娟引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄應用科技大學
系所名稱:人力資源發展系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:127
中文關鍵詞:工作狂傾向團隊信任合作團隊績效工作狂變數績效團隊
外文關鍵詞:Workaholismteamtrustcooperationteam performance
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:737
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
隨著科技的進步、新興國家崛起、經濟全球化...等等因素,使得企業間的競爭愈演愈烈,這種競爭不僅發生在組織之間,也進一步迫使個人為提昇自己的競爭力,而更加投入於工作中,換言之,工作狂傾向將隨著競爭而日益強烈,因此在學術界中,工作狂之相關研究亦有日益漸增之趨勢;然而,工作狂在後果上之實證研究僅侷限於個人層次,針對工作狂為團體或組織造成之影響的研究則相對缺乏,但卻有不少學者認為工作狂確實會對團體造成影響,因此,為補足此一研究缺口,本研究以團體層次為分析單位,探討工作狂傾向為團隊所帶來之影響,此為首要研究目的;另外,過去研究在探討信任與團隊績效關係之研究中,其直接關係之實證結果有所差異,其原因可能是未將信任分成不同構面加以討論,然而,不同的信任構面卻會對團隊產出有不同影響,為補足此一研究缺口,本研究將成員間信任分成認知為基礎信任及情感為基礎信任,以探究其與團隊績效間之關係,此為次要研究目的。
本研究以團隊績效研究中廣泛使用的理論架構-「輸入-過程-產出」(input-process-output)模型為研究架構,探討工作狂傾向對團隊所帶來之影響,試圖探討工作狂傾向對於信任、團隊合作及團隊績效三者的影響,並探討信任在工作狂傾向與團隊合作間的中介角色、信任在工作狂傾向與團隊績效間的中介角色以及團隊合作在工作狂傾向與團隊績效間的中介角色。
本研究共收集了50個有效團隊樣本,並以層級迴歸分析及逐步迴歸分析法驗證假設;研究結果如下:
1. 工作狂傾向中的樂在工作構面對信任有顯著正向影響。
2. 工作狂傾向中的樂在工作構面對團隊合作中的團隊溝通及團隊協調有顯著正向影響。
3. 工作狂傾向中的樂在工作構面對團隊績效有顯著正向影響。
4. 樂在工作構面會透過情感為基礎信任影響團隊溝通與團隊協調
5. 樂在工作構面會透過認知為基礎信任影響團隊績效
6. 樂在工作構面會透過團隊溝通與團隊協調影響團隊績效
7. 情感為基礎構面對團隊合作有顯著正向影響
8. 認知為基礎信任對團隊績效有顯著正向影響
9. 團隊溝通與團隊協調對團隊績效有顯著正向影響
Due to the technology advancement, the rise of developing countries, and economy globalization, the competition among organizations becomes stronger and stronger. This competition not only breaks out between enterprises, but also makes employees put more and more involvement in working to survive in workplaces. In other words, as the competition becomes stronger, the trend of workaholism will rise. As a result, researches about workaholism are rising too. However, researches about the consequences of workaholism are almost focus on individual level. Moreover, researches about effects of workaholism on group or organization are relatively less, but some researchers declare that workaholics will influence groups or organizations. To make up this research deficiency, the primary goal of this research is to investigate the effect of workaholism on team based on the group level. In addition, conclusions of past researches that investigate the direct relationship between trust and team performance were not all in coincidence. The reason may be that these researches did not divide trust into different dimensions. To make up the research deficiency, the secondary goal of this research is to divide trust into affect-based and cognition-based dimensions and investigate the effects of these dimensions on team performance.

This research used the I-P-O(input-process-output) model as theoretical structure to investigate effects of workaholism on trust, cooperation, and team performance. Besides, this research also investigated the mediating effects on the relationship of trust and cooperation.

This research collected a valid sample of 50 teams and conducted a series of hierarchical regression/stepwise regression to test our hypothesis. The main results of this study were:
1. Work enjoyment dimension of workaholism has significantly positive effect on trust.
2. Work enjoyment dimension of workaholism has significantly positive effects both on team communication and team coordination dimensions of cooperation.
3. Work enjoyment dimension of workaholism has significantly positive effect on team performance.
4. Affect-based trust mediates the relationship between work enjoyment and team communication. Besides, affect-based trust mediates the relationship between work enjoyment and team coordination too.
5. Cognition-based trust mediates the relationship between work enjoyment and team performance.
6. Team communication and team coordination mediate the relationship between work enjoyment and team performance.
7. Affect-based trust has significantly positive effect on cooperation.
8. Cognition-based trust has significantly positive effect on team performance.
9. Team communication and team coordination have significantly positive effect on team performance.
目錄
摘要 II
ABSTRACT III
目錄 V
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 IX
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第三節 研究流程 4
第貳章 文獻探討 5
第一節 工作狂 5
第二節 團隊 20
第三節 信任 36
第四節 團隊合作 42
第五節 團隊績效 51
第参章 研究方法 59
第一節 研究架構與假設 59
第二節 研究變項之操作型定義與衡量 60
第三節 研究對象與樣本分析 66
第三節 資料分析方法 70
第四節 信度與效度分析 73
第肆章 實證分析 76
第一節 團隊資料內部一致性檢定 76
第二節 相關分析 77
第三節 差異分析 79
第四節 迴歸分析 84
第五節 研究驗證結果 96
第伍章 結論與建議 100
第一節 研究結論 100
第二節 實務之意涵與建議 105
第三節 後續研究建議 107
參考文獻 109
中文部份 109
英文部分 110
附錄-本研究問卷 124
參考文獻
中文部份
王建忠(2001)。團隊領導與團隊效能:團隊內互動的中介效果。國立台灣大學心理學研究所碩士論文,未出版。
王昭雄(2005)。信任模式對顧客忠誠度影響之研究—以直銷業為例。國立中山大學企業管理學研究所博士論文,未出版。
玉井智子(2001)。團隊組織特徵、運作過程、團隊績效之關係研究-台日學生之差異比較。國立中山大學企業管理學系研究所碩士論文,未出版。
何金銘(2006)。統計分析方法。台南:台灣復文興業股份有限公司。
李弘暉、鍾麗英(1999)。團隊運作過程對團隊績效之影響之研究。人力資源學報,11,1-18。
林威志(2006)。應徵者印象管理戰術對面試官評量之效應:以面試官正向與負向情感特質為干擾變數。國立台北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所碩士論文,未出版。
林財丁、林瑞發譯,Stephen P . Robbins著(2006)。組織行為。台北:滄海書局。
林鉦棽、彭台光(2006)。多層次管理研究:分析層次的概念、理論和方法。管理學報,23(6),649-675。
林震岩(2007)。多變量分析:SPSS的操作與應用。台北:智勝文化。
邱家彥(2005)。轉換型領導、團隊異質性及團隊衝突與團隊學習關係之探討:團隊行為整合之中介角色。國立中山大學人力資源管理研究所碩士論文,未出版。
邱淑妙(2005)。團隊人格特質、轉換型領導與團隊效能之關係探討:團隊凝聚力之中介角色。國立中山大學人力資源管理研究所碩士論文,未出版。
邱皓政(2003)。量化研究與統計分析。台北:五南。
邱皓政(2007)。量化研究與統計分析 SPSS中文視窗版資料分析範例解析(第三版)。台北:五南。
孫本初、呂育誠(1996)。從分析單元論團隊的意義及其對公共管理之影響。政治大學學報,73,145-177。
張春興(1996)。現代心理學。台北:東華出版社。
許道然(2001)。公共部門組織信任與組織公民行為關係之研究。國立政治大學公共行政學系研究所博士論文,未出版。
郭若蘭(2003)。影響高科技研發人員過度工作因素及工作類型之探討。政治大學心理學研究所碩士論文,未出版。
陳俊義(2004)。工作環境知覺、工作動機、工作滿意與工作狂傾向關聯性之研究。國防管理學院資源管理研究所碩士論文,未出版。
陳順宇(2000)。迴歸分析。台北:華泰書局。
黃河川(2002)。企業工作委外程度之影響因素分析-以國內生物科技廠商為例。國立成功大學工業管理研究所碩文,未出版。
黃家齊、王思峰(2001)。知識轉換能力組合與創新-知識螺旋理論的團隊層次驗證。國科會委託研究計畫結案報告。
黃敏萍(2000)。跨功能任務團隊之結構與效能—任務特性與社會系絡之影響。國立台灣大學商學研究所博士論文,未出版。
葉勇助(2001)。信任在網絡(雙方)統制結構的角色。元智大學資訊社會學研究所碩士論文,未出版。
董玉娟 (2000)。工作-家庭衝突 組織社會化對離開現職傾向影響之研究:以台商派駐大陸已婚員工為例。國立中山大學企業管理學系研究所博士論文,未出版。
劉鈞慈(2000)。程序公平、組織承諾、信任與組織公民行關係之研究─以我國產物保險產業為例。銘傳大學管理科學研究所碩士論文,未出版。
蔡維奇、紀乃文(2008)。團隊情感氛圍形成的前因、情境調節及個人層次後果變項之研究。組織與管理,1,1-37。
蘇蕙君(2006)。專業人員工作狂傾向之研究-以高科技產業工程師為例。中山大學人力資源管理研究所碩士論文,未出版。

英文部分
Adler, N. J. (1991). International dimensions of organizational behavior. Boston: Kent Publishing.
Ainger, A., Kaura, R. & Ennals, R. (1995). Executive guide to business success though human-centered systems. New York: Springer.
Allport, G. W. (1961). Pattern and Growth in Personality. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston..
AMERICAN PSYCHIATRIC ASSOCIATION (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.) (DSM-IV). Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association..
Anderson, J.C. & Narus, J.A. (1990). A model of distributor firm an dmanufacturer firm working partnership. Journal of Marketing., 1,42-58.
Anderson,E. & Weitz,B. (1989). Determinants of Continuity in Conventional Industrial Channel Dyads. Marketing Science,.8(4), 310-323.
Argyle, M. (1991). Cooperation: The basis of sociability. New York: Routledge.
Bandura, A. (1986). Social Foundations of Thought & Action. NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Barnard, C. (1938). The functions of the executive. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Baron, R., & Kenny, D. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1173-1182.


Barrick, M.R., Stewart, G.L., Neubert, M. J. and Mount M.K. (1998). Relating Member Ability and Personality to Work-Team Processes and Team Effectiveness. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83(3), 377-391.
Barsade, S. G. (2002). The ripple effect: Emotional contagion and its influence on group behavior. Administrative Science Quarterly, 47, 644–675.
Barsade, S. G., & Gibson, D. E., (1998). Group emotion: A view form top and bottom, In D. Greenfield, E. Mannix, & M. Neale (Eds.), Research on Managing Groups and Teams (pp.81-102), Stamford, CT: JAI Press.
Bartel, C.A. & Saavedra, R. (2000). The Collective Construction of Work Group Moods. Administrative Science Quarterly, 45, 197-231.
Bateman, T. S., & Organ, D. W. (1983). Job satisfactions and the good soldier: The relationship between affect and employee citizenship. Academyof Management Journal, 26, 587–595.
Beckers, Debby G.J. MA; van der Linden, Dimitri PhD; Smulders, Peter G.W. PhD; Kompier, Michiel A.J. PhD; van Veldhoven, Marc J.P.M. PhD; van Yperen, Nico W. PhD. (2004). Working overtime hours: relations with fatigue, work motivation, and the quality of work. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, 46(12): 1282-1289.
Belsley, D. A., E. Kuh, and E. Welsch. (1980). Regression Diagnostics: Identifying Influential Data and Sourecs of Collinearity. New York: Whley.
Bonebright, C. A. (2001). The relationship of workaholism with stress, burnout, and productivity. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Iowa
Bonebright, C. A., Clay, D. L., & Ankenmann, R. D. (2000). The relationship of workaholism with work-life conflict, life satisfaction, and purpose in life. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 47, 469-477.
Bowden, C. L.,(1993) Bipolar disorder and creativity. In M. P. Shaw & M.A. Runco (eds). Creativity and affect, Norwood, NJ: Ablex,.
Bower, G. H. (1981). Mood and memory. American Psychologist, 36, 129–148.
Bradshaw, J.(1998). Bradshaw on: The Family . Deerfield Beach, FL:Health Communications.
Brodbeck. F. C. 1994. Iniensive kommunikation lohnt sich fuer SEl' rojekte. F. C. Brodbeck. M. Fre.se. eds. Prrnlithtivitaet und Qualitaet in Software-Projekten. R. Oldenburg Verlag. Muenchen.Wien 51-67
Burke, R. J. (1999). Workaholism among women managers: Work and life satisfactions and psychological well-being. Equal Opportunities International, 18(7) ,25-35.
Burke, R. J. (2000a). Workaholism and extra-work satisfactions. The international Journal of Organizational Analysis, 7(4), 352-364.
Burke, R. J. (2000b). Workaholism in organizations: Concepts, results, and future directions. International Journal of Management Review, 2(1), 1-19.
Burke, R. J. (2001a).Workaholism in organizations: The role of organizational values. Personnel Review, 30(6), 637-645.
Burke, R. J. (2001b). Workaholism components, job satisfaction, and career progress. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 31, 2339-2356
Burke, R. J. Matthiesen, S.B. & Pallesin, S. (2006). Workaholism, organizational life and wellbeing of Norwegian nursing staff. Career Development International, 11(5), 463-477.
Burke, R. J., Koksal, H. (2002). Workaholism among a sample of Turkish managers and professionals: An exploratory study. Psychological Reports, 91, 60-68.
Burke, R.J. (1999). Workaholism in organizations: measurement validation and replication. International Journal of Stress Management, 6, 45-56
Byers, P. H.., Raven, L. M., Hill, J. D., & Robyak, J. E.(1990). Enhancing the self-esteem of inpatient alcoholics. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 11, 337-346
Byrne, D. E. (1971). The attraction paradigm. New York: Academic Press
Byrne, J. (1993). The horizontal corporation. Business Week,: 76-81.
Campion, M. A., Medsker, G. A., & Higgs, A. C. (1993). Relations between work group characteristics & effectiveness: implication for designing effective work group. Personnel Psychology, 46(4), 823-850.

Cantarow, E. (1979). Women workaholics. Mother Jones, 6, 56.
Chen, C. C., Chen, X. P., & Meindl, J. R. (1998). How can cooperation be fostered? The cultural effects of individualism-collectivism. Academy of Management Review, 23, 285-304.
Cherrington, D. J. (1980). The work ethic. New York: American Management Association
Clark, L. A. (1993). Manual for the Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press
Cohen, S. G. & Bailey, D. E. (1997). What makes teams work: Group effectiveness research from the shop floor to the executive suite. Journal of Management, 23(3), .239-290.
Cohen, S. G.,& Ledford, G. E. (1994). The effectiveness of self-managing teams:A quasi-experiment. Human Relations, 47, 13-43.


Costa, A. C. (2003). Work team trust and effectiveness. Personnel Review, 32(5), 605-622.
Davenport, S., Davies, J. & Grimes, C. (1999). Collaborative Research Programmes:Building Trust from Difference. Technovation, 19(1), 31-40.
Deutsch, M. (1949a). A theory of cooperation and competition. Human Relations, 2, 129-152.
Deutsch, M. (1949b). An experimental study of the effects of cooperation and competition upon group process. Human Relations, 2, 199-232.
Dirks, K. T. (1999). The effects of interpersonal trust on work group performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 84(3), 445-455.
Dirks, K. T., & Ferrin, D. L. (2001). The role of trust in organizational settings. Organization Science, 12, 450-467.
Domsch. M. E., T. J. Gerpott. (1995). Fuchrung in forschung und entwicklung.A. Kieser. ed. Handwoetterbuch der Fuehrung (2 Au-JIage). Schaeffer-Poeschel. Stuttgart, Germany, 369-380.
Doney, P. M. and J. P. Cannon (1997). An Examination of the Nature of Trust in Buyer-Seller Relationships. Journal of Marketing, 61(2), 35-51.
Dunn, J. R., & Schweitzer, M. E. (2005). Feeling and believing: The influence of emotion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88, 736-748.
Eisenberger, R., Armeli, S., Rexwinkel, B., Lynch, P. D., & Rhoades, L. (2001). Reciprocation of perceived organizational support. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86, 42–51.
Elder, E.D. and Spence, J.T.(n.p.).Workaholism in the business world: work addiction versus work-enthusiasm in MBAs. Unpublished manuscript. Department of Psychology, Universuty of Texas at Austin.
Ersoy-Kart, M. (2005). Reliability and validity of the workaholism Battery(WORK-BAT): Turkish from. Social Behavior and Personality, 33, 609-618.
Eysenck, H. J. (1997). Addiction, personality, and motivation. Human Psychopharmacology, 12, 79-87.
Fassel, D. (1990). Working ourselves to death: The high costs of workaholism, the rewards of recovery. Sand Francisco: Harper Collins.
Feldman, D. C. (2002). Managers’ propensity to work longer hours A multilevel analysis. Human Resource Management Review, 12, 339-357.

Flowers, C., Robinson, B. (2002). A structural and discriminant analysis of the Work Addiction Risk Test. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 62(3), 517-526.
Forgas, J. P. 1992. Affect in social judgments and decisions: A multi-process model. In M. P. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology, vol. 25: 227—275. San Diego: Academic Press.
Forgas, J. P.,(2002). Feeling and doing: Affective influences on interpersonal behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 13 (1), 1-28.
Friedilander, F. (1970). The primacy of trust as a facilitator of further group accomplishment. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 6, 387—400.
Frost, R. O., & Marten, P. A. (1990). Perfectionism and evaluative threat. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 14, 559-572.
Galperin, B.L. & Burke, R.J.(2006).Uncovering the relationship between workaholism and workplace destructive and constructive deviance: an exploratory study. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 17 (2), 331-347.
Gambetta, D. (1988). Can we trust? In D. Gambetta (Ed.), Trust: Making and breaking of cooperative relations (pp. 213-238). New York: Basil Blackwell.
Gemuenden, H. G. & T. Lechler. (1997). Success factors of project management: Thecritical few. Reviewed paper, Portland Internat. Conf. Managemettt of Eng. Tech. Portland. Oregon July 27-31.
George, J. M. (1991). State or trait: Effects of positive mood on prosocial behaviors at work. Journal of Applied Psychology, 76, 299–307.
George, J. M., & Bettenhausen, K.(1990). Understanding prosocial behavior, sales performance, and turnover: A group-level analysis in a service context. Journal of Applied Psychology, 75(6), 698-709.
George. J.M. (1990). Personality, affect, arid behavior in groups. Journal of Applied Psychology, 75(2), 107-116.
Gladstein, D. L. (1984), Groups in context: A model of task group effectiveness. Administrative Science Quarterly, 29, .499-517.
Goodman. P. S.. E. Ravlin, M. Schminke. 1987. Understanding groups in organizations. B. W. Staw. L. L. Cummings, eds. Research itt Organizational Iiehavior9 ]M Press. Greenwich. CT, 121-173.
Graham, J. W. (1989)Organizational citizenship behavior: Construct redefinition. operationalization. and validation. Unpublished working paper, Loyola University of Chicago.
Graves, L. M., Ruderman , M. & Ohlott, P. J. (2006). Effect of workaholism on managerial performance: help or hindrance. Paper Presented at the Academy of Management, Atlanta, August.
Hackman, J. R. (1983), A Normative Model of Work Team Effectiveness, CT: Yale University.
Hackman, J. R. (1990), Groups That Work, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Hair, Jr. J. F., Anderson, R. E., Tatham, R. L. & Black, W. L. (1995) Multivariate data analysis with readings. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc.
Harpaz, I., & Snir, R. (2003). Workaholism: its definition and nature. Human Relations, 56, 291-319.
Hauptman. O., Hirji. K. K. (1996). The influence of process concurrency on project outcomes in product development: An empirical studyof cross-functional teams. lEEF Trans. Engrg. Management 43(3), 153-164
Haymon, S. (1993). The relationship of work addiction and depression, anxiety, and anger in college males (Doctoral dissertation, Florida State University, ). Dissertation Abstracts International, 53, 5401-B.
Helfert, G. (1998). Team management of business relationships: A framework for effectiveness. H. G. Gemuenden. T. Ritter. A. Walter, eds. Relationships and Networks in International Markets. Elsevier (Pergamon Press). Oxford
Helmreich, R.L. (1984), Cockpit Management Attitudes, Human Factors, 26(5), 583-589.
Hirschi, T, (1969) Causes of Delinquency. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press,
Hirshleifer, J. (1987). On emotions and guarantors of threat and promises. In J. Dupré (Ed.) The latest on the best: Essays on evolution and optimality. MIT Press,Cambridge, MA.
Hogel, M. & Gemuenden, H. G. (2001). Teamwork Quality and the Success of innovative Projects: A Theoretical Concept and Empirical Evidence. Organization science, 12(4), 435-449
Isen, A. M., & Levin, P. F. (1972). The effect of feeling good on helping: Cookies and kindness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 21, 384–388.
Isen, A. M., and Daubman, K. A., (1984). The influence of affect on categorization. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 47(6), 1206-1217.
Isen, A. M., and Means, B., (1983). The influence of positive affect on decision-making strategy. Social Cognition, 2 (1), 18-31.
Isen, A. M., Clark, M., & Schwartz, M. F. (1976). Duration of the effect of good mood on helping: “Footprints on the sands of time.”. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 34, 385–393.
Isen, A.M., (1987). Positive Affect, Cognitive-Processes, and Social-Behavior. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology,. 20, 203-253.


Jackson, S. E. (1991). Team composition in organizational settings: Issues in managing an increasingly diverse workforce. In S. Worchel, W. Wood, & J. Simpson (Eds.), Group process and productivity: 138-171. Beverly Hills, CA:Sage.
Jackson, S. E., Brett, J. F., Sessa, V. I., Cooper, D. M., Julin, J. A., & Peyronnin, K. (1991). Some differences make a difference: Individual dissimilarity and group heterogeneity as correlates of recuitmant, promotions, and turnover. Journal of Applied Psychology, 76, 675-689.
James, L. R. (1982). Aggregation bias in estimates of perceptual agreement. Journal of Applied Psychology, 67, 219-229
James, L. R., Demaree, R. G., & Wolf, G. (1984). Estimating within-group interrater reliability with and without response bias. Journal of Applied Psychology, 69, 85-98.
Jewell, L. N. & Reitz, H. J. (1981). Group Effectiveness in Organizations, Illinois: Foresman and Company.
Jones, G. R., and J. M. George(1998). The Experience and Evolution of Trust: Implications for Cooperation and Teamwork. Academy of Management Review, 23(3), 531-546.
Kahai, S. S., Sosik, J. J., & Avolio, B. J. (1997). Effects of leadership style and problem structure on work group process and outcomes in an electronic meeting system environment. Personnel Psychology, 50, 121-146.
Kanai, A., & Wakabayashi, M. (2001). Workaholism among Japanese blue-collar employees. International Journal of Stress Management, 8, 129-145.
Kanai, A., Wakabayashi, M., & Fling, S. (1996). Workaholism among employees in Japanese corporations: An examination based on the Japanese version of the Workaholism Scales. Japanese Psychological Research, 38, 192-203.
Katz. R. (1982). The effects of group longevity on project communication and perfonnance. Administrative Science Quarterly, 22, 81-104.
Katzenbach, J. R. & Smith, D. K. (1993), The Wisdom of Teams: Creating The High-Performance Organization, New York: Happer Collins.
Katzenbach, J. R., & Smith, D. K. (1993). The wisdom of teams: Creating the high-performance organization. New York: Happer Collins
Kegan, D., A. Rubenstein. (1973). Trust, effectiveness, and organizational development: A field study in R&D. Journal of Applied. Behavioral Scienc, 9 498-513.
Kiffin-Petersen, S.A. (2004). Trust: a neglected variable in team effectiveness research. Journal of Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management, 10, 38-53.

Kirkman, B. L., & Rosen, B. (1999). Beyond self-management: Antecedents & consequences of team empowerment. Academy of Management Journal, 42(1), 113-119.
Kitano, H. H. L. (1989). Alcohol and drug use and self-esteem: A social-culture perspective. In A.M.Mecca, N.J. Smelser, & J. Vasconcellos(Eds.), The social importance of self-esteem(pp.294~326). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Klaft, R. P., & Kleiner, B. H. (1988). Understanding workaholics. Business, 33, 37–40.
Klein, K. J., & Kozlowski, S. J. (2000). Multilevel theory, research, and methods in organizations: Foundations, extensions, and new directions. San Francisco:Jossey Bass.
Klimoski. R. & Mohammed, S. (1994). Team mental model: Construct of metaphor? Journal of Management, 20(2), 403-437.
Kline, R. B. (1998). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. New York: Guilford Press.
Klirnoski, R. J., B. Karol. (1976). The impact of trust on creative problem solving groups. Journal of Applied Psychology,. 61, 630 633.
Kolodny, H., and Kiggundu, M. (1980). Towards the Development of a Sociotechnical Systems Model in Woodlands Mechanical Harvesting. Human Relations, 33, 623¬645.
Korn, E. R., Pratt, G. J., & Lambrou, P. T. (1987). Hyper-performance: The A.I.M. strategy for releasing your business potential. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Korn, E.R. Pratt, G.J. and Lambrou, P.T. (1987). Hyper-performance: the A.I.M. Strategy for Releasing your Business Potential New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Kozlowski, S. W. J., & Bell, B. S. (2003). Work groups and teams in organizations. Handbook of psychology: Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 12, 333-375.
Kozlowski, S. W. J., & Hattrup, K. (1992). A disagreement about within-group agreement: Disentangling Issues of consistency versus consensus. Journal of Applied Psychology, 77(2), 298-309.
Larson C. E. and LaFasto, F. M. J. (1989), Teamwork: What must go right, what can go wrong. California: Sage Pub.
Laughlin, P. R. (1978). Ability and Group Problem Solving. Journal of Research and Development in Education, 12, 114-120.
Lawler, E. E. (1990). Strategic pay: Aligning organizational strategies and pay systems. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Lawler, E. E., III, Mohrman, S. A. & Ledford, G. E., Jr. (1995), Creating High Performance Organizations: Practices and Results of Employee Involvement and Total Quality Management in Fortune 1000 Companies, San Francisco:Jossey-Bass.

Levine, J, M,. R, L, Moreland, (1990). Progress in small group research. Annual Review of Psychology, 41, 585-634.
Lewicki, R. J. & Bunker, B. B.(1996). Developing and maintaining trust in work relationships. Trust in organizations: Frontiers of theory and research , Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage,.114-139.
Lewis, J. P. (1993). How to Build and Manage A Winning Project Team, NY: American Management Association.
Little, B., & Madigan, R. (1997) . The relationship between collective efficacy and performance in manufacturing work teams. Small Group Research, 28, 517-534.
Machlowitz, M.M. (1980). Workaholics: Living with Them, Working with Them.
Manz, C. C., & Sims, H. P., Jr. (1987). Leading workers to lead themselves: The external leadership of self-managing work teams. Administrative Science Quarterly, 32, 106-129.
Marisako, A.(1992), Price, Quality and Trust, Cambridge university press, 63(1), 37-40
Marks, MA, Mathieu, JE & Zaccaro, SJ (2001). A temporally based framework and taxonomy of tcarn processes. Academy of Management Review, 26, 356-376.
Mayer, R. C., J. H. Davis, and F.D. Schoorman(1995). An Integrative Model of Organizational Trust. Academy of Management Review, 20, 3, 709-734.
McAllister, D. (1995). Affect-and Cognition-Based Trust as Foundations for Interpersonal Cooperation in Organizations. Academy of Management Journal, 38, ,24-59.
McGrath, J. E. (1964). Social Psychology: A Brief Introduction, New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
McGraw, K. O., & Wong, S. P. (1996). Forming inferences about some intraclass correlation coefficients. Psychological Methods, 1(1), 30-46
McKnight, D., Harrison, Larry Cummings and Norman Chervany (1998). Initial Trust Formation in New Organization Relationships. Academy of Management Review, 23, 3, 473-490.
McMillan L. H. W. (2000). Workaholism: How does it impact on a person''s life? Unpublished raw data, University of Waikato, New Zealand.
McMillan, L. H. W., Brady, E. C., O’Driscoll, M. P., & Marsh, N. V. (2002). A multifacedted validation study of Spence and Robbins’ workaholism battery. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 75, 357-368.
Mead, M. (1976). Cooperation and competition among primitive people. Boston: Beacon.
Mohrman, S. A., Cohen, S. G. & Mohrman, A. M., Jr. (1995). Designing Team-Based Organizations: New Forms for Knowledge Work, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.



Montoya-Weiss, M. M., & Massey, A. P. (2001). Getting it together temporal coordination and conflict management in global virtual teams. Academy of Management Journal, 44(6), 1251-1262.
Moorman, C., R. Deshpande and G. Zaltman (1993). Factors Affecting Trust on Market Research Relationships. Journal of Marketing, 57(1), 81-101.
Morgan, R. M. and S. D. Hunt (1994). The Commitment-Trust Theory of Relationship Marketing, Journal of Marketing, 58(3), 20-38.
Moritz, S. E., Feltz, D. E., Fahrbach, K. R., & Mack, D. E. (2000). The relation of self-efficacy measures to sport performance: A meta-analytic review. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 71, 280–294.
Morris, S., & Charney, N. (1983). Workaholism: Thank god it’s Monday. Psychology Today, 17(6), 88.
Mosier, S. K. (1983). Workaholics: an analysis of their stress, success and priorities Unpublished master’s thesis, University of Texas at Austin.
Mudrack, P. E. (2004). Job involvement, obsessive-compulsive personality traits, and workaholic behavioral tendencies. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 17(5), 490-508.
Mudrack, P. E., & Naughton, T. J. (2001) The assessment of workaholism as behavioral tendencies: Scale development and preliminary empirical testing. International. Journal of Stress Management, 8(2), 93-111.
Naughton, T. J. (1987). A conceptual view of workaholism and implications for career counseling and research. Career Development Quarterly, 35:180-187.
Naughton, T.J. (1987). A conceptual view of workaholism and implications for career counseling and research. Career Development Quarterly, 35, 180-187.
Ng, K.-Y. & Chua, Roy Y. J. (2006). Do I Contribute More When I Trust More? Differential Effects of Cognition- and Affect-Based Trust. Management and Organizational Review, 2(1), 43-66
Nieva, V. F., Fleishman, E. A. & Rieck, A. (1978). Team Dimensions: Their Identity, Their Measurement, and Their Relationship. Washington, DC: Advanced Research Resources Organizations.
Nooteboom, B. (1996). Trust, Opportunism, and Governance:A Process and Control Model, Organization Studies, 17, .985-1010.
Oates, W. (1971). Confessions of a workaholics: The facts about work addiction. New York:World.
O’Reilly, C. A., Caldwell, D. F. & Barnett, W. P. (1989), Work group demography, social integration, and turnover. Administrative Science Quarterly, 34, 21-37
Pearce, J. A., & Ravlin, E. C. (1987). The design and activation of self-regulating work groups. Human Relations, 40(11), 751-782.
Perez-Prada E. (1996). Personality at work. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO.
Pinto, M, B,. J, K, Pinto. (1990). Project team communication and crossfunctional cooperation in new program development. Journal of Innovative Management,7(3), 200-212.
Pinto, M., Pinto, J., and Prescott, J. (1993). Antecedents and Consequences of Project Team Cross-functional Cooperation. Management Science, 39, 1281-1297.
Porter, G. (1996). Organizational impact of workaholism: suggestions for researching the negative outcomes of excessivework. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 1, 70–84.
Porter, G. (2001). Workaholic tendencies and the high potential for stress among co-workers. International Journal of Stress Management, 8, 147–164.
Quick, T. L. (1992). Successful Team Building. New York: American Management Association.
Robbins, S. P. (2001). Organizational Behavior (9rd ed.). New Jersey : Prentice Hall
Robinson, B. E., & Kelley, L. (1998). Adult children of workaholics: self-concept, anxiety, depression, and locus of control. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 26, 223-238
Robinson, B.E. (2000). Workaholism: Bridging the Gap Between Workplace, Sociocultural, and Family Research. Journal of Employment Counseling; 37(1) : 31-47.
Roseman, I. 3. 1984. CognItive Determinants of Emotions: A Structural Theory, In P. Shaver (Ed.), Review of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 5, Emotions, Relationships, and Healthy,Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Rotter, J. B.(1980), Interpersonal Trust, Trustworthiness, and Gullibility. American Psychologist, 35(1), 1-7.
Rousseau, DM, Sitkin, R Burt, RS & Camercr, C (1998). Not so different after all: A cross discipline view of trust. Academy of Management Review, 23, 393-404.


Rousseau, M. T., Stikin, S. B., Burt, S. B. and Carmerer, C. (1998). Not so different after all: across-discipline view of trust. Academy of Management Review, 23(3), 393-404.
Sackett, P. R., & Larson, J. R. (1990). Research strategies and tactics in I/O psychology. In M. D. Dunnette & L. Hough (Eds.), Handbook of industrial and organizational psychology (2nd ed.) (pp. 428-442). Palo Alto, CA:Consulting Psychologists Press.
Salas, E., Dickinson, T. L., Converse, S. A. & Tannenbaum, S. I. (1992). “Toward an understanding of team performance and training,”In Swezey R. W. & Salas E. (Eds.), Teams: Their Training and Performance, NJ: Ablex, pp.3-29.
Schumacker, R.E. & Lomax, R.G (1996). A beginner’s guide to structural equation modeling, Mahwah, NJ: Lawrance Erlbaum Associates.
Schwartz, S. (1982). Job involvement as obsession-compulsion. Academy of Management Review, 7, 429-432.
Schwarz, N. (1990). Feelings as information: Informational and motivational functions of affective states. In E. T. Higgins & R. Sorrentino (Eds.), Handbook of motivation and cognition: Foundations of social behavior, vol.2:527—561. New York: Guilford.
Schwarz, N., & Clore, G. L. (1983). Mood, misattribution, and judgments of well-being: Informative and directive functions of affective states. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 513—523.

Scott, K.S., Moore, K.S. & Miceli, M.P. (1997). An exploration of the meaning and consequences of workaholism. Human Relations, 50(3), 287-314
Seybold, K.C. & Salomone, P.R. (1994). Understanding workaholism: A view of causes andcounseling approaches. Journal of Counseling and Development, 73, 4-9.
Shapiro, D., Sheppard, B. H., & Cheraskin, L. (1992). Business on a handshake. Negotiation Journal. October: 365—378.
Sheppard, B. H. & Tuchinsky, M. (1996). "Micro-OB and the Network Organization," in R. M. Kramer & T. R. Tyler (eds.), Trust in Organizations:Frontiers of Theory and Research. Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage Publications, pp.140-165.
Shonk, J.H. (1982). Working in Teams:A Practical Manual for Improving Work, New York, Amacom
Simons, T. L. (1995). Top Management team consensus, heterogeneity and debates as contingent predictors of company performance: The complimentarity of group structure and process. Academy of Management Proceedings, .62-66.
Simpson, J. T., & Mayo, D. T. (1997). Relationship management: A call for fewer influence attempts? Journal of Business Research, 39(3), 209-218.
Smith, J.B. and D.W. Barclay, (1997) The Effects of Organizational Differences and Trust on the Effectiveness of Selling Partner Relationships, Journal of Marketing, 61, 3-21.
Smith, K. G., Carroll, S. J., & Ashford, S. J. (1995). Intra- and inter-organizational cooperation: Toward a research agenda. Academy of Management Journal, 38, 7-23.

Snir, R. & Itzhak H. (2006). The workaholism phenomenon: a cross-national perspective. Career Development International, 11(5), 374-393.
Snir, R. & Zohar I. (2000). Workaholism: work-addiction or workphilia? Paper presented at the international conference on psychology-psychology after the year 2000. University of Haifa Israel
Song, X. M., Montoya-Weiss & Schmidt, J. B. (1997).Antecedents and consequences of cross -functional cooperation: A comparison of R&D, manufacturing, and marketing perspectives. Journa of Production InnovationManagement, 14, 35-47.

Spence, J. T. & Robbins, A. S.(1992). Workaholism:Definition, measurement, and preliminary results. Journal of Personality Assessment, 58, 160-178.
Spruell, G. (1987). Work fever. Training and Development Journal, 41(1), 41-45.
Staw, B. M., Sutton, R. I., & Pelled, L. H. (1994). Employee positive emotion and favorable outcomes at the workplace. Organization Science,5, 51–71
Stewart, G. L., Manz, C. C., & Sims, H. P., Jr. (1999). Team work and group dynamics . New York: Wiley
Sundstrom, E. DeMeuse, K. P., & Futrull. D.(1990). Work Team: Applications and Effectiveness. American Psychology,45(2), 120-133

Tesluk, P. E., & Mathiew, J. E. (1999). Overcoming roadblocks to effectiveness: Incorporating management of performance barriers into models of work group effectiveness. Journal of Applied Psychology, 84, 200-217.
Thomas W. H. NG , Kelly L..S. & Daniel C. F. (2007). Dimensions, antecedents, and consequences of workaholism: a conceptual integration and extension. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 28, 111-136.
Tjosvold, D. (1998a). Cooperative and competitive interdependence: Collaboration between departments to service customers.. Group & Organization Studies , 13(3):274-289.
Tjosvold, D.(1988b). Cooperative and competitive dynamics within and between organization units. Human Relations, 41(6),.425-436
Totterdell, P., Kellett, S., Teuchmann, K., & Briner, R. B (1998). Evidence of mood linkage in work groups, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74(6), 1504 - 1515.
Tsai, W. C., Chen, C. C., and Liu, H. L. (2007). Test of a model linking employee positive moods and task performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92, 1570-1583.
Ven de ven, A. H. & Ferry, D. L. (1980). Measuring and Assessing Organization. New York: John Wiley & Sons
Warr, P., Cook, J., & Wall, T. (1979). Scales for the measurement of some work attitudes and aspects of psychological well-being. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 52, 129-148.
Webber, S. S. (2002). Leadership and trust facilitating cross-functional team success. The Journal of Management Development, 21, 201-214.
Whitney, K. (1994). Improving group task performance:The role of groups goals and group efficacy. Human Performance, 7, 55-78.
Wiilliams, M.. Disentangling Concepts: The Role of Affect in Trust Development and Cooperation.
Williams, M.(2001). In whom we trust: Group membership as an affective context for trust development. Academy of management Review, 26(3),.377-396
Wright, W. F., & Bower, G. H. (1992). Mood effects on subjective probability assessment. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processed, 52 (22), 276-291.
Zenger, T. R. & Lawrence, B. S. (1989). Organizational demography: The differential effects of age and tenure distributions on technical communication. Academy of Management Journal, 32, 353-376.
Zimbardo, P. G., Weber, & Johnson, R.L. (2000). Psychology, Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon
Zucker, L.G..(1986). Production of Trust: Institutional Sources of Economic Structure, 1840-1920, in B.M.Staw and L.L.Cummings(eds.), Research in Organizational Behavior, 8. Greenwich, Conn.:JAI, 53-111.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔