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研究生:王奇笙
研究生(外文):Chi-Sheng Wang
論文名稱:以BIM為基礎建構裝潢工程元件之規則研究
論文名稱(外文):Employing BIM to Develop the Rules for the Building Objects of the Interior-Finishing Project
指導教授:馮重偉馮重偉引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chung-Wei Feng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:土木工程學系專班
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:57
中文關鍵詞:裝潢工程建物資訊模型多維度模型多維度建物元件
外文關鍵詞:Building information modelMulti-dimensional modelInterior-finishing projectMD building object
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由於營建專案日趨龐大及複雜,為了滿足專案管理團隊對資訊管理的需求,3D、4D、BIM (Building Information Model)等資訊管理技術不斷興起。以BIM的精神為基礎所發展出來的多維度模型(MD Model),在專案資訊整合、專案排程模式及施工管控的應用上已顯現初步成效【Feng and Chen, 2006】,但該研究初步僅針對結構工程中之建物構件及施工內容進行探討。本研究擬以裝潢工程為範疇,建立裝潢工程元件的建構規則,期能充實多維度建物元件庫,擴大MD Model的應用範疇。
本研究先以構件(Element)及空間(Space)為基本單元,建立專案的PBS (Product Breakdown Structure),然後將每個空間內的裝潢工程元件一一拆卸並紀錄列表,接著根據施工法或材料性質的要求,建立每個元件與其它裝潢工程元件的相依關係,最後以桿狀圖(Bar Chart)為工具,藉由反覆檢討裝潢工程元件間相依關係的邏輯性來調整裝潢工程元件的尺度,直到所有裝潢工程元件都是最適尺度為止。將這些裝潢工程元件以工程類別分類,建立裝修工程的WBS (Work Breakdown Structure),此WBS除了可作為多維度建物元件3D圖檔的歸檔分類外,亦可作為訂定分包商合約之合約項目的參考。
運用本建構規則建構裝潢工程元件時,其過程兼顧了元件的幾何面向、行為面向、時間面向及實體面向屬性,符合多維度建物元件(MD Object)的基本要求,因此依本建構規則產出的裝潢工程元件應可適用於MD Model。


關鍵詞:建物資訊模型、多維度模型、多維度建物元件、裝潢工程
Due to the magnitude and complexity of modern construction projects and the needs of the project management teams for information management, the various information management technologies (Such as 3D、4D、BIM…etc.) emerged in recent years. Although MD model based on BIM presented the efficiency and effectiveness in information integration, schedule modeling and construction management 【Feng and Chen, 2006】, but the research was simply focused on the structural components of Buildings. This study intends to develop the rules for creating building objects of interior-finishing project, and expect to enrich the MD object database to extend the MD model’s application areas.
At beginning, the study employs “element” and “space” as basic units to build project’s PBS (Product Breakdown Structure), then to dismount all the interior-finishing objects from space units and list them in a tabular form, after that, depending on the construction materials or methods, to determine the dependencies between objects. Finally, using Bar Chart to check the dependencies between objects iteratively to adjust the objects’ size until all the objects reach appropriate size. Structuring and organizing the objects into a WBS (Work Breakdown Structure), the WBS not only could be the classification of MD objects, but also could be the contract items of subcontracts.
When utilizing the rules to create interior-finishing objects, geometric, behavioral, time and physical attributes are under consideration, which is meeting MD objects’ basic requirements, so the interior-finishing objects created according to the rules should be applied to MD Model.


Keywords: Building information model, Multi-dimensional model, MD building object, Interior-finishing project
摘要-------------------------------------I
Abstract--------------------------------II
誌謝-----------------------------------III
目錄------------------------------------IV
表目錄---------------------------------VII
圖目錄--------------------------------VIII
第一章 緒論------------------------------1
1.1 研究動機-----------------------------1
1.2 研究目的-----------------------------2
1.3 研究範圍-----------------------------2
1.4 研究方法與流程-----------------------3
1.5 論文內容與架構-----------------------4
第二章 研究問題陳述與文獻回顧------------5
2.1 研究問題陳述-------------------------5
2.2 專案資訊-----------------------------6
2.2.1 專案資訊處理-----------------------6
2.2.2 專案資訊整合-----------------------7
2.2.3 建物資訊模型(BIM)------------------8
2.3 專案模型-----------------------------9
2.3.1 4D Model--------------------------10
2.3.2 MD Model--------------------------11
2.4 專案解構(Decomposition)-------------14
2.5 小結--------------------------------16
第三章 建構裝修元件之工具、步驟及規則---18
3.1 建構裝修元件之工具------------------18
3.1.1 裝修元件的描述工具----------------18
3.1.2 建物的拆解工具--------------------21
3.1.2.1 WBS-----------------------------21
3.1.2.2 PBS-----------------------------21
3.1.3 裝修元件的相依關係----------------23
3.1.3.1 相依關係的種類------------------23
3.1.3.2 造成相依限制的因素--------------23
3.2 建構裝修元件之步驟------------------24
3.2.1 建立專案之PBS---------------------25
3.2.1.1 建物的組成元素------------------25
3.2.1.2 建立PBS-------------------------26
3.2.2 拆卸裝修元件----------------------27
3.2.3 建立元件相依關係------------------28
3.2.3.1 相依(先行)元件------------------30
3.2.3.2 相依關係種類--------------------30
3.2.4 檢討裝修元件尺度------------------30
3.2.4.1 降低元件尺度(拆解)--------------31
3.2.4.2 提升元件尺度(合併)--------------33
3.2.5 依工種分類建立裝修工程之WBS-------34
3.3 建構裝修元件之規則------------------35
3.4 小結--------------------------------36
第四章 案例驗證-------------------------37
4.1 案例背景說明------------------------37
4.2 建構裝修元件------------------------37
4.2.1 建立PBS---------------------------37
4.2.2 拆卸裝修元件----------------------39
4.2.3 建立元件相依關係------------------42
4.2.4 檢討裝修元件尺度------------------44
4.2.5 建立WBS---------------------------47
4.3 小結--------------------------------47
第五章 結論與建議-----------------------48
5.1 結論--------------------------------48
5.2 未來研究方向與建議------------------49
參考文獻--------------------------------50
附錄A 驗證案例之平面圖(摘錄)------------54
自述------------------------------------57
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