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研究生:柯長佑
研究生(外文):Chang-Yu,Ko
論文名稱:光子晶體光纖之應用
論文名稱(外文):The Applications of Photonic Crystal Fiber
指導教授:蕭桂森
指導教授(外文):Vincent K. S. Hsiao
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立暨南國際大學
系所名稱:生物醫學科技研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:醫學技術及檢驗學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:49
中文關鍵詞:光子晶體光纖光纖感測
外文關鍵詞:photonic crystal fiberfiber sensor
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光子晶體光纖是由週期排列的空氣孔洞所構成的圓柱波導光纖,其週期排列的空氣孔洞結構可以藉由填充不同的物質,使得光纖內的光傳導特性改變,造成輸出光源的變化;而光在光子晶體光纖結構內傳輸,可以藉由全反射現象 (Total internal reflection) 和光子能隙 (Photonic bandgap) 這兩種方式進行光傳導。
本論文利用固態核心的光子晶體光纖,將不同液態物質填滿光纖包覆層的空氣孔洞,研究其改變的光學性質。首先將全光調控式液晶混何物填充至光纖包覆層的空氣孔洞,藉由外加光場來改變液晶物理特性,來達到全光調控的光子晶體光纖元件;此外,我們也填充不同濃度的螢光染劑,利用觀察螢光圖譜強度變化,來探討其螢光偵測極限。最後嘗試利用光子晶體光纖製作光纖生物感測元件,來偵測螢光標定的去氧核醣核酸。
Photonic crystal fiber (PCF) is a microstructure waveguide that contains an array of air holes running down the length of fiber. The periodic structure of air holes provides PCF an additional design freedom offering different light propagation properties. The guiding mode of PCF depends on either a total internal refraction (TIR) or photonic band-gap (PBG) effect determined by the fiber structure. In this thesis, we have achieved several photonic applications by infiltrating different materials into a solid-core PCF. At first, an all-optical tuning device was fabricated by filling the photoresponsive liquid crystal into the voids within the cladding structure, that creating an environment of modifiable refractive index. Besides, we have demonstrated a PCF-assisted fluorescence spectrometer by using Rhodamine 6G (R6G) infiltrated in to the air holes. Those demonstrations could possibly be applied in fluorescence-based DNA biological sensors.
第一章 敘論
1.1前言
1.2 研究動機與目的
1.3 論文架構概述
第二章 光子晶體光纖與去氧核醣核酸之基本原理簡介
2.1 光纖種類與結構
2.1.1 光纖分類
2.1.2 全反射 (total internal reflection,TIR)
2.1.3 數值孔徑 (numerical aperture,N.A.)
2.1.4 漸逝波 (evanescent wave,EW)
2.2 光子晶體 (photonic crystals)
2.2.1 光子晶體結構
2.2.2 光子晶體光纖 (photonic crystal fibers,PCFs)
2.3 去氧核醣核酸 (deoxyribonucleic acid,DNA)螢光標定
2.3.1 去氧核醣核酸(deoxyribonucleic acid,DNA)基本理論與架構
2.3.2表面官能活化
2.3.3 生物分子固定技術
2.3.4 螢光 (fluorescence)基本理論
第三章 實驗設備與研究方法
3.1 實驗材料與儀器
3.2 實驗流程架構
3.3 光纖前處理
3.4 光學量測系統架設方法
3.4.1 填充液晶分子於光子晶體光纖
3.4.2 填充氯化鈣 (Calcium Chloride,CaCl2)於光子晶體光纖
3.4.3 填充螢光染劑Rhodamine 6G (R6G)於光子晶體光纖
3.5 去氧核醣核酸雜合反應 (hybridization)於玻璃改質基板
3.5.1 玻璃片的前處理與表面修飾
3.5.2 去氧核醣核酸DNA primer
3.5.3 去氧核醣核酸雜合反應實驗流程
第四章 實驗結果與討論
4.1光纖截面前處理
4.2 全光調控式液晶
4.3 光子晶體光纖孔洞摻入氯化鈣 (CaCl2)
4.4 光子晶體光纖孔洞填入螢光染劑Rhodamine 6G (R6G)
4.5 去氧核醣核酸(DNA)雜合反應於APTES表面改質玻璃
第五章 結論與未來展望
第六章 參考資料
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