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研究生:林宓蓁
研究生(外文):Mi-Chen Lin
論文名稱:露西.蒙哥瑪莉《清秀佳人》中女性青少年發展議題之探討及其在英語教學上之應用
論文名稱(外文):A Study of Female Adolescent Development in Lucy Maud Montgomery's Anne of Green Gables and Its Application to English Teaching
指導教授:蔣筱珍蔣筱珍引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsiao-Chen Chiang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立彰化師範大學
系所名稱:英語學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:97
語文別:英文
論文頁數:282
中文關鍵詞:露西.蒙哥瑪莉女性青少年發展英語教學清秀佳人
外文關鍵詞:Lucy Maud MontgomeryFemale Adolescent DevelopmentEnglish TeachingAnne of Green Gables
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本論文旨在探討露西.蒙哥瑪莉作品《清秀佳人》中女性青少年發展的議題以及將它應用於高中英語教學上的成效。鑑於文學作品融入於實際英語教學的評價頗高,而關於探討女性青少年發展的議題將有助於學生學習面對青春期的挑戰,益處頗深,故本文研究者運用多樣教學的方法及策略,以測試英文原版小說應用在教學上的可行性,並提升學生對此部小說的理解及加深對自我的認識。教學之後,輔以問卷、訪談、學習者日誌及測驗等方式來分析學生對英語小說的看法及對《清秀佳人》運用於小說教學的觀感。
本論文分成六章。第一章介紹《清秀佳人》作者露西.蒙哥瑪莉的生平背景,文獻探討,以及說明本論文的研究動機、目的、和研究問題。第二章以發展心理學觀點介紹女性青少年發展議題。第三章透過對小說中女主角的分析,舉例說明 《清秀佳人》中女性青少年發展議題。第四章討論《清秀佳人》在高中英語教學上的應用。本章包含了將這本小說的用在高中英語課堂上的適切性和本教學實驗中所使用的教學方法、教案設計、教學程序及研究設計。第五章是本章教學應用的結果討論。第六章總結本教學實驗的主要發現,提出本研究的限制以及一些教學與研究上的建議,以供日後相關研究之參考。
This thesis aims to explore issues of female adolescent development in L. M. Montgomery’s Anne of Green Gables and apply it to English teaching in EFL senior high school in Taiwan. Seeing that literature has been highly valued in English teaching and that literature addressing the development of adolescent girls can serve as an appropriate vehicle for the students to confront their developmental issues, the researcher adopts an eclectic teaching method and strategies to teach L. M. Montgomery’s Anne of Green Gables in order to assess the feasibility of using an original copy of English novel as teaching material in EFL classroom, and to promote students’ appreciation of a text that reflects their personal experience. Questionnaires, interviews, learner journals and tests are used to poll the students’ opinions about applying Anne of Green Gables in its original version as a tool for facilitating English learning.
This thesis consists of six chapters. Chapter One introduces Montgomery’s biographical background, literature reviews of the text, and the purpose and research questions of the study. Chapter Two is a study of female adolescent development from the perspective of developmental psychology. Specifically, physical, cognitive and psychosocial issues of female adolescent development are discussed. Chapter Three explores the development of the title character and exemplifies the issues of female adolescent development presented in Montgomery’s Anne of Green Gables. Chapter Four analyzes the appropriateness of Anne of Green Gables as a teaching material. The teaching methods, teaching strategies, lesson design and research design are also presented. Chapter Five presents the results and discussion of the study. Chapter Six summaries the major findings, pedagogical implications and limitations of the study. Suggestions for further studies are also proposed.
Chinese Abstract…………i
English Abstract…………ii
Acknowledgement…………iv
Table of Contents…………v
List of Tables…………viii
List of Figures…………ix

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1
Lucy Maud Montgomery and Her Time 2
Literature Review of Anne of Green Gables 8
Novels as Appropriate Teaching Materials 19
Motivation of the Study 24
Purposes and Research Questions 28
Organization of the Thesis 29

CHAPTER TWO ISSUES OF FEMALE ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT 32
Developmental Psychology 33
Physical Development 35
Physical Changes 36
Psychological Impact of Physical Changes 37
Cognitive Development 39
Formal Operations 40
Moral Development 44
School and Achievement 49
Career Development 52
Psychosocial Development 56
Search for Identity 56
Quest for Belongingness 59

CHAPTER THREE ISSUES OF FEMALE ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT IN ANNE OF GREEN GABLES 63
Anne’s Physical Development 63
Physical Changes 64
Psychological Impact of Physical Changes 66
Anne’s Cognitive Development 70
Formal Operations 71
Moral Development 78
School and Achievement 84
Career Development 88
Anne’s Psychosocial Development 92
Search for Identity 93
Quest for Belongingness 97

CHAPTER FOUR THE APPLICATION OF L. M. MONTGOMERY’S ANNE OF GREEN GABLE TO ENGLISH TEACHING 103
Appropriateness of Teaching L. M. Montgomery’s Anne of Green Gables 103
Literature Review of Teaching Methods 110
The Grammar Translation Method 110
The Direct Method 113
The Audiolingual Method 114
Cooperative Language Learning 115
Reader Response Approach 117
Classroom Strategies for Teaching Literature 119
Reading Aloud 119
Using Video 120
Book Discussions 122
Response Journals 125
Literary Works as Writing Models 128
Creative Drama 129
Application of Anne of Green Gables to English Teaching 131
An Overview of the Lesson Design 131
Teaching Procedures 133
Research Design 144
Participants 145
Instruments 145
Data Collection Procedures 149
Data Analysis 150

CHAPTER FIVE FINDINGS AND DISCUSSIONS OF THE TEACHING APPLICATION 152
Analysis of Responses to Questionnaires 152
Analysis of the Participants’ Opinions on Reading Original English Novels 153
Analysis of the Participants’ Opinions on the Teaching Strategies 157
Analysis of the Participants’ Opinions on the Issues of Female Adolescent Development in Anne of Green Gables 162
Analysis of the Participants’ Opinions to the Application of Anne of Green Gables in English Class 164
Analysis of the Findings from the Results of Tests 171
Analysis of the Findings from Learner Journals 172
Analysis of the Findings from Interpretation of Interviews 179

CHAPTER SIX CONCLUSION 185
Summary of the Major Findings 185
The Literary Perspective 185
The Instructional Perspective 187
Pedagogical Implications of the Present Study 191
Limitations of the Study 193
Suggestions for Further Studies 194

References 196
Appendix A Students’ Questionnaire 215
Appendix B Pre/Post-test 218
Appendix C Guiding Questions for Interview 220
Appendix D Biography of Lucy Maud Montgomery 221
Appendix E Summary of Anne of Green Gables 223
Appendix F Selected Extracts as Teaching Materials 226
Appendix G Vocabulary in the Selected Extracts 239
Appendix H Phrases in the Selected Extracts 245
Appendix I Sentence Patterns in the Selected Extracts 248
Appendix J Worksheets 253
Appendix K Lesson Plans 261

LIST OF TABLES
Table 5-1 Results of the Participants’ Opinions on Reading Original English
Novels 154
Table 5-2 Results of the Participants’ Opinions on the Teaching Strategies 158
Table 5-3 Results of the Participants’ Opinions on the Adolescent Girls’Development Issues in Anne of Green Gables 162
Table 5-4 Results of the Participants’ Opinions on Whether Anne of Green Gables Helped Them Improve Their Four Language skills 165
Table 5-5 Results of the Participant’s Opinions on the Appropriateness of Language Level in Anne of Green Gables 167
Table 5-6 Results of the Participant’s Opinions on Whether Anne of Green Gables Provided Them with Abundant Vocabulary and Sentence Patterns in Learning English 168
Table 5-7 Results of the Participant’s Opinions on Whether Anne of Green Gables Has Enhanced Their Interest in Learning English 169
Table 5-8 Results of the Participants’ Opinions on Their Willingness to Take the Similar Course after This Teaching Experiment 170
Table 5-9 A Comparison of Pre-test and Post-test of the Study 172

LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1 Procedures of Data Collection 149
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