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研究生:郭于嫙
研究生(外文):Kuo, Yu Shiun
論文名稱:圖書館館員輔以知識建構工具在知識建構教學之研究
論文名稱(外文):The study of knowledge creation based on knowledge construction tools with support of librarians
指導教授:陳志銘陳志銘引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chen, Chih Ming
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:圖書資訊與檔案學研究所
學門:傳播學門
學類:圖書資訊檔案學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:133
中文關鍵詞:知識建構圖書館館員圖書館概念圖
外文關鍵詞:Knowledge BuildingLibrarianLibraryConcept map
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隨著個人電腦與網際網路的普及,學生的學習方式依承載媒介與傳播模式的演進逐漸產生改變,並產生了不同的知識與學習需求。知識建構為一種以討論進行知識的重組與建構歷程,並從中達到激發創意的效果,利用知識建構學習方式固然能讓學生進行更深入的學習與互動,但仍有知識產出深度與參與程度不足等問題。為求更積極地培養學生知識建構能力、資訊素養技術,進而滿足並促進學生的學習效果。
身為學校知識薈萃之地的圖書館,除提供知識外,更應主動提供相關服務,不僅輔助學習者解決在資訊檢索時的問題或評估選擇的困難,同時也可協助教師,參與學習相關的工作。傳統圖書館在參與學生學習活動時,一般都是扮演被動提供學生所需資源的角色,然而隨著教學方式與資訊傳播媒介的轉變,圖書館的角色開始由被動提供學生所需資源到主動參與學生學習活動、課程的方向改變,走出原有傳統圖書館扮演功能的框架,逐步擴大其服務範圍。
本研究為了解圖書館員支援參與知識建構學習活動,是否真的能提升學生的知識建構學習成效與產生有效知識行為轉變,採取準實驗研究法,以知識建構理論為基礎的Knowledge Forum為學習平台,透過教材提供、教師與助教指導和館員協助不同學習階段進行知識建構學習,並以繪製概念圖為知識建構學習成效評量依據,驗證學生的知識成長與學習成效是否有顯著提升。在資料分析層面透過Knowledge Forum平台討論內容、學生三次概念圖作業成績與知識架構演進歷程、學生與館員互動的內容紀錄、期末報告與問卷等資料進行分析,以量化、知識結構和質性分析的方式,將概念圖進行矩陣處理後,利用UCINET社會網絡分析工具進行概念圖結構與知識組成的分析。
實驗結果可證明圖書館員參與知識建構學習確實有助於學生在知識結構層次的提昇及對於資料應用能力的增強。同時也從研究結果看出利用概念圖輔助學生進行知識建構學習,確實有助於學生知識建構歷程的記錄與成長,共計四點發現: 一、圖書館館員參與知識建構學習活動可促進學生更有效的共同知識建構行為的發生;二、圖書館館員參與知識建置學習活動能促進學生累積資訊素養技能與知識背景;三、圖書館館員參與知識建構學習活動促進學生概念圖的結構與命題內容轉變;四、以概念圖輔助學習能有效記錄學生的知識建構歷程與結構層次的轉變。
未來若能將此種圖書館館員支援參與知識建構學習的有效模式應用於其他學科的教學,將更能顯現出圖書館在教學過程中的重要性,且利於與教師和學生的合作經驗。

As the increasing popularity of Internet, personal computers, and the evolution of information communication technology (ICTs), students' learning styles has also gradually changed for a variety of needs for knowledge and learning.
Knowledge building, as an important concept, describes what a learning community needs to accomplish in order to create knowledge. It also refers to the process of creating new cognitive artifacts based on the common goals, group member discussions, and synthesis of ideas within community. Nevertheless, during the learning process of Knowledge building, there are some problems raised while guiding students to keep their in-depth discussion. In this study, we attempt to find out effective methodologies based on the assistance of library support, to promote learners’ participation, learning achievement and information literacy skills.
First, this study introduces a way in which librarians participate in students’ learning process as tutor. Second, the research was conducted by quasi-experiment design; by which an on-line Knowledge Forum for students’ knowledge building learning environment is lunched. Discussion, learning activities and learning materials are delivered through Knowledge Forum. Researchers ask students choose one of four topics (Digital divide, Group dynamic, Attitudes and behavior change, Online persona) to discuss on Knowledge Forum. Students were asked to adopt concept mapping to construct their mind-map and knowledge flow in class. In addition, their learning performance was evaluated based on the process of knowledge mapping (3 times), the content of discussions, tasks, reports and grades. Their works of concept map were analyzed by UCINET, visualizing students’ mind changing, how they organized their knowledge, and to identify the positive effects on students’ performance. Moreover, the study also adopts various data gathering methodologies, such as questionnaires as well as the interaction records between librarians and students for overall understanding the Knowledge construction process.
The results showed that librarians’ involvement in learning activities do help students’ improvement in knowledge constructing level, keeping their reflective process in-depth. The data also showed that students using concept maps in the knowledge building learning process as a sound way to assist their tasks accomplishment.
This research suggests, in the future, there could be more successful collaboration, such as Knowledge building, among librarians, students, and teachers in different types of educational scenarios. Both educators and students will not only understand the importance of the Knowledge construction for better learning performance but also aware librarians as well as their service as an indispensable role in better education setting.

謝 辭 II
摘 要 I
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第三節 研究問題與陳述 5
第四節 研究範圍與限制 5
第五節 名詞解釋 6
第二章 文獻探討 8
第一節 建構學習理論的發展 8
第二節 知識建構學習環境 12
第三節 概念圖工具應用於學習 24
第四節 圖書館在學習上的參與與轉變 27
第三章 研究方法與實驗設計 34
第一節 研究方法 34
第二節 研究架構與流程 35
第三節 研究對象 38
第四節 研究工具 41
第五節 實驗設計 47
第六節 資料分析 53
第四章 研究結果分析與討論 61
第五章 結論與建議 104
參考文獻 111
附錄一 學習調查問卷 119


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