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研究生:陳俐縈
研究生(外文):Li-ying Chen
論文名稱:自我翻譯的轉喻自由:余光中在《守夜人》的詩歌翻譯/創作與跨國認同
論文名稱(外文):Self-translation as Freedom-in-Troping: Yu Kwang-chung’s Creation of Poetic Voice and Transnational Identity in The Night Watchman
指導教授:吳怡萍吳怡萍引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yi-ping Wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄第一科技大學
系所名稱:口筆譯研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:英文
論文頁數:99
中文關鍵詞:自我翻譯轉譯自由詩歌翻譯跨國認同《守夜人》余光中
外文關鍵詞:freedom-in-tropingself-translationpoetry translationtransnational identityThe Night WatchmanYu Kwang-chung
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余光中是當代台灣和大陸最重要的詩人之一,同時也是一位傑出的譯者,出版多本詩集和翻譯作品。在他的譯作中,最具特色的就屬《守夜人》,這本中英雙語的自譯詩集,收錄余光中近五十年來的85首作品。本研究針對余光中的美學與翻譯觀點分析《守夜人》一書中的譯詩選擇和翻譯策略,並藉由詩的音樂性、創意翻譯的轉喻自由、詩作主題、意象及典故等面向,來探討詩人截然不同的聲音如何彰顯於自譯作品之中。我們運用關聯理論分析余光中的自譯作品是否達到釋意相似,其翻譯策略與技巧是否在目的語文化中能達到最佳關聯。研究結果顯示,余光中在譯文中賦予不同的押韻方式,增添原作中沒有的音樂性,此一作法可讓目的語讀者透過譯文的音樂性,找出原作的顯義和隱義,在閱讀理解時達到最佳關聯。此外,余光中跨越原文和譯文之間的不變性,其具創意性的自譯作品不受傳統詩歌翻譯形與義的限制,並且融合中英語言符碼與文化元素,流露出獨特的跨國認同。余光中雙語翻譯的詩論證實,自我翻譯能為詩歌翻譯帶來新的觀點與創作,並在當代文化交流及文化再現中呈現新視野和新意義。
As one of the most important poets in Taiwan and mainland China today, Yu Kwang-chung is also an eminent translator at the same time. He has composed many poems and published a lot of excellent translation works. Among all his translation works, The Night Watchman (2004) is the most distinctive one, which is a bilingual translation of his own 85 poems written in the last five decades. This thesis aims at a study of how Yu’s aesthetic view and literary agenda shapes his selection of the source texts and choice of translation strategies in The Night Watchman. The development of poetic voice is examined within the aspects of rhythmic proclivity, imagery and allusion, subject matter of writing, and creative translation as freedom-in-troping. Relevance Theory is also applied to find out whether his choice of translation strategy and technique is able to achieve optimal relevance in the target language culture. The findings in this study reveal that Yu puts a lot of emphasis and efforts on rhythmical proclivity by employing various kinds of rhymes to redeem the musicality of the translation. Optimal relevance is achieved by means of recognizing and interpreting the shared explicatures and implicatures. Although Yu tends to render both the original and translation invariants, his rewriting of the original defies the finitude of form and meaning imbued with poetry translation. Moreover, Yu’s self-translation also brings to realization a mixing of language codes and a unique transnational identity of literary language. He speaks, in particular, of the aesthetics of bilingualism and cultural plurality. What the poetics of Yu’s bilingual translation confirms for us is that translation, which is a strong form of expression in the context of bilingualism, takes on a new dimension and meanings in poetry translation, contemporary cultural interaction and representation.
摘要 i
Abstract ii
Acknowledgements iv
Table of Contents v
List of Tables vi

Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 The Biography of Yu Kwang-chung 2
1.2 Yu’s Poetic styles in Different Periods 5
1.3 Yu Kwang-chung’s Translation Works 10
1.4 Criteria for Poem Selection 15
1.5 Outline of the Thesis 17

Chapter 2 Literature Review 19
2.1 Self-Translation 19
2.1.1 Self-Translator as Translator 20
2.1.2 Examples of Famous Self-Translators 21
2.2 Yu’s Aesthetic Views on Literary Translation 23
2.2.1 Yu’s Viewpoints on Translation 24
2.2.2 Yu’s Self-Translation 32
2.3 Relevance Theory 37
2.3.1 Direct and Indirect Translation 38
2.3.2 Interpretive Resemblance 40
2.3.3 Contextual Effects and Processing Effort 41

Chapter 3 Translating in Different Voices 44
3.1 Rhythmic Proclivity 44
3.2 Creative Translation as New Poem 64

Chapter 4 Constructing Transnational Identity 75
4.1 Subject Matter of Writing 75
4.2 Imagery and Allusion 80
4.3 New Vision on Self-Identity 85

Chapter 5 Conclusion 90
5.1 New Perspectives on the Practice of Poetry Translation 90
5.2 Significance of This Research 93
5.3 Limitations of This Research 93
5.4 Future Research/Perspectives 94

REFERENCES(English) 95
REFERENCES(Chinese) 97

List of Tables
Table 4.1 Categories of Subject Matter .76
REFERENCES (English)
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