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研究生:池慧琳
研究生(外文):Hui-Lin Chih
論文名稱:應變職涯態度與工作決策效能之關係研究-主動職涯行為與職業自我概念具體化之中介效果
論文名稱(外文):The Study of Relationship between Protean Career Attitude and Job Decision Effectiveness: The Mediating Effect of Proactive Career Behavior and Vocational Self-concept Crystallization
指導教授:吳思達吳思達引用關係
指導教授(外文):Szu-Ta Wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄應用科技大學
系所名稱:人力資源發展系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:254
中文關鍵詞:應變職涯態度工作決策效能主動職涯行為職業自我概念具體化
外文關鍵詞:protean career attitudejob decision effectivenessproactive career behaviorvocational self-concept crystallization
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本研究旨在探討在職員工之應變職涯態度與工作決策效能之關係,並探究主動職涯行為與職業自我概念具體化在此關係中的中介效果。本研究以國內之在職員工為研究對象,總計發出600份問卷,回收457份有效問卷,回收率達76.17%。透過描述性統計、積差相關、階層迴歸與路徑分析,獲得以下分析結果:

一、國內在職員工具有主動管理職涯的應變職涯態度及主動職涯行為,職業自我概念具體化程度中上,工作決策效能現況佳。
二、國內在職員工之應變職涯態度、工作決策效能、主動職涯行為,以及職業自我概念具體化之間呈正相關,其中又以職業自我概念具體化與工作決策效能之相關性較高。
三、應變職涯態度、主動職涯行為與職業自我概念具體化皆有效預測工作決策效能,其中又以職業自我概念具體化之預測效果較佳。
四、主動職涯行為與職業自我概念具體化在應變職涯態度與工作決策效能之關係中皆具有部份中介效果,其中又以職業自我概念具體化之中介效果較強。
五、應變職涯態度、工作決策效能與主動職涯行為,以及應變職涯態度、工作決策效能與職業自我概念具體化,具有路徑模式,在職員工可透過主動職涯行為與職業自我概念具體化,配合應變職涯態度,提昇工作決策效能。

根據研究結果,提供創造多元工作/職涯發展機會、定期諮商等、釐清個人價值觀、積極採取主動網絡行為、以等比例方式進行樣本抽樣、探討其他影響工作決策效能之因素等建議,以供企業組織、在職員工及未來研究參考之用。
The study aims at investigating the relationship between protean career attitude and job decision effectiveness, and the mediating effect of proactive career behavior as well as vocational self-concept crystallization. The study sample were employees in Taiwan. A total of 600 questionnaires were distributed, 457 valid surveys were returned, the returning rate is 76.17%. By using descriptive statistics, Pearson, hierarchical regression, and path analysis, the findings of this study are summarized as following:

1.Employees in Taiwan have active protean career attitude and proactive career behavior to career management, the degree of vocational self-concept crystallization is above the average, and their job decision effectiveness are good.

2.Taiwan employees’ protean career attitude, job decision effectiveness, proactive career behavior as well as vocational self-concept crystallization are positive related to each other, especially the relation between vocational self-concept crystallization and job decision effectiveness is stronger.

3.Protean career attitude, proactive career behavior and vocational self-concept crystallization can predict job decision effectiveness, especially the vocational self-concept crystallization.

4.Proactive career behavior and vocational self-concept crystallization have partially mediating effect in the relationship between protean career attitude and job decision effectiveness, especially the vocational self-concept crystallization.

5.The path analysis model of the relationships among protean career attitude, proactive career behavior and job decision effectiveness, as well as protean career attitude, vocational self-concept crystallization and job decision effectiveness have good fit. Promoting by proactive career behavior and vocational self-concept crystallization, employees could forward job decision effectiveness through protean career attitude.

According to the findings above, the researcher provides suggestions such as creating diversity opportunities of job/ career development, holding regular consultation, clarifying personal value, taking proactive networking behavior actively, a ratio of equality sampling, and investigating other factors that influence job decision effectiveness, for organizations, employees and future research.
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
謝誌 III
表目錄 V
圖目錄 VII
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的 7
第三節 名詞釋義 8
第四節 研究範圍與限制 10
第二章 文獻探討 13
第一節 應變職涯態度之概念與實證研究探討 13
第二節 工作決策效能之概念與實證研究探討 47
第三節 主動職涯行為之概念與實證研究探討 54
第四節 職業自我概念具體化之概念與實證研究探討 78
第五節 應變職涯態度、主動職涯行為、職業自我概念具體化與工作決策效能之關係 103
第三章 研究方法 113
第一節 研究架構 113
第二節 研究假設 115
第三節 研究工具 116
第四節 研究對象 133
第五節 資料處理與分析 137
第四章 研究結果與討論 139
第一節 應變職涯態度、主動職涯行為、職業自我概念具體化與工作決策效能之現況 139
第二節 應變職涯態度、主動職涯行為、職業自我概念具體化與工作決策效能之相關分析 143
第三節 主動職涯行為與職業自我概念具體化在應變職涯態度與工作決策效能關係之中介效果驗證 151
第四節 應變職涯態度、主動職涯行為、職業自我概念具體化對工作決策效能之路徑模式 159
第五章 結論與建議 169
第一節 結論 169
第二節 建議 174
參考文獻 179
一、 中文部分 179
二、 英文部分 184
附錄 197
附錄一 專家效度問卷 199
附錄二 專家回饋意見 219
附錄三 預試問卷 237
附錄四 預試問卷企業對象名稱 241
附錄五 正式問卷 243
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