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研究生:張怡文
研究生(外文):Yi-Wen Chang
論文名稱:工作狂傾向前因探討之研究─以高科技產業工程師為例
論文名稱(外文):A Study on the Antecedents of Workaholism on Engineers in High-tech Industry
指導教授:董玉娟 博士
指導教授(外文):Dr. Yu-Chuan Tung
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄應用科技大學
系所名稱:人力資源發展系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:91
中文關鍵詞:工作狂學習行為競爭氣候成就動機高科技工作狂內驅力高產能高技術
外文關鍵詞:WorkaholismLearning BehaviorCompetitive ClimateAchievement MotivationtestAND
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隨著科技的進步,帶動了全球化發展。對此,企業不可避免的就是激烈的競爭與快速的變動,其因應之道為透過高產能、高技術以優秀的專業人才獲取競爭優勢。處在競爭環境中的員工,為求生存也不得不投入更多的心力於工作中。這使得工作狂傾向隨著競爭而日益強烈,在學術、業界也受到更多的關注。工作狂的研究一般集中在後果變項的探討,在前因變項的研究中又大多集中研究人格特質,然而,社會學習理論也提供了工作狂在邏輯上可解釋的構想,卻較少有相關之實證研究。本研究將補足此缺口,探討主管與同儕工作狂行為對員工工作狂傾向之影響,以及團隊競爭氣候和個體成就動機對員工工作狂傾向之影響。
觀看現今台灣產業發展的狀況,高科技產業之工程師絕對是一群影響台灣企業走向的人才,也是攸關台灣企業在大環境下能否生存的關鍵因素。然而,他們嚴重超時工作,也是近幾年來台灣社會重視之問題。本研究之研究對象為高科技產業工程師,共收集了47個有效團隊樣本,並以層級線性模型(HLM)驗證假設。本研究結果發現:
1. 主管工作狂行為對員工工作狂傾向有顯著的正向關係。
2. 同儕工作狂行為對員工工作狂傾向有顯著的正向關係。
3. 團隊的競爭氣候對工作狂傾向之樂在工作、內驅力的假設驗證並未成
立;然而,後續利用每周工時加以驗證,發現競爭氣候對員工投入工
作的心力(如,時間)確實有影響。
4. 個體成就動機對員工工作狂傾向有顯著的正向關係。
The advance of technology brings the development to global market. Thus, it is ineluctable from intense competition and rapid changes to the company. Due to the competitive circumstances, high efficiency, advanced technology, and talent professionals are all necessary for acquire advantages of competition. Naturally, employees have to work harder and harder to adapt to the competitive environment. The trend of workaholism will rise as the competition becomes stronger and stronger, and this trend is paid more and more attention both in academics and industry. Previous researches of workaholism mostly focus on consequences than antecedents. In previous studies on antecedents, personal traits draw a lot of attention. However, learning theory could also logically illustrate the formation of workaholism. Thus, learning theory is included in the present study. Workaholism which are influenced by the workaholism behaviors of supervisors and peer, team competitive climate, and individual achievement motivation are researched in the present study.
The engineers in high-tech industry will lead the direction of industries in Taiwan and also are the key factor of affecting business’ survival in the future. However, the problem of working over time is highly concerned in recent years. The subjects of this study are engineers in high-tech industry. This study collected a valid sample of 47 team, and used hierarchical linear model to test our hypotheses. The findings in this study are as follows:
1. The workaholism behaviors of supervisors have a significantly positive effect on employees’ workaholism.
2. The workaholism behaviors of peer have a significantly positive effect on employees’ workaholism.
3. The hypothesis of team competitive climate has effect on Work Enjoyment and Driven of Workaholism is not proved, but the following research on weekly working hours suggested that competitive climate has affected on the employees’ effort on work(such as working time).
4. Achievement motivation has a significantly positive effect on employees’ workaholism.
摘要 I
Abstract II
誌 謝 IV
目 錄 IV
表 目 錄 VI
圖 目 錄 VII
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第三節 研究流程 5
第二章 文獻探討 6
第一節 工作狂 6
第二節 學習行為 18
第三節 競爭氣候 24
第四節 成就動機 28
第三章 研究方法 38
第一節 研究架構與假設 38
第二節 研究變相之操作型定義與衡量 40
第三節 研究對象與資料收集過程 43
第四節 資料分析方法 47
第五節 信度與效度分析 51
第四章 實證分析與討論 55
第一節 團體資料內部一致性檢定 55
第二節 相關分析 57
第三節 模式及假設驗證 59
第四節 研究假設驗證結果 62
第五章 結論與建議 63
第一節 研究結論 63
第二節 實務之意涵與建議 66
第三節 研究限制與後續研究建議 69
參考文獻 71
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