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研究生:曾甯甯
研究生(外文):Ling-Ling Tseng
論文名稱:求職者社會資本與使用就促方案關係之研究-內外控人格特質與成就動機之調節作用
論文名稱(外文):Exploring the Relationship between Job Seeker΄s Social Capital and the Use of Employment Promotion Programs:The Moderating Effects of Locus of Control and Achievement Motivation.
指導教授:黃瓊慧黃瓊慧引用關係
指導教授(外文):Dr. Chiung-Hui Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄應用科技大學
系所名稱:人力資源發展系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:95
中文關鍵詞:公共就業社會資本內外控人格特質成就動機
外文關鍵詞:The public employment, social capital, locus of contro
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公共就業模式係透過公部門大規模的就業創造計畫,希望能在短期內舒緩失業問題,培養並維持失業者的就業能力,並協助迅速再就業。由此,本研究為探討使用公共就業方案之民眾,在方案期間所累積之社會資本,與其使用公共就業方案之關聯性。本研究以高屏澎東區就業服務中心轄區內,使用公共就業方案之民眾為實證研究對象,採用問卷調查法收集資料,共計發放520分問卷,有效問卷407份,有效回收率為78%。研究發現:
ㄧ、社會資本與使用公共就業方案次數具有顯著正向關係。
二、年齡與使用公共就業方案次數具有正向關係;教育程度與使用公共就業方案次數具有負向關係;已婚者使用公共就業方案次數多於未婚者。
三、內控人格特質傾向與使用公共就業方案次數間具有正向關係;外控人格特質傾向與使用公共就業方案次數間具有負向關係。
四、成就動機與使用公共就業方案次數沒有顯著關係。
五、內控人格特質增加社會資本與使用公共就業方案次數之間的正向關係。
六、外控人格特質、成就動機在與社會資本與使用公共就業方案次數間不具調節效果。
The public employment patterns ease the unemployment problem in the short term, reduce the pressure on the unemployed life, develop and maintain the employability of the unemployed, and assist rapid re-employment through large-scale publics sectors’ job creation programs. Therefore, this study explored the relationship between the social capital which is accumulated during the programs’ social capital and the use of public employment programs.
The samples were collected by the people who had used the public employment programs in the Employment Service Centre of Kaohsiung-Pingtung-Penghu-Taitung Region. A total of 520 questionnaires, were used and 407 valid questionnaires were completed. The effective rate was 78%. The results indicated:
1、There has a significant positive relationship between the social capital and the times of using the public employment programs.
2、There has a positive relationship between age and the times of using the public employment programs. Besides, there has a negative relationship between education and the times of using the public employment programs. In addition, married use more times of the public employment programs than singles.
3、There has a positive relationship between internal control and the times of using the public employment programs. Besides, there has a negative relationship between external control and the times of using the public employment programs.
4、There has no signification relationship between achievement motivation and the times of using the public employment programs.
5、Internal control increases the positive relationship between social capital and the times of using the public employment programs.
6、External control and achievement motivation have no moderating effect between social capital and the times of using the public employment programs.
中文摘要 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ i
英文摘要--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ii
誌謝--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- iii
目錄--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- iv
表目錄------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ vi
圖目錄------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ vii
第一 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究動機 3
第三節 研究目的 6
第二章 文獻探討 7
第一節 我國促進就業措施-公共就業模式 7
第二節 社會資本 15
第三節 內外控傾向人格 25
第四節 成就動機 31
第五節 各研究變項關係之推論 40
第三章 研究設計與方法 44
第一節 研究架構 45
第二節 研究假設 46
第三節 研究變項操作性定義與衡量工具 46
第四節 研究樣本與資料蒐集方法 55
第五節 樣本特性分析 56
第六節 資料處理與分析方法 58
第四章 研究結果 59
第一節 各研究變項之描述性分析 59
第二節 個人特徵在各研究變項間之差異性分析 61
第三節 各研究變項間之相關分析 69
第四節 各研究變項間之迴歸分析 72
第五節 研究假設結果彙整 75
第五章 討論與建議 76
第一節 理論意涵 76
第二節 管理實務意涵及建議 79
第三節 研究限制與未來研究建議 82
參考文獻 84
附錄 91
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