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研究生:陳亞駿
研究生(外文):Ya-Jyun Chen
論文名稱:能源消費與碳排放特性之關聯-以台北市為例
論文名稱(外文):Energy Consumption Patterns and Its Linkage to Carbon Emission in Taipei
指導教授:魯真魯真引用關係
口試委員:渥頓劉鋼
口試日期:2011-07-29
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:行銷學系所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:行銷與流通學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:70
中文關鍵詞:台北市能源消費碳排放型態分析
外文關鍵詞:Taipei CityEnergy consumptionCarbon emissionProfile analysis
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台北市自從2004年開始施行節能減碳政策,但碳排放量仍逐年增加、改善程度有限。民眾的直接能源消費型態,包括電能、天然氣、水、汽柴油,將是溫室氣體排放的來源。本研究從消費面進行分析,從家計單位的能源消費型態,探究能源消費與碳排放之連結。

文獻指出消費行為在碳排放責任上的負擔,在直接能源消費中,家庭為主要的單位,政府應該利用政策干擾影響個人的能源消費行為,以導正市場模型的外部性。本研究透過量化與質性方法,以資料為導向,分析台北市家庭能源消費行為與結果,探究溫室氣體排放增加之背後形成原因。台北市碳排放結構以住商部門與運輸部門為主,能源的主要消費者是家庭單位。

第一部分透過型態分析,對台北市1999年到2005年,八年總體資料進行分析,包括家庭收支調查、能源統計、以及溫室氣體排放資料的分析,探究台北市家計單位在能源消費上的變化。結果顯示家庭用電、汽柴油的消費為台北市主要碳排放之形成原因,本研究透過質性方法探究能源消費量成長背後之因素。第二部份透過紮根理論的程序對台北市民進行訪談,分析家庭能源消費之概念,建構台北市家庭能源消費之行為模式,了解能源使用之形成原因。總共在訪問28名台北市民後達成理論性飽和,經過紮根理論的譯碼程序取出內在動機、個人決策考量、訊息傳遞、政府政策推行、行為改變等五個主要範疇,為形成最終能源消費量成長之主要因素。因此政府部門應設計更有效的政策方案,增加個人在節能減碳行為上之迫切性。


In response to the crucial issues in climate change, Taipei City government has been taking action since 2004. Even if the policy has been implemented still shows an upward emission trend in Taipei City. People require the use of energy to meet the needs of daily life, so that the households should be an important target group in this issue. Whether the household energy consumption has the linkage to the carbon emission in Taipei city? This article aims to address this issue by providing the information of the patterns of energy use from the consumption perspective.

Energy use is an outcome of the certain consumption behavior. To better interpret the understanding of the cause of macro-level increase in the amount of energy consumption, this research takes both quantitative and qualitative approach. It helps to explore the complex nature of household energy consumption behavior. We conduct the data-driven studies, which focus on the underlying patterns in the data.

The quantitative methodology analyzes 8-year longitudinal data by Profile Analysis. The consumption patterns of electricity, natural gas, water, and motor oil will be discussed. And based on the grounded theory procedure, 28 respondents were interviewed in the qualitative study. By analyzing the interview data, we construct the Fishbone Diagram of energy consumption behavior in Taipei city. As a result, the effect of the consumption of electricity and motor oil use is the major contribution to the emissions in Taipei City. The research also indicate five major categories of energy consumption behavior, including internal motivation, personal consideration, information dissemination, governmental policy execution, and behavioral change. In conclusion, policy makers should implement effective intervention program to increase the urgency of individual adoption of the carbon reduction and energy conservation behavior.


中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
表目錄 V
圖目錄VI
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究問題 10
第三節 研究動機與目的 12
第二章 文獻回顧 13
第一節 減碳行動的經濟效果 13
第二節 節能減碳行為 15
第三節 家庭消費與環境衝擊 17
第三章 研究方法 18
第一節 研究設計 18
第二節 分析方法 20
第四章 分析結果與討論 25
第一節 次級資料描述 25
第二節 型態分析結果 39
第三節 訪談研究結果 47
第四節 討論 54
第五章 結論與建議 56
第一節 結論 56
第二節 建議 57
附錄 行政院主計處家庭收支調查(調查表格式) 63


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