跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.236.23.193) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/24 12:32
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:王舒郁
研究生(外文):Shu-yu Wang
論文名稱:工作風險對世代間行業選擇之影響-以製造業為例
論文名稱(外文):The Impact of Job Risks on the Industry Choice across younger and older cohort:Empirical Evidence from Taiwan''s Manufacturing Industry
指導教授:黃麗璇黃麗璇引用關係
指導教授(外文):Li-hsuan Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:經濟學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:63
中文關鍵詞:條件式logit補償性薪資差異性別差異世代差異行業選擇工作風險
外文關鍵詞:cohort differenceconditional logit modelindustry choicejob riskcompensating wage differentialsgender difference
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:424
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
在面臨工作風險時,不僅六、七年級世代具有不同的刻板印象,男、女性別也普遍被認為存在差異,然而,台灣的相關研究卻仍相對缺乏。本文利用補償性薪資差異與條件式logit模型(conditional logit model),透過民國88年至98年的主計處人力運用調查以及勞委會勞動檢查資料,探討工作風險對於世代與性別間行業選擇之影響,並更進一步分析從事高風險職業工作者之反應。
本文實證結果顯示:台灣六、七年級世代對於工作風險的偏好確實存在差異,而且從事高風險職業工作者的偏好亦有所不同,但整體而言,七年級世代對於行業風險特性的反應普遍高於六年級生,惟性別差異會隨世代的推進而有逐漸縮小的趨勢。再者,不佳的工作風險、工作條件與環境將大幅降低台灣勞工進入電子資訊業的機率。
This research employs Taiwan''s Manpower Utilization Survey and Labor Inspections data from 1999 to 2009 to investigate the effect of job risk on industry choice. Following the literature review, compensating wage differentials and conditional logit model is adopted. We aim to understand the impact of job risk on industry choice across younger and older cohort. In addition, we decompose the cohort data by gender to analyze the differences between the males and the females. Moreover, we limit the sample to workers in occupations of relatively higher risk in order to discussing the occupation reaction.
The main findings of this paper include the following: (1) the reaction of job risk is different between the younger and the older cohorts, although the result deviates if samples in risky occupations are employed; (2) in general, risk attributes have greater impacts on younger cohort, and the gender differences bridge by cohort; (3) disamenity industry attributes, such as higher job risk and violation in labor inspection, decrease the probabilities of entering the Electronic Information industry.
中文摘要 ……………………………………………………………………………… i
英文摘要 ……………………………………………………………………………… ii
誌謝 ……………………………………………………………………………… iii
目錄 ……………………………………………………………………………… iv
圖目錄 ……………………………………………………………………………… vi
表目錄 ……………………………………………………………………………… vii
一、 緒論 ………………………………………………………………………… 1
1-1 研究動機與目的 …………………………………………………………… 1
1-2 研究架構 …………………………………………………………………… 2
二、 文獻回顧 …………………………………………………………………… 3
三、 實證研究方法………………………………………………………………… 8
四、 資料來源、變數定義與分析 ……………………………………………… 11
4-1 資料來源 …………………………………………………………………… 11
4-2 變數建構與樣本基本資料分析 …………………………………………… 13
4-2-1 行業風險特性變數………………………………………………… 14
4-2-2 個人特性變數……………………………………………………… 19
4-3 樣本建構 …………………………………………………………………… 23
五、 實證結果分析與預測 ……………………………………………………… 24
5-1 世代 ………………………………………………………………………… 24
5-1-1 實證估計結果……………………………………………………… 24
5-1-2 邊際效果-失能傷害嚴重率、失能傷害頻率…………………… 26
5-1-3 邊際效果¬-勞工勞動條件、勞工安全衛生檢查初查不合格…… 27
5-1-4 小結………………………………………………………………… 29
5-2 世代與性別 ………………………………………………………………… 29
5-2-1 邊際效果-失能傷害嚴重率、失能傷害頻率…………………… 29
5-2-2 邊際效果¬-勞工勞動條件、勞工安全衛生檢查初查不合格…… 31
5-2-3 小結………………………………………………………………… 33
5-3 高風險職業之實證分析 …………………………………………………… 34
六、 結論與研究限制 …………………………………………………………… 39
6-1 結論 ………………………………………………………………………… 39
6-2 研究限制 …………………………………………………………………… 40
參考文獻 ……………………………………………………………………………… 41
附錄一 ………………………………………………………………………………… 44
附錄二 ………………………………………………………………………………… 45
附錄三 ………………………………………………………………………………… 46
附錄四 ………………………………………………………………………………… 47
附錄五 ………………………………………………………………………………… 49
附錄六 ………………………………………………………………………………… 51
[1]Adamchik, V. A. and Bedi, A. S., “Wage Differentials between the Public and the Private Sectors: evidence from an economy in transition”, Labour Economics, Vol. 7, pp203-224, 2000.
[2]Atkinson, S. M., Baird, S. B. and Frye, M. B., “Do Female Mutual Fund Managers Manage Differently?”, Journal of Financial Research, Vol. 26, pp1-18, 2003.
[3]Bellante, D. and Link, A. N., “Are public sector workers more risk averse than private sector workers?”, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 34(3), pp408-412, 1981.
[4]Biddle, J. E. and Zarkin, G. A., “Worker Preference and Market Compensation for Job Risk”, The Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 70(4), pp660-667, 1988.
[5]Boskin, M. J., “A Conditional Logit Model of Occupational Choice”, The Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 82(2), pp389-398, 1974.
[6]Boverie, E., Scheuffele, J. and Raymond, L., “Multimethodological Approach to Examining Risk-taking”, Current Psychology, Vol. 13(4), pp289-302, 1995.
[7]Brown, R. S., Moon, M. and Zoloth, B. S., “Occupational Attainment and Segregation by Sex”, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 33(4), pp506-517, 1980.
[8]Cramer J. S., Hartog J., Jonker, N. and Van Praag, C. M., “Low Risk Aversion Encourages the Choice for Entrepreneurship: An Empirical Test of a Truism”, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Vol.48, pp29-36, 2002.
[9]Daniel, C. and Sofer, C., “Bargaining, Compensating Wage Differentials, and Dualism of the Labor Market: Theory and Evidence for France”, Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 16(3), pp546-575, 1998.
[10]DeLeire, T and Levy, H., “Worker Sorting and the Risk of Death on the Job”, Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 22, pp925-953, 2004.
[11]Eckel, C. and Grossman, P. J., “Sex Differences and Statistical Stereotyping in Attitudes Toward Financial Risk”, Evolution and Human Behavior, vol. 23(4), pp281-295, 2002.
[12]Evans, L. and Wasielewski, P., “Risky Driving Related to Driver and Vehicle Characteristics”, Accident Analysis & Prevention, Vol. 15, pp121-136, 1983.
[13]Filer, R. K., “Male-Female Wage Differences: The Importance of Compensating Differentials”, Industrial and Labor Relations Review Vol. 38(3), pp426-437, 1985.
[14]Finucane, L., Slovic, P., Mertz, C. K., Flynn, J. and Satterfield, A, “Gender, Race, and Perceived Risk: The White Male Effect”, Health, Risk & Society, Vol.2, pp159-172, 2000.
[15]Grazier, S. and Sloane, P. J., “Accident Risk, Gender, Family Status and Occupational Choice in the UK”, Labour Economics, Vol. 15, pp938-957, 2008.
[16]Halek, M and Eisenhauer, J. G., “Demography of Risk Aversion”, The Journal of Risk and Insurance , Vol. 68(1), pp1-24, 2001.
[17]Hamermesh, D. S. and Wolfe, J. R., “Compensating Wage Differentials and the Duration of Wage Loss”, NBER Working Paper No. 1887, pp175-197, 1990.
[18]Hersch, J.,” Compensating Differentials for Gender-Specific Job Injury Risks”,The American Economic Review, Vol. 88(3), pp598-607, 1998.
[19]Jianakoplos, N. A. and Bernasek, A.,”Are Women More Risk Averse?”, Economic Inquiry, Vol. 36, pp620-630, 1998.
[20]Kim, S. W. and Fishback, P. V., “The Impact of Institutional Change on Compensating Wage Differentials for Accident Risk: South Korea, 1984-1990”, Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Vol. 18(3), pp231-248, 1999.
[21]Kniesner, T. J. and Leeth, J. D., “Compensating Wage Differentials for Fatal Injury Risk in Australia, Japan, and the United States”, Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Vol. 4(1), pp75-90, 1991.
[22]Kostiuk, P. F., “Compensating Differentials for Shift WorkAuthor”, The Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 98(5), pp1054-1075, 1990.
[23]Leeth, J. D. and Ruser, J., “Compensating Wage Differentials for Fatal and Nonfatal Injury Risk by Gender and Race”, Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Vol. 27(3), pp257-277, 2003.
[24]Liu, J. T. and Hammitt, J. K., “Perceived Risk and Value of Workplace Safety in a Developing Country”, Journal of Risk Research, Vol. 2, pp263-275, 1999.
[25]McCrate, E., “Flexible Hours, Workplace Authority, and Compensating Wage Differentials in the US”, Feminist Economics, Vol. 11(1), pp11-39, 2005.
[26]McNabb, R., “Compensating Wage Differentials: Some Evidence for Britain”, Oxford Economic Papers, Vol. 41(2), pp327-338, 1989.
[27]Moretti, E., “Do Wages Compensate for Risk of Unemployment? Parametric and Semiparametric Evidence from Seasonal Jobs”, Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Vol. 20(1), pp45-66, 2000.
[28]Olson, C. A., “An Analysis of Wage Differentials Received by Workers on Dangerous Jobs”, The Journal of Human Resources, Vol. 16(2), pp167-185, 1981.
[29]Orazem P. F. and Mattila, J. P., “Human Capital, Uncertain Wage Distributions, and Occupational and Educational Choices”, International Economic Review, Vol. 32, pp103-122, 1991.
[30]Powell, M. and Ansic, D., “Gender differences in risk behaviour in financial decision-making: An experimental analysis”, Journal of Economic Psychology, Vol. 18, pp605-628, 1997.
[31]Schmidt, P. and Strauss, R. P.,”The Prediction of Occupation Using Multiple Logit Models”, International Economic Review, Vol. 16(2), pp471-486, 1975.
[32]Siebert W. S. and Wei, X., “Compensating Wage Differentials for Workplace Accidents: Evidence for Union and Nonunion Workers in the UK”, Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Vol. 9(1), pp61-76, 1994
[33]Smith, A., “An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations”, Campbell R. H., Oxford University Press, London , 1976.
[34]Thaler, R. and Rosen, S., “The Value of Saving a Life: Evidence from the Labor market”, NBER Studies in Income and Wealth no. 40, pp265-298, 1976.
[35]Turner C. and McClure, R., “Age and Gender Differences in Risk-taking Behaviour as an Explanation for High Incidence of Motor Vehicle Crashes as a Driver in Young Males”, International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, Vol. 10, pp123-130, 2003.
[36]Villanueva, E., “Estimating Compensating Wage Differentials Using Voluntary Job Changes: Evidence from Germany”, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 60(4), pp544-561, 2007.
[37]Viscusi, W. K., “The Value of Risks to Life and Health”, Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 31(4), pp1912-1946, 1993.
[38]趙宏斌,「人力資本投資收益-風險與大學生擇業行為」,北京師範大學學報(社會科學版),119-125頁,2004。
[39]謝孟芳,「性別、家庭背景及職業興趣對國中資優班學生教育及職業選擇影響之研究」,特殊教育文集(七),1至32頁,2002。
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top