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研究生:林慧蘭
研究生(外文):Lin, Hueilan
論文名稱:台灣地區失業率與國民健康之關聯
論文名稱(外文):The relationship between unemployment rate and national health in Taiwan.
指導教授:陳俊志陳俊志引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chen, Chunchih
口試委員:陳欽賢田維華
口試委員(外文):Chen, ChinshingTian, Weihua
口試日期:2011-07-15
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北大學
系所名稱:經濟學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:60
中文關鍵詞:失業率死亡率固定效果模型
外文關鍵詞:unemploymentmortalityfixed effect model
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:4
  • 點閱點閱:639
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:42
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
經濟的進步,帶動台灣公共衛生、醫療保健與國民生活水準的提升,使得現今國民主要死因與早年的台灣相比差異甚大。景氣波動不只對就業者的影響,也會使因失業造成其家庭的可支配所得的運用,進而影響到個人與家庭成員的健康。

本研究利用民國 86 至 97 年行政院衛生署之「死因檔」與行政院主計處之「台灣地區社會指標統計年報」與「台灣地區家庭收支調查報告」,建構台灣地區 23個縣市失業率與各種疾病死亡率的追蹤資料(panel data),利用「固定效果模型」(fixed effect model)探討景氣波動對於對死亡率的影響。

在控制各縣市的特徵變數以及時間效果之後,實證結果發現,發現失業率變動對於 25-44 歲青壯年的死亡率影響最大,失業率對於 25-44 歲總死亡率、25-44歲意外事故死亡率與 25-44 歲慢性肝病與肝硬化死亡率都呈負相關。而糖尿病死亡率在三個年齡層與失業率都有顯著正相關,顯示失業率對於慢性疾病死亡率仍有其影響。顯示失業率對於死亡率之影響會因為死因類別的不同而有不同的變動。
In this study, we examined the total mortality and eight of the ten sources of fatalities and unemployment rates in Taiwan from 1997 to 2008. We also focused on the correlation between total mortality and eight of the ten sources of fatalities in Taiwan and the annual unemployment rates during the study period. In this paper, we establish the panel data of county’s mortality and county’s unemployment rate for the period 1997-2008. We depart from previous studies by looking at the mortality of cohorts of different ages, and we use fixed effect model to control for heterogeneity.

The results show that under the control of year effect and county characteristic
variables, the unemployment rates is positive and statistically significantly correlated with diabetes mortality in 25-44 year olds, 45-64 year olds, and age 65 or older. Since young adults have the highest rates of labor force participation and are most affected by unemployment rate in fatalities are largest for them. We also find that the unemployment is negative and statistically significantly correlated with total mortality, accident mortality and chronic liver disease and cirrhosis mortality in 25-44 year olds.
目錄

第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 6
第二章 文獻回顧 7
第一節 前言 7
第二節 景氣與國民生理健康 7
第三節 景氣與心理健康的關聯 12
第四節 小結 13
第三章 實證模型 14
第一節 前言 14
第二節 固定效果模型 15
第四章 資料來源與變數說明 16
第一節 資料來源 16
第二節 變數說明 17
第五章 實證結果說明 26
第一節 前言 26
第二節 各縣市總死亡率與主要死因死亡率 26
第三節 各縣市總死亡率與主要死因死亡率─依年齡層分 30
第四節 小結 44
第六章 結論 45
參考文獻 48
附錄 52

中文文獻
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吳惠淨(2003),「糖尿病患運動模式與運動醫囑遵從性之研究─質性研究」,國立陽明大學衛生福利研究所碩士論文。
何千惠(2004),「第二型糖尿病患者自我效能及社會支持與遵依囑行為之相關研究-以台北縣某區域教學醫院為例」,國立台灣師範大學衛生教育研究所碩士論文。
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林俊宏、邱震寰、陳映燁、郭千哲、陳喬琪、黃蒂、林純綺(2006),「臺北市自殺企圖者之特徵」,北市醫學雜誌,3(10),67-75。
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黃久美(1993),「糖尿病患者家庭支持、醫病關係、疾病壓力與遵醫囑行為相關研究」,國立台灣師範大學衛生教育所碩士論文。
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