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研究生:蔡語棠
研究生(外文):Yu-Tang Tsai
論文名稱:專利訴訟案件特質、廠商資源與資訊揭露之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Characteristics of Patent Litigation Cases, Firm Resources, and Information Disclosure
指導教授:彭玉樹彭玉樹引用關係欒錦榮欒錦榮引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yu-Shu PengChin-Jung Luan
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立東華大學
系所名稱:國際企業學系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:61
中文關鍵詞:資訊揭露展望理論資源基礎理論專利訴訟企業資源
外文關鍵詞:information disclosureprospect theoryresource-based theorypatent litigationfirm resources
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近年來智慧財產權已經成為企業經營相當重視的ㄧ環,而專利侵權訴訟,更常作為先發制人的商業手段之一。過去的研究,多半從公司治理的角度探討資訊揭露(的程度,甚少以展望理論的觀點探討專利侵權訴訟中的資訊揭露情形。為彌補這方面的缺口,本研究將公司治理構面作為控制變數,探討外在的訴訟案件特質以及內在的廠商資源特質,對於被告廠商的資訊揭露之影響。本研究以2008年至2010年期間,台灣公開發行公司的被告廠商之訴訟事件為研究對象。最後的研究樣本分布於17個產業,包含了152筆訴訟事件,以賽局模型及邏輯斯迴歸作為實證的分析工具。研究結果發現,外在的訴訟案件特質中的四個因子,包括一對多告訴、多處告訴、ITC告訴、專利權公司均對資訊揭露有顯著影響,但內在廠商資源特質的四個因子當中,僅商譽和負債比率對資訊揭露有顯著負向影響。
Nowadays, Intellectual property is a curcial component of firm strategy. For example, patent litigation is increasling used as a strategy to obtain pre-emptive competitive advantage. Previous studies on information disclosure of patent litigation events pay more attention to the facet of corporate governance, while less to prospect theory. In order to fill this theoretical gap, this thesis regards the corporate governance mechaism as a control variable. The characteristics of patent litigation cases and firm resources are used to predict the defendant’s intention of information disclosure of the patent litigation event.

This study selected the defendants of Taiwanese publicly held corporations covering the time period from 2008 to 2010. The final sample consitsts of 152 litigation cases from 17 industries. Game theory model and the logistic regression were employed to test the proposed hypotheses. The results show that the four factors of the outside characteristics of patent litigation cases would significantly influence the defendant’s willing to disclosure relevent information about patent infringemnt events. In addition, the present study finds goodwill and debt ratio, two of the four firm resoure variables, are negatively related to the intention of information disclosure.
摘要 ---------------------------------------i
Abstract-------------------------------------ii
目錄 -------------------------------------iii
表目錄 -------------------------------------v
圖目錄 ------------------------------------vi
第一章、 緒論 ----------------------------1
第一節 研究目的與研究問題 -------------------1
一、 研究目的 ----------------------------1
二、 研究問題 ----------------------------3
第二節 研究範圍與限制 ---------------------5
第三節 研究流程 ---------------------------6
第二章、 文獻探討 ------------------------7
第一節 資訊揭露 --------------------------7
一、 資訊揭露與公司治理 --------------------7
二、 資訊揭露與專利訴訟之關聯性 ------------8
第二節 展望理論 -------------------------10
一、 關於展望理論之內涵 ------------------10
第三節 透過賽局模型說明展望理論與資訊揭露之關連-13
一、 有形報酬價值與資訊揭露之關連 ------------13
二、 無形報酬價值與資訊揭露之關連 ------------18
第四節 企業資源能力與訴訟回應的關聯性---------21
第五節 研究架構 -------------------------23
第三章、 研究方法 -----------------------25
第一節 實務訪談 -------------------------25
一、 影響專利侵權訴訟發生之因素--------------25
二、 專利侵權訴訟對被告公司之影響-------------26
三、 訴訟體系對專利侵權訴訟的影響-------------27
四、 總結 -------------------------------27
第二節 研究對象與資料蒐集--------------------30
一、 研究對象與期間 ----------------------30
二、 樣本選取標準 -----------------------30
第三節 變數之操作性定義與衡量 ----------------33
一、 應變數 -----------------------------33
二、 自變數 -----------------------------33
三、 控制變數 ---------------------------35
第四節 資料分析方法 ----------------------38
一、 敘述性統計 -------------------------38
二、 邏輯斯廻歸分析 ----------------------38
第四章、 實證結果與討論 ------------------39
第一節 樣本特性分析 ----------------------39
一、 樣本組成 ---------------------------39
二、 敘述性統計分析 ----------------------42
三、 樣本檢定與分析 ----------------------45
第二節 迴歸分析與假說檢定結果 ----------------47
第五章、 討論與建議 -------------------------51
第一節 研究結論 --------------------------51
第二節 研究貢獻與管理意涵 -----------------53
一、 研究貢獻 ----------------------------53
二、 管理意涵 ----------------------------53
第三節 研究限制與後續研究建議 ----------------55
一、 研究限制 ----------------------------55
二、 後續研究建議 ---------------------------55
參考文獻 -----------------------------------57
一、 中文文獻 ----------------------------57
二、 資料庫及網站 ---------------------------58
三、 英文文獻 ----------------------------59
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