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研究生:紀孝儒
研究生(外文):Ji, Xiao-Ru
論文名稱:協調者備援與資料分流機制在Zigbee網路
論文名稱(外文):Backup Coordinator and Coordinator Data Traffic Shunt Model in Zigbee
指導教授:曾俊元
指導教授(外文):Chinyang Henry Tseng
口試委員:黃俊穎莊東穎
口試委員(外文):Chun-Ying HuangTong-Ying Juang
口試日期:2013-06-27
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:45
中文關鍵詞:Zigbee;PAN;協調者;BCG;CDTS
外文關鍵詞:ZigbeePANCoordinatorBCGCDTS
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
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  • 下載下載:15
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Zigbee網路中,協調者(Coordinator)的工作是形成PAN(Personal area network)和代表轉發全部資料給資料收集端(Sink)。每一個PAN只能有一個協調者因此明顯地協調者成為網路瓶頸。這導致兩種網路可靠性議題: 協調者無法運作將癱瘓PAN網路服務和PAN網路不能處理大量資料流,因為這些資料必須經過協調者處理。這些問題可能會造成大量的資料遺失,在一些重要的服務上是不可允許,尤其在即時監控系統上。本文第一部分提出Backup Coordinator Group (BCG) model和backup coordinator 的新設計為了解決網路可靠性議題。實驗結果顯示 BCG 設計提供更好的封包傳送率比原本的Zigbee 設計。協調者故障造成資料傳輸中斷在短時間內恢復,而不是永久性故障。因此,BCG成功地解決資料遺失問題因為協調者無法正常運作。本文第二部分提出和CDTS layer設計為了解決網路擴充性議題。實驗結果顯示在Sink節點throughput增加時,CDTS會提供更好的封包傳送率和擴充性以及較低的協調者負載,比原本的 Zigbee stack的結果更好。因此 CDTS 成功解決 Zigbee的瓶頸問題和完全兼容目前 Zigbee stack 設計。
In a Zigbee network, the role of coordinator is constructing a PAN (Personal Area Network) and is responsible for forwarding all the sensed data in that PAN to Sink, the backend server. Each PAN must have only one coordinator, and obviously the coordinator becomes the bottleneck, which results in two network reliability issues: the failure of the coordinator will paralyze PAN network service, and the PAN network cannot handle the large amount of data traffic which must go through the coordinator. These issues can cause large amount of data loss, which cannot be allowed in some critical services, especially real-time monitoring systems. The first part of this paper proposes Backup Coordinator Group (BCG) model with the new design of backup coordinator in order to solve the network reliability issue. Experimental results show that the BCG design provides better packet delivery ratio than the original Zigbee design. The interrupted data transmission caused by the coordinator failure restores back in a short period of time instead of permanent failure. Therefore, BCG successfully resolves the data lost issue due to the coordinator failure. The second part of this paper proposes Coordinator Data Traffic Shunt (CDTS) Group model with the design of CDTS layer in order to solve the network scalability issue. Experimental results show that while the throughput of the Sink node increases, the CDTS design provides better packet delivery ratio and lower coordinator loading than original Zigbee stack. Therefore, CDTS successfully resolves the bottleneck issue and is fully compatible with the current Zigbee stack design.
目錄
ABSTRACT I
目錄 II
圖目錄 IV
表目錄 V
第 1 章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機 4
1.3 研究目的 5
1.4 論文架構 6
第 2 章 相關研究 7
2.1 IEEE 802.15.4 / ZIGBEE PROTOCOL STACK 7
2.2 改進AODV, TREE-ROUTING, LOAD-BALANCING在ZIGBEE網路 10
2.3 協調者無法正常運作和負載過重問題的研究 12
第 3 章 設計模型 13
3.1 NOTATION 14
3.2 ZIGBEE BACKGROUND NETWORK ANALYSIS 14
3.3 REQUIREMENT 16
第 4 章 BACKUP COORDINATOR GROUP (BCG) 18
4.1 BCG 18
4.2 BACKUP COORDINATOR DESIGN 20
4.2.1 Listen 20
4.2.2 Binding 24
4.3 LISTEN和BINDING方法總結 27
第 5 章 BCG 實驗結果 28
第 6 章 COORDINATOR DATA TRAFFIC SHUNT (CDTS) GROUP 31
6.1 CDTS GROUP 31
6.2 CDTS LAYER 32
6.3 CDTS 總結 34
第 7 章 CDTS GROUP 實驗結果 35
7.1 EMBEDDED SYSTEM 36
7.2 NS2 39
第 8 章 結論 40
參考文獻 42
著作權聲明 45

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