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研究生:林孝錦
研究生(外文):Xiao-Jin Lin
論文名稱:雙酚A與有機廢棄物共消化產物再利用評估
論文名稱(外文):Utiligation of anaerobic digestate of biephenol A with organic municipal solid waste
指導教授:羅煌木
指導教授(外文):Huang-Mu Lo
口試委員:林昭遠林國清劉敏信
口試委員(外文):Chao-Yuan LinKuo-Ching LinMin-Hsin Liu
口試日期:2014-07-11
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:朝陽科技大學
系所名稱:環境工程與管理系
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:37
中文關鍵詞:有機廢棄物資源化雙酚A壬基酚發芽率
外文關鍵詞:Recycling of organic wastesBisphenol ANonyl Phenol;Germination percentage
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本研究探討雙酚A與有機廢棄物批次式厭氧消化影響,針對不同濃度的影響以及消化產物的再利用評估:根據本研究結果顯示,批次式厭氧消化,污泥活性與BPA濃度成反比,濃度越低被抑制效果越差,BPA濃度10 ppm產氣量以幾乎與控制組相同,有研究顯示BPA與有機固體廢棄物共消化使用半批次進出有機固體廢棄物基質,持續操作以後,BPA濃度10、100 ppm可促進污泥活性1~2.46倍(吳,2013),但本研究使用批次試驗則無促進反應產生。發芽試驗結果顯示,純污泥500 ppm發芽速率最快,根據產氣量活性趨勢判斷,因500 ppm之污泥活性遭到抑制,有機物消耗量降低,造成最終消化產物有機物含量較其他濃度高,而造成發芽率之影響。
This study explores the influence of bisphenol A and batch anaerobic digestion of organic solid waste, in view of the influence of different concentration and reuse evaluation of digestive products: according to the result of this study, it indicates that batch anaerobic digestion, activity of anaerobic sludge is in inverse proportion to concentration of BPA, the lower concentration, the poorer inhibited effect. The gas production rate of 10 ppm concentrations of BPA is almost the same as the inhibition group. There are research shows that BPA and organic solid waste takes semi-batch operation, feed and discharge with substrate of organic solid waste, after continuous operation, 10, 100 ppm concentration of BPA can accelerate activity of anaerobic sludge of 1~2.46 times(Wu, 2013). However, this study makes batch experiments and can’t find any accelerating reaction. The result of germination test indicates that when the percentage of pure anaerobic sludge is 500 ppm, the germination percentage is the fastest. Judged according to the activity trends of gas production rate, since the activity of 500 ppm anaerobic sludge is inhibited, the consumption of organic materials reduces, makes the concentration of organic material content of the final digestion product higher than others, and affect the germination percentage.
總目錄
中文摘要 ....................................................................................................... I
Abstract..................................................................................................... II
誌謝 ........................................................................................................ III
總目錄 ....................................................................................................... IV
表目錄 .................................................................................................... VII
圖目錄 .................................................................................................. VIII
第一章 前言 .................................................................................... 1
1.1 研究緣起 .................................................................................................. 1
1.2 研究目的 ................................................................................................. 1
第二章 文獻回顧 ................................................................................................ 2
2.1 厭氧消化系統 ......................................................................................... 2
2.1.2 厭氧消化影響因子 ....................................................................... 4
2.2 環境荷爾蒙(Environmental hormones, EHs) ................................... 8
2.2.1 雙酚A (Bisphenol A, BPA) .................................................. 11
2.2.2 雙酚A的環境分布 .................................................................... 12
2.2.3 雙酚A處理技術應用 ................................................................ 14
2.3 都市有機廢棄物特性 ........................................................................... 16
2.3.1 都市有機廢棄物之物理組成 ..................................................... 16
2.3.2都市有機廢棄物之化學組成 ...................................................... 18
第三章 實驗材料與方法 .................................................................................. 20
3.1 實驗架構 ................................................................................................ 20
3.2 實驗材料 ................................................................................................ 21
3.2.1 雙酚A(Bisphenol A, BPA) ................................................ 21
3.2.2 污泥馴養 ................................................................................. 21
3.2.3 種子發芽試驗 ......................................................................... 22
3.3 分析方法 ................................................................................................ 22
3.3.1 產氣量 ..................................................................................... 22
3.3.2 酸鹼值(pH)......................................................................... 22
3.3.3 導電度(EC) ........................................................................ 22
3.3.4 種子發芽率(germination percentage)................................ 23
第四章 結果與討論 .......................................................................................... 24
4.1批次式有機廢棄物與BPA共消化參數分析 ............................... 24
4.1.1 批次式有機廢棄物與BPA共消化每日產氣量趨勢圖 .... 24
4.1.2批次式有機廢棄物與BPA共消化pH值變化比較 ........... 26
4.1.3批次式有機廢棄物與BPA共消化EC值變化 .................. 27
4.1.4批次式有機廢棄物與BPA累積產氣量變化...................... 28
4.2批次式有機廢棄物與BPA共消化產物發芽實驗評估 ............... 29
4.2.1批次式BPA共消化產物發芽趨勢(純消化產物) ......... 29
4.2.2批次式BPA共消化產物發芽趨勢(消化產物混合培養土) ........................................................... 30
第五章 結論 ................................................................................................... 31
5.1 結論 .................................................................................................... 31
參考文獻 ...................................................................................................... 32

表目錄
表2-1 微生物之營養需求 .................................................................................. 6
表2-2 生物所需微量元素及其機能 ................................................................. 7
表2-3 世界各國雙酚A環境流布 ................................................................... 13
表2-4 垃圾之物理組成性質............................................................................ 17
表2-5 垃圾之化學組成性質............................................................................ 19
表3-1 實驗材料 .............................................................................................. 21
表3-2 雙酚A基本物化特性 ........................................................................... 21

圖目錄
圖2-1 厭氧消化程序的生物代謝途徑 ............................................................. 2
圖2-2 環境荷爾蒙對正常內分泌系統之影響 ................................................. 9
圖2-3 正常荷爾蒙和部分仿雌激素之化學結構 ........................................... 10
圖2-4雙酚A化學結構 .................................................................................... 12
圖3-1實驗流程圖 ............................................................................................. 20
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