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研究生:黃姮惠
研究生(外文):Huang, Heng Hui
論文名稱:不同城鄉學生組成之線上讀書會對於閱讀成效的影響研究
論文名稱(外文):The Effects of Urban and Rural Group Members in On-line Reading Groups on Reading Performance
指導教授:陳志銘陳志銘引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chen, Chih Ming
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:圖書資訊學數位碩士在職專班
學門:傳播學門
學類:圖書資訊檔案學類
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:85
中文關鍵詞:城鄉差距偏遠地區線上讀書會文學圈閱讀成效
外文關鍵詞:rural-urban disparityonline reading groupliterature circlereading comprehension
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本研究透過網路通訊平台Skype經營線上讀書會,讓偏遠地區學童與來自不同區域的學童進行閱讀討論活動,藉此觀察研究對象之間的互動討論情形與討論的對話內容層次,以探究偏遠地區學童與來自不同城鄉區域的學童組成線上讀書會,對於閱讀成效的影響。本研究之實驗對象共分為三組,實驗組一為偏鄉地區與都會地區國小六年級學童各2名,合計4名之國小六年級學童;實驗組二為偏鄉地區不同國小六年級學童各2名,合計4名之國小六年級學童;對照組為偏鄉地區相同國小共4名之國小六年級學童。本研究在實驗前後實施閱讀理解測驗,並針對各組線上讀書會的討論對話進行內容分析,實驗結束後再針對研究對象進行半結構式訪談。研究結果歸納如下:
一、基於文學圈經營線上讀書會為一可行之線上合作學習模式
二、偏遠地區學童與都會地區學童的線上讀書會成員的異質組合,有助於提升偏遠地區學童的閱讀理解成效
三、偏遠地區學童與都會地區學童的線上讀書會成員組合,有助於激發高層次之討論對話
四、同為偏遠地區但不同學校的線上讀書會成員組合,有助於營造愉快的討論氣氛
五、在討論對話中,偏遠地區學童發表高層次思考型問答以及使用推理用語的次數越多,其閱讀理解成效越好
本研究之研究結果可作為教師基於同步討論經營有效線上讀書會的實施模式參考,也對於有興趣於線上讀書會的研究者提供許多值得探究的研究方向。

In order to explore the possibility of using information and communication technology to help the children in rural areas and the effects of rural-urban disparity on collaboration learning, this study organizes three online reading groups with different compositions of group members by implementing Literature Circles, a student-led and structured book club. The members of experiment group1 are 2 sixth graders from a rural school and 2 sixth graders from an urban school. The members of experiment group2 are 4 sixth graders. All of them are from rural schools but half of them are from a different school. The members of the control group were 4 sixth graders. All of them are classmates in a rural school. The results of reading comprehension tests and the dialogues of three groups are analyzed to collect quantitative data. A semi-structured interview is conducted to collect qualitative data.
The research outcomes shows that the heterogeneous group of rural-urban students could best improve the reading comprehension of rural students and produce high level thinking dialogues. In addition, the group of rural students from different schools could conduct the dialogues in the most delightful atmosphere among all three groups.
Based on the research outcomes, relevant applications or in-depth researches could be further preceded in the future.

目錄
謝辭 I
摘要 III
英文摘要 V
目錄 VI
圖目錄 VIII
表目錄 X
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 前言 1
第二節 研究背景與動機 1
第三節 研究目的與問題 6
第四節 研究範圍與限制 7
第五節 名詞解釋 7
第二章 文獻探討 10
第一節 城鄉差距對於學習的影響 10
第二節 讀書會在教學上的應用 16
第三節 讀書會的經營模式 21
第四節 內容分析法 27
第三章 研究方法與實驗設計 31
第一節 研究架構 31
第二節 研究對象 33
第三節 研究方法 34
第四節 研究工具 40
第五節 實驗設計 41
第六節 資料處理分析 47
第七節 研究流程 47
第四章 實驗結果分析 49
第一節 實驗背景說明 49
第二節 閱讀理解測驗分析結果 49
第三節 討論過程內容分析 50
第四節 主要偏鄉研究對象學童閱讀理解測驗分數與討論對話表現的相關性分析 67
第五節 訪談資料分析 69
第六節 觀察與討論 73
第五章 結論與建議 75
第一節 結論 75
第二節 建議 77
參考文獻 79
附錄一 半結構式訪談大綱 87


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