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研究生:李函容
研究生(外文):Han-jung Lee
論文名稱:比較小說與字幕翻譯策略:以《清秀佳人》為例
論文名稱(外文):A Comparative Study of Novel Translation and Subtitle Translation in Anne of Green Gables
指導教授:唐傑夫唐傑夫引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jeffrey E. Denton
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄第一科技大學
系所名稱:應用英語系口筆譯碩士班
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:英文
論文頁數:114
中文關鍵詞:改編字幕翻譯小說翻譯清秀佳人翻譯策略比較
外文關鍵詞:Anne of Green Gablessubtitle translationcomparison of translation strategiesadaptation of filmnovel translation
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小說與電影的改編在文學和電影市場一直佔有重要地位,每一年在台灣上映的電影或影集許多都改編自文學作品。由於小說以及電影、影集為不同類型的媒介,較少學者將小說及影視的翻譯策略一同比較,目前大多研究主要探討單一媒介的翻譯策略,例如科幻小說翻譯策略、言情小說翻譯策略、或者單一電影的字幕翻譯研究。本論文以經典文學《清秀佳人》為研究範本,探討以及比較《清秀佳人》中文翻譯小說、中文影集以及電影版小說的對話翻譯,進一步了解小說與影集在改編過程中,其翻譯策略有何不同。因此本文從下列假設中進行研究:〔1〕媒介的限制如何影響譯者的翻譯策略;〔2〕媒介的類型如何影響譯者的翻譯策略。本文採取比較分析法以及質性研究方式,將小說中的對話及影集字幕中相同及相似的樣本進行比較和分析,探討其翻譯策略上的差異,再將差異進行歸類。研究結果發現在不同長度的對話裡,小說翻譯及字幕翻譯使用減譯策略的程度皆不同;其二,研究結果也發現,文本類型的不同會影響小說及字幕的翻譯風格和格式。研究結論為字幕翻譯及小說翻譯研究學者提供初步探討,期望後起者在研究範圍裡能有更深入的探究。
The trend of novels adapted into films has been popular in the film industry for years. Few studies have been conducted to compare translation strategy dissimilarities between novels and subtitles. Such research mainly focuses on novels or films individually, both types yet to be discussed and compared collectively. This study aims to compare the translation strategy differences between the novel and the subtitles, based on the classic literature Anne of Green Gables. The dialogues in the translated novels, the adapted miniseries and the adapted novel of Anne of Green Gables are collected as the research materials. The research questions discussed in this thesis include: (1) How do the restraints in the media affect the strategic differences? (2) How far apart are the translation strategies between novels and subtitles? The comparative analysis method and qualitative research method are adopted to further elaborate the translations and arrive at the results of how restraints and different text types affect the strategic dissimilarities in the novel translation and subtitle translation in adaptations. The findings to the first question show that deletion and condensation strategies are adopted variously in different lengths of the dialogues in the novel and subtitle translations. Text type differences also affect the translation strategies in the novel and subtitle including their style and form. This study aims to motivate future research to engage in similar discussions concerning adaptation and translation, and provide examples as references for novel and subtitle translators.
Abstract i
摘要 ii
Acknowledgments iii
Table of Contents iv
List of Tables vi
List of Figures vii
List of Examples viii
CHAPTER 1: Introduction 1
1.1 Books vs. Screen 1
1.2 Research Purpose and Structure 3
1.3 Background Information of Anne of Green Gables 5
1.3.1 The Author of Anne of Green Gables 6
1.3.2 The Adaptation—Book and Screen 6
CHAPTER 2: Literature Review 9
2.1 Katharina Reiss—Text Typology 9
2.2 Peter Newmark—Text Types and Translation Methods 11
2.3 Macrostrategies and Microstrategies 15
2.3.1 Macrostrategies 16
2.3.2 Microstrategies 19
2.4 Subtitle Translation Research 20
2.4.1 Novels vs. Films 20
2.4.2 Subtitle Translation 21
2.5 Challenges of Literary Translation and Subtitle Translation 24
CHAPTER 3: Methodology 26
3.1 Data Collection and Analysis 26
3.1.1 Description of Research Data 27
3.1.2 Research Data Collection 29
3.2 Sample Text Analysis Approach 30
3.2.1 Source vs. Target—Macrostrategies and Microstrategies 31
3.2.2 Restraints—The Length of The Dialogue 44
3.3 Discussion of Methodology 45
CHAPTER 4: Findings and Discussion 47
4.1 Sample Text Analysis—From Book to Screen 47
4.1.1 Short Dialogue Findings 48
4.1.2 Medium Dialogue Findings 54
4.1.3 Long Dialogue Findings 64
4.2 Sample Text Analysis—From Screen to Book 76
4.2.1 Form and Wording 77
4.2.2 Addition Strategy with Parenthesis 83
4.3 Summary 86
CHAPTER 5: Conclusion 89
5.1 Contributions 89
5.1.1 Style 92
5.1.2 Form 94
5.2 Limitations 96
5.3 Recommendations 97
References 99
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