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研究生:黃德宗
論文名稱:高齡者的健康狀況、健康相關行為 對快樂感的影響
論文名稱(外文):The Effects of Health Status and Health-related Behavior on Happiness of Elderly
指導教授:林鴻洲 博士
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:社會教育學系
學門:教育學門
學類:普通科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:91
中文關鍵詞:高齡者健康狀況健康相關行為快樂感
外文關鍵詞:elderlyhealth statushealth-related behaviorhappiness
相關次數:
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本研究目的在探討台灣地區55歲以上高齡者的健康狀況、健康相關行為對快樂感的影響,採橫斷性研究,分析2011年台灣社會變遷調查計畫第六期第二次健康組的資料。結果發現:有71%的高齡者自覺健康狀況良好;平均慢性病數目為0.76種;有57.9%的高齡者有規律運動習慣;79.4%有每天攝取蔬果;77.7%每天睡眠時數為6-8小時;有分別70%與76%的高齡者不抽煙與不喝酒;而快樂感的平均數為5.16(李克特七度量尺)。

而人口變項中的「已婚」、「自覺經濟狀況」與「教育程度」;健康狀況中的「自覺健康狀況」與「看醫生頻率」;健康相關行為中的「運動」、「蔬果攝取」與「睡眠時數」在快樂感得分上有顯著差異。健康狀況中的「慢性病數目」、「自覺健康狀況」與「看醫生頻率」;健康相關行為中的「運動」與「蔬果攝取」與快樂感呈現相關。「自覺經濟狀況」、「教育程度」、「自覺健康狀況」與「運動」此四個變項是高齡者快樂感的預測因子,可解釋快樂感總變異數的25.5%。
由以上研究結果得知,對於高齡者而言,若保持良好的健康狀況及規律的運動,即能提昇其快樂感。

The purpose of this study is to explore the effects of health status and health-related behavior on happiness of elderly. The method of this study employed the cross-sectional study, and employed the data from Taiwan Social Change Survey which was executed by Academia Sinica from 2011 to 2012 in order to investigate happiness of elderly. The results were as follows: 71% of elderly deem that self-perceived health status is good. The average number of chronic disease is 0.76. 57.9% of elderly maintain regular exercise, and 79.4% of them intake vegetables and fruits every day. Furthermore, 70% of elderly do not smoke and 76% of them do not drink. The average of happiness is 5.16 out of 7.

The elderly’s “marriage,” “self-perceived economic status,” and “education” significantly influence happiness. The “self-perceived health status” and “frequency of medical seeking” of health status significantly influence happiness; in addition, the “exercise,” “intake vegetables and fruits,” and “sleep duration” of health-related behavior also significantly influence happiness. The “self-perceived health status” of health status has a positive correlation on happiness, and the “exercise” and “intake vegetables and fruits” of health-related behavior also have positive correlations on happiness. However, “number of chronic diseases” and “frequency of medical seeking” of health status have negative correlations on happiness. “Self-perceived economic status,” “education,” “self-perceived health status,” and “exercise” were predictors of the happiness, accounting for 25.5% of total variance.

According to results, keeping good health and maintaining regular exercise could help elderly bring more happiness.

中文摘要………………………………………………………………………… I
目錄 ……………………………………………………………………………… II
圖目錄 …………………………………………………………………………… V
表目錄 ………………………………………………………………………… VI
第一章 緒論………………………………………………………………… 1
第一節 研究背景與研究動機…………………………………… 1
第二節 研究目的與研究問題…………………………………… 6
第三節 名詞釋義………………………………………………………… 7
第二章 文獻探討………………………………………………………… 9
第一節 快樂感……………………………………………………………… 9
第二節 高齡者的健康狀況 ……………………………………… 16
第三節 健康相關行為 ……………………………………………… 23
第三章 研究方法 ……………………………………………………… 33
第一節 研究架構與研究假設 ………………………………… 33
第二節 資料來源 …………………………………………………………36
第三節 變項說明與樣本分佈情形 ………………………… 39
第四節 分析方法 ……………………………………………………… 49
第四章 研究分析與討論 ………………………………………… 50
第一節 高齡者人口變項對快樂感的差異 …………… 50
第二節 高齡者健康狀況對快樂感的差異 …………… 55
第三節 高齡者健康相關行為對快樂感之差異 ………58
第四節 健康狀況、健康相關行為與快樂感之相關…62
第五節 高齡者的快樂感之預測因子分析………………… 64
第五章 研究結論與建議 …………………………………………… 67
第一節 研究結論 ………………………………………………………… 67
第二節 研究建議 ………………………………………………………… 71
參考文獻 ………………………………………………………………………… 74
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