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研究生:張詣歆
研究生(外文):Chang, Yi-Hsin
論文名稱:社會凝聚力對幸福感的影響-台灣實證研究
論文名稱(外文):The Impact of Social Cohesion on Happiness - an Empirical Study for Taiwan
指導教授:楊子菡楊子菡引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yang, Tzu-Han
口試委員:蔡明璋楊文山
口試委員(外文):Tsai, Ming-ChangYang, Wen-Shan
口試日期:2014-01-10
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北大學
系所名稱:財政學系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:財政學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:59
中文關鍵詞:幸福感社會凝聚力公民參與社會運動
外文關鍵詞:HappinessSocial Cohesioncivil participationsocial movement
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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  • 下載下載:11
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
由於幸福感已成為近幾年來的熱門議題,許多國際組織如經濟合作暨發展組織(OECD)、歐洲聯盟(EU)及英國、丹麥、不丹都陸續把幸福感做為國家經濟及福利指標之一,台灣在這波潮流下也於2013年公佈台灣的國民幸福感指數。然而影響幸福感的因素很多,尤其台灣的社會運動和社團參與自1987年解除戒嚴後就快速蓬勃發展,因此我們想探討台灣社會凝聚力對幸福感的影響。我們將社會凝聚力分成三個面向分別是社會關係、正面情感連結及關注公共事務,並以八個社會凝聚力變數(公平感、認同感、政治影響力、信任感、社會互助感-公共事務、社會互助感-鄰居事務、公民影響力及社會影響力)來看對幸福感的影響。
 
本研究使用台灣社會變遷調查資料,研究期間從西元1995年至西元2010年,並且利用Ordered Probit Model來進行個別年度以及合併年度的資料分析,實證結果顯示,社會凝聚力變數如公平感、政治影響力、信任感、社會互助感及社會影響力對幸福感的影響都是正向顯著的。未來政府可以透過這些社會凝聚力變數制訂政策方針來提升人民之幸福感。



Happiness has become one of the most popular international issues in recent years. Many international organizations and countries such as Organization for Economic Corporation and Development, the European Union, Bhutan, Denmark, and United Kingdom include the happiness index into the macroeconomic index as a supplement. There are many factors affecting happiness especially some social elements, such as civil participation and social movements which have occurred more often after the removal of the Martial Law in 1987. In this study we explore the impacts of social cohesion on happiness by dividing social cohesion into three aspects, i.e., social relations, social connectedness and orientation towards the common good. By controlling the demographic factors, we use eight social cohesion variables: sense of fairness, self-identity, political influence, trust, sense of mutual assistance in public affairs, sense of mutual assistance in helping neighbors, civil influence and social influence, to analyze the impacts of social cohesion on happiness.

By using the Taiwan Social Change Survey data in the years of 1995, 2000, 2005, and 2010, we find that social cohesion indices such as sense of fairness, self-identity, political influence, trust, sense of mutual assistance and social influence have positive and significant effects on happiness. These empirical results can provide important information for government to design public policy in order to increase the happiness of Taiwanese people.

目錄
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第三節 研究方法與架構 7
第二章 文獻回顧 8
第一節 幸福感相關文獻 8
第二節 社會凝聚力相關文獻 11
第三節 社會凝聚力與幸福感相關文獻 15
第三章 理論基礎與模型設定 16
第一節 理論基礎 16
第二節 模型設定 18
第四章 資料來源與變數分析 21
第一節 資料來源 21
第二節 變數定義 21
第三節 敘述統計 29
第五章 實證結果分析 39
第一節 西元1995-2010大樣本實證結果 39
第二節 西元1995-2010中樣本實證結果 43
第三節 西元1995-2010小樣本實證結果 46
第六章 結論與建議 51
第一節 結論 51
第二節 未來研究方向與建議 53
第二節 資料限制 53
參考文獻 55

中文文獻

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英文文獻

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