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研究生:謝璧蓮
研究生(外文):Pi-Lien Hsieh
論文名稱:探討家戶消費型態-菸品支出的角色
論文名稱(外文):A Study of Household Consumption Patterns - the Role of Tobacco Expenditure
指導教授:鄭凱文鄭凱文引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kai-Wen Cheng
口試委員:蔡憶文許績天
口試委員(外文):Yi-Wen TsaiJi-Tian Sheu
口試日期:2014-05-21
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:健康政策與管理研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:公共衛生學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:76
中文關鍵詞:吸菸家戶菸品支出家戶消費型態
外文關鍵詞:Smoking HouseholdsTobacco ExpendituresHousehold Consumption Patterns
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目的:探討菸品支出在臺灣家戶消費型態中所扮演的角色。
方法:採用行政院主計總處所發布之家庭收支調查數據,以2001年至2011年做為樣本資料。除使用描述性、卡方統計與單項式變異數分析探討歷年家戶吸菸率及樣本家戶特性之外,並以片段邏輯斯回歸分析探討菸品支出對於家戶資源分配之影響。
結果:吸菸家戶比例自2001年的53%下降至2011年的38%。吸菸家戶在食物、教育、儲蓄、保健及醫療、娛樂消遣和其他支出的花費顯著低於非吸菸家戶;而吸菸家戶在酒品、非酒精飲料和交通及通訊支出的花費顯著多於非吸菸家戶。高菸品支出家戶比低菸品支出家戶在食物、其他、教育、儲蓄的支出皆有顯著的減少;反之高菸品支出家戶比低菸品支出家戶在酒品、非酒精飲料、交通及通訊方面的支出顯著上升。
結論:臺灣家戶菸品支出雖然僅佔家庭可支配所得1.5%,但菸品花費仍會影響家庭預算投入儲蓄和教育等重要資源的多寡,並可能增加酒品的支出,進而對整體家庭成員造成基本生活開銷短缺的經濟負擔。

目 錄
口試委員會審定書………………………………………………………… Ⅰ
誌謝 ……………………………………………………………………… Ⅱ
摘要 ……………………………………………………………………… Ⅲ
Abstract ………………………………………………………………… Ⅵ
目錄 ……………………………………………………………………… Ⅴ
圖目錄 …………………………………………………………………… Ⅶ
表目錄 …………………………………………………………………… Ⅷ
第一章 緒論 ……………………………………………………………… 1
第一節 研究背景 ……………………………………………………… 1
第二節 研究動機 ……………………………………………………… 3
第三節 研究重要性 …………………………………………………… 5
第四節 研究目的 ……………………………………………………… 6
第二章 文獻回顧 ………………………………………………………… 7
第一節 菸品累退性 …………………………………………………… 7
第二節 補償性行為 …………………………………………………… 9
第三節 各國家戶菸品支出與其消費型態的情形 …………………… 10
第四節 臺灣家戶菸品支出與其消費型態的情形 …………………… 16
第五節 小結 …………………………………………………………… 17
第三章 材料與方法 ……………………………………………………… 19
第一節 研究架構 ……………………………………………………… 19
第二節 研究資料來源 ………………………………………………… 20
第三節 樣本選取 ……………………………………………………… 22
第四節 研究變項定義與測量 ………………………………………… 23
第五節 分析方法 ……………………………………………………… 27
第四章 研究結果 ………………………………………………………… 29
第一節 歷年家戶吸菸率之趨勢分析 ………………………………… 29
第二節 2009-2011整體家戶與各菸品支出狀態家戶其消費類別分析 31
第三節 家戶菸品支出對於各項消費類別的邊際效應 ……………… 36
第四節 依菸品支出狀態分析菸品支出與各項消費類別之比例差異 37
第五節 依所得狀態分析有無菸品支出對於各項消費類別之比例差異38
第五章 討論 ……………………………………………………………… 40
第一節 研究主要發現 ………………………………………………… 40
第二節 與相關研究比較 ……………………………………………… 43
第三節 研究限制 ……………………………………………………… 45
第四節 政策建議 ……………………………………………………… 47
第六章 結論 ……………………………………………………………… 49
第七章 參考文獻與參考資料 …………………………………………… 50
附錄一 家庭收支調查問卷 ……………………………………………… 64


圖目錄
圖3-1-1 菸品支出與各項類別支出佔可支配所得比例關聯性之研究架構 19
圖4-1-1 2001-2011 家戶吸菸率時間趨勢 ……………………………… 56
圖4-1-2 2001-2011 吸菸家戶其菸品支出佔可支配所得時間趨勢 …… 57
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表目錄
表4-1-1 2001-2011 家戶吸菸率時間趨勢 ……………………………… 56
表4-1-2 2001-2011 吸菸家戶其菸品支出佔可支配所得時間趨勢 …… 57
表4-2-1 2009-2011家戶資料特性之描述性分析 ……………………… 58
表4-2-2 2009-2011家戶資料特性之卡方分析、單項式變異數分析…… 59
表4-2-3 2009-2011依菸品支出狀態分類的家戶其各項消費類別……… 60
表4-3-1 吸菸家戶其菸品支出對於各項消費類別的邊際效應 ………… 61
表4-4-1 不同家戶菸品支出狀態分析菸品支出與各項消費類別的比例差異… 62
表4-5-1 不同家戶所得狀態分析吸菸家戶相較於非吸菸家戶對於各項消費類別的比例差異 ……………………………………………… 63

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