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研究生:Argo Hadi Kusumo
研究生(外文):Argo Hadi Kusumo
論文名稱(外文):Pattern Analysis of Fraud Case In Taiwan, China and Indonesia
指導教授(外文):Chia-Fen Chi
口試委員(外文):Chia-Fen Chi
外文關鍵詞:coding schemeflow diagramgraphical icon
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目前的研究分析,台灣,中國,印尼發生了125成功的詐騙案件2008至2012年出版的英文在線報紙。本病例報告是通過搜索在線報紙與術語“欺詐”和“騙局”獲得的。每個案例報告必須包括有關騙局的類型,騙子如何與受害人進行信息交換,以及如何騙徒取得未經授權的經濟利益,並判斷有關的其他附加信息。當關鍵信息是不能提供英文,作者將刊載於中國或印尼文報紙搜索相同的信息。傳統的欺詐行為,如貪污,保險詐騙,投資詐騙,魔術/特種電源的能力,以及交易被排除在目前的分析。一種編碼方案制定到每個欺詐信息的媒體,騙局類型(抽獎和頒獎,預收費,慈善事業,幫助他人,恐嚇/勒索,浪漫/關係,就業,不易察覺) ,和金錢傳媒方面進行分類。信息傳媒分為面對面,電話,互聯網,笊籬在ATM或POS機,以及雜誌/報紙,而媒體的錢被歸類為現金,支票,信用卡/借記卡,預付費卡的錢,電匯,網上支付服務,銀行賬戶的借方,產品和網上購物。比較分析了三個國家之間進行揭示的文化背景上的信息媒體,騙局類型和金錢的媒體使用的騙子引誘受害者的效果。一系列流程圖的是基於信息的媒體和媒體的錢建造,說明騙子如何與受害人進行信息交換和騙子如何獲取未經授權的經濟利益。類似的預防電擊傷的,每個流程圖都可以直接與可行的預防策略通過削減信息或資金流動聯繫在一起的。以提高在防止欺詐的通信有效性,圖形圖標被納入流程圖來說明該流程圖中的圖形方式。
The current study analyzed 125 successful fraud cases happened in Taiwan, China, and Indonesia from 2008 to 2012 published in the English online newspapers. The case reports were obtained by searching the online newspapers with the terms “fraud” and “scam”. Each of the case report must include information about scam type, how the fraudsters exchange information with the victims, and how the fraudsters obtain unauthorized financial benefit, and other additional information which is judged to be relevant. When critical information was not available in English, the authors would search the same information from newspapers published in Chinese or Indonesian language. Traditional frauds such as corruption, insurance scam, investment scam, magic/special power ability, and trading were excluded from the current analysis. A coding scheme is developed to classify each fraud in terms of information media, scam type (lottery and award, advance fee, charity, helping others, intimidation/extortion, romance/relationship, job, unnoticeable), and money media. Information media were classified into face to face, telephone, internet, skimmer in ATM or POS machine, and magazine/newspaper while money media was categorized into cash, check, credit/debit card, prepaid money card, wire transfer, online payment service, bank account debit, product, and online shopping. A comparison analysis was made between three countries to reveal the effect of cultural background on information media, scam type and money media used by the fraudsters to lure their victims. A series of flow diagrams was constructed based on the information media and money media to illustrate how the fraudsters exchange information with the victims and how the fraudsters obtain unauthorized financial benefit. Similar to the prevention of electrical injury, each of the flow diagrams can be directly linked with feasible prevention strategies by cutting the flow of information or money. To improve effectiveness in communication of fraud prevention, graphical icons were incorporated into the flow diagrams to illustrate the flow diagrams in a graphical manner.
1.1 Research Background
1.2 Research Objective
1.3 Research Scope and Constrain
1.4 Research Frame Work
2.1 Overview of Fraud
2.2 Online Newspaper
2.3 Classification Scheme
2.3.1 Victim’s Age
2.3.2 Type of Scam and Bait
2.3.3 Information Media
2.3.4 Money Media
2.4 Crosstabs Analysis
2.5 Flow Diagram
2.6 Prevention
3.1 Coding Schemes
3.2 Collecting the Case
3.3 Developing the Database
3.4 Analyzing Database with Crosstabs Analysis
3.5 Constructing Flow Diagram
4.1 Pattern Result
4.2 Flow Diagram Result and Prevention
4.2.1 Charity Fraud
4.2.2 Job Scam
4.2.3 Other Scam
4.2.4 Romance Scam
4.2.5 Scam type in one case (Romance scam– Lottery/award or intimidation)
4.2.6 Unnoticeable Scam
4.2.7 Intimidation Scam
4.2.8 Advance Fee Fraud/Lottery/Award Fraud
4.3 Phi Analysis
4.4 Fraud and Globalization
APPENDIX A Total Case Data in Taiwan, China, Taiwan
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