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研究生:張心雨
研究生(外文):Chang,Hsin-Yu
論文名稱:聯合新式樣專利與衍生設計專利之專利範圍研究
論文名稱(外文):The Patent Scope of Associated Design Patent and Derivative Design Patent
指導教授:陳重任陳重任引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chen,Rain
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:南台科技大學
系所名稱:數位內容與動畫設計研究所
學門:設計學門
學類:視覺傳達設計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:103
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:77
中文關鍵詞:聯合新式樣專利衍生設計專利專利範圍專利範圍分析圖
外文關鍵詞:associated design patentderivative design patentpatent scopedesign patent map
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隨著消費市場競爭日漸激烈,設計專利乃成為各產業逐漸重視的專利種類。近年來經濟部智慧財產局陸續進行專利法之修正,以期符合世界潮流。目前實施之新法針對設計專利相關的規範更趨嚴謹,有助於實質保障設計產業之創作產出。使我國商品能在市場上更具有競爭優勢。我國於2011年將專利法修正公布,並於2013年實施。其中,新法中將聯合新式樣專利制度廢除,並增設衍生設計專利制度,無疑是一重大的改革。
本研究係先以文獻分析法針對聯合新式樣專利與衍生設計專利探討兩者之間的差異性。為了將兩者於理論的差異性加以視覺化,以利探討兩者的專利範圍差異。本研究挑選一組已核准之設計專利案例,此案例為插座,並進行專業人員(專利專業人員、設計專業人員)的專利範圍建構實驗。實驗目的在於分別將聯合新式樣專利與衍生設計專利的專利範圍予以視覺化。本研究並將專利專業人員與設計專業人員建構之設計專利地圖結果進行比對。藉以分析聯合新式樣專利改變成衍生設計專利制度後,是否將擴大專利權範圍。
  本研究之結果如下:(1)從舊法之聯合新式樣專利改變成新法之衍生設計專利後,其專利權範圍確實有擴權之情形存在。(2) 聯合新式樣專利改變為衍生設計專利後,專利權人將可以更靈活的運用設計專利進行設計改款時的策略布局。(3) 建置設計專利地圖能更清楚聯合新式樣專利改變成衍生設計專利的專利權利分布狀況,亦可使設計師避免落入他人之現有專利權範圍中。
Because of the increasing competition in the consumer market, design patents are becoming an increasingly noteworthy patent type by the industries. To keep pace with international trends, the Intellectual Property Office of the Ministry of Economic Affairs has, in recent years, made various revisions to the Patent Act. The newly implemented amendment contains stricter rules for design patents, which helps provide substantial protection to the works produced by the design industry and enhance the competitiveness of the Taiwanese products in the market. The amended Patent Act of the Republic of China was announced in 2011 and implemented in 2013. An important reformation brought about by the revised Act, no doubt, is the abolishment of the Associated Design Patent and the introduction of the Derivative Design Patent.
In this study, a comparison was first made to identify the differences between the Associated Design Patent and the Derivative Design Patent, using documentary analysis methods. To visualize the differences between the two in terms of the theoretical aspect and furthermore facilitate the study of the differences between each patent scope, the researcher selects an approved case of design patent, which is concerned with a Power Outlet Patent. An experiment was conducted to examine the patent scopes constructed by the relevant professionals (the patent professionals and the design professionals). The objective of this experiment is to provide respective visual aids to illustrate the patent scopes of the Associated Design Patents and the Derivative Design Patents. A comparison has also been made to check the design patent maps constructed by the patent professionals and the design professionals. The purpose is to probe whether the development from the Associated Design Patent System to the Derivative Design Patent System has led to an enlarged patent scope.
The results of the study are: (1) An enlargement of the patent scope has been noticed following the change from the Associated Design Patent system to the Derivative Design Patent system. (2) After the movement from the Associated Design Patent system to the Derivative Design Patent system, the patentees are given higher flexibility in utilizing the patents and making strategic decisions when making design revisions. (3) The design patent maps provide a clearer picture on the distribution of patent scopes after the change from the Associated Design Patent system to the Derivative Design Patent System. It also helps the designers to avoid infringements on an existing patent.
摘要 iv
英文摘要 v
致謝 vii
目次 viii
表目錄 x
圖目錄 xi
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 研究目的 3
1.3 研究範圍與限制 3
1.4 研究架構與流程 4
第二章 文獻探討 6
2.1設計專利的定義與本質 6
2.1.1 設計必須應用於物品 9
2.1.2 設計所呈現之外觀 11
2.1.3 透過視覺訴求之創作 11
2.1.4 設計專利法定排除之標的 12
2.1.5 各國專利法對設計專利之定義 13
2.2設計專利要件 15
2.2.1 產業利用性 15
2.2.2 新穎性 16
2.2.3 創作性 18
2.2.4 主張喪失新穎性或創作性之例外的情事 18
2.3 聯合新式樣專利 18
2.4 衍生設計專利 21
2.5 小結 23
第三章 研究方法 24
3.1 研究設計 24
3.2 實驗步驟 25
3.3 研究工具 31
3.4 問卷設計 31
3.5 統計方法 32
3.6 資料處理 32
3.7 研究樣本與限制 32
第四章 探討聯合新式樣專利及衍生設計專利 34
4.1 依舊、新法分析聯合新式樣專利及衍生設計專利 34
4.2 聯合新式樣專利與衍生設計專利權範圍界定 38
4.3 聯合新式樣專利與衍生設計專利權申請期間 42
4.4 小結 48
第五章 研究結果與分析 49
5.1 專利與設計專業人員實驗過程照片 49
5.2 專利與設計專業人員基本資料統計分析 50
5.3 解析受測資料 55
5.4 建置設計專利範圍分析圖 57
5.4.1 專利專業人員實驗結果與說明 57
5.4.2 設計專業人員實驗結果與說明 59
5.5 設計專利範圍分析圖呈現結果 61
5.6 設計專利範圍分析圖相互覆蓋呈現結果 64
5.6.1 專利與設計專業人員之設計專利範圍分析圖相互覆蓋結果 64
5.6.2 插座專利之設計專利範圍分析圖覆蓋結果 66
第六章 結論與建議 69
6.1 結論 69
6.2 建議 71
參考文獻 72
附錄一 77
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