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研究生:蕭立婷
研究生(外文):Li-Ting Hsiao
論文名稱:董事會特性、外國法人持股對企業社會責任績效之影響
論文名稱(外文):The Impact of Board of Directors and Foreign Institutional Ownership on Corporate Social Responsibility
指導教授:張國雄張國雄引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kuo-Hsiung Chang
口試委員:吳立偉林欣美
口試委員(外文):Li-Wei WuHsin-Mei Lin
口試日期:2014-05-21
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東海大學
系所名稱:國際貿易學系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:貿易學類
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:77
中文關鍵詞:企業社會責任董事會外國投資代理理論制度理論
外文關鍵詞:corporate social responsibilityboard of directorsforeign investmentagency theoryinstitutions
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過去公司治理的研究多以財務績效為應變數,隱含公司目標為股東利益最大的假設,然而由於企業社會責任的觀念逐漸受到重視,許多企業的目標轉變為追求利害關係人之間利益的平衡。因此,本研究探討重要的公司治理變數—董事會特性、外國法人持股、與企業社會責任績效,而非財務績效之關係。本研究發現,董監事持股比例愈高,公司就會愈專注於提升股東利益,而忽略其他利害關係人與企業社會責任。而獨立董事能夠平衡股東在董事會中的控制力,而減少公司的股東利益導向,而提高企業社會績效。外國法人持股也對企業社會績效有正向影響。然而,獨立董事與企業社會績效的正向關係會被董監持股弱化。本研究支持代理理論的預測,認為股東利益與其他利害關係人的利益是互相衝突的,提高董監持股比例雖會增加股東利益,但是卻可能傷害其他利害關係人的利益。過去公司治理的政策,都假設企業的目標為股東利益最大,在企業社會責任觀念抬頭的今日,這些政策法規可能需要重新檢討。引進企業社會責任觀念與做法較先進的外資來本國投資也可以提高國內企業這方面的觀念與做法。未來的研究應多以企業社會責任作為應變數。
Prior research in corporate governance has mostly used financial performance as dependent variables, implying the assumption that the corporate goal is shareholders wealth maximization. However, as corporate social responsibility receiving more and more emphasis, more and more firms have changed their goals into balancing the relationships among stakeholders. Consequently, this study investigates the effects of corporate governance variables, including board of directors and foreign institutional ownership, on corporate social performance, rather than financial performance. This study finds that as board ownership increases, firms become shareholder value-oriented, and other stakeholders and corporate social performance are sacrificed. Independent outside directors may balance the control rights of shareholders in the board, decreasing shareholder value-orientation of the firm and increasing corporate social performance. We also find that foreign institutional ownership has positive effects on corporate social performance. Additionally, board ownership negatively moderates the positive relationship between independent outside directors and corporate social performance. This study supports agency theory, arguing that shareholders and stakeholders are in conflicts. Although increase in board ownership may increase shareholder value, it hurts other stakeholders. Past regulations regarding corporate governance have been enacted based on the assumption that corporate goal is shareholder value maximization. These regulations need to be reviewed, as corporate goal today may be balancing the relationships among stakeholders. Encouraging the investment from foreign enterprises that have superior concepts and routines regarding corporate social responsibility may also increase corporate social performance of domestic firms. Future research regarding corporate governance should employ corporate social performance as dependent variable.
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第三節 研究流程 4
第二章 文獻探討 5
第一節 企業社會責任的觀念 5
第二節 代理問題、公司治理與董事會 13
第三節 制度理論 18
第四節 外國投資理論 27
第三章 研究方法 32
第一節 研究架構 32
第二節 研究假說 34
第三節 樣本變數衡量與統計方法 42
第四章 實證結果分析 47
第一節 階段Probit模型 47
第二節 第二階段迴歸模型的結果 50
第三節 穩定性測試 52
第五章 結論與建議 55
第一節 研究結論 55
第二節 討論 56
第三節 研究建議 58
第四節 研究限制 60
參考文獻 61
一、 中文部分 61
二、 英文部分 62

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