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研究生:何友仁
研究生(外文):Ho, Yu-Jen
論文名稱:當「標準差法」遇上「ORU薪資估計模型」:探討過度教育之實際分配法
論文名稱(外文):Estimating ORU Extended Wage Equation When Measuring Overeducation With Realized Matches.
指導教授:湯蕙瑄
指導教授(外文):Tang, Hui-Hsuan
口試委員:林茂廷陳嘉雯
口試委員(外文):Lin, Mau-TingChen, Chia-Wen
口試日期:2015-06-12
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北大學
系所名稱:經濟學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:39
中文關鍵詞:過度教育薪資
外文關鍵詞:overeducationwage
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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  • 下載下載:36
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  本文使用「台灣社會變遷基本調查」第二期第三次(1997)、第三期第三次(2002)與第六期第三次(2012)的調查資料,針對研究過度教育常用之實際分配法提出二項建議。第一、重新定義過度教育年數、適度教育年數與不足教育年數。此方法不僅能避免過度(不足)教育年數對薪資之影響被高估(低估),更可使實際分配法中ORU薪資估計模型與V-V薪資估計模型之結果能互相呼應。第二、為了配合台灣在過去幾十年迅速變遷的社會狀況,本文以「年代標準差法」取代標準差法。考慮了年代的差別後,可避免標準差法中過度教育者集中在年輕世代的問題。實證結果發現,在使用年代標準差法時,過度教育年數與不足教育年數對薪資的影響明顯下降,且過度教育者的薪資報酬低於適度教育者。除此之外,為討論實際分配法中過度教育者與適度教育者間的薪資差異,本文在薪資估計模型中加入「自我評估有無過度教育」之虛擬變數。實證結果顯示,在控制了自我評估有無過度教育後,過度教育者與適度教育者薪資報酬的差異變小,進而推論年代標準差法中,過度教育者身上有自我評估過度教育者的人格特質。
Making use of the data of 1997, 2002 and 2012 Taiwan Social Change Survey, this thesis proposes two modifications on the realized matches method in studying overeducation. The first modification redefines the years of overeducation, required education and undereducation. The proposed definition not only avoids the possibility that the returns to overeducation (undereducation) being over- (under-) estimated, but also makes it possible to compare the empirical results estimated using the ORU wage equation versus the V-V wage equation. In order to take into account the rapidly changing labor markets in Taiwan, the second modification replaces the realized matches within an occupation with the realized matches within an occupation for the same cohort. When we further restricted the realized matches within both occupation and cohort, the resulting overeducated workers no longer overly concentrate on younger persons. The empirical results show that the returns to overeducation is smaller than that reported in the literature. Yet the returns to overeducation is consistently smaller than the returns to required education.
In addition, we propose to control for whether one is self-assessed as overeducated or not in the wage equations. The empirical results show that the difference between the returns to overeducated and adequately-educated years narrows down, which implies that the overeducated workers defined using realized matches method may have some unobservable characteristics shared by those who self-assessed as overeducated.

目錄
壹、前言 1
貳、資料來源、變數介紹與敘述統計 8
2.1 資料來源 8
2.2 變數介紹 8
2.3 敘述統計 14
叄、模型介紹與實證結果 19
3.1 模型介紹 19
3.2 兩種過度、適度與不足教育年數之定義方式結果比較 21
3.3 未控制自我評估之薪資估計模型 23
3.4 控制自我評估之薪資估計模型 27
肆、結論 31
伍、研究限制與建議 33
參考文獻 34
附錄 37

參考文獻

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莊奕琦、賴偉文(2011b)。不同世代下之教育報酬與能力差異。經濟論文叢刊,81-114。

張國偉、何明修(2007)。半調子的新自由主義:分析臺灣的高等教育學費政策與爭議。教育與社會研究第12期,73-112。

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蔡瑞明、莊致嘉、葉秀珍(2005)。「教育與職業不相稱」對薪資的影響:「標準差法」與「自我評量法」兩種不相稱測度方法之比較。人口學刊第30期,65-95。

鄭淳仁(2010)。高等教育擴張政策對於過度和不足教育者之影響。台北大學經濟學系研究所碩士論文。

蕭霖(2003)。教育與職業不對稱的模式探討。教育政策論壇,6(2),43-67。


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