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研究生:Arpita Dutta
研究生(外文):Arpita Dutta
論文名稱:針對台灣學術單位設立之技術移轉辦公室在協助智慧財產權商業化暨其採開放式創新架構對專利池構成之調查研究
論文名稱(外文):An investigation on the role of patent-pool formation by technology transfer offices of academic settings for commercializing intellectual property in open innovation in Taiwan
指導教授:曾俊儒曾俊儒引用關係
指導教授(外文):K. C. Tseng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:長庚大學
系所名稱:商管專業學院
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:英文
論文頁數:83
中文關鍵詞:no
外文關鍵詞:Intellectual PropertyOpen innovationTechnology Transfer Office (TTO)non-licensed patentPatent-pool
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Academic innovations are now transferred to industries at high frequencies worldwide. An appropriate intellectual property (IP) right ensures the financial benefits of academic researchers and their academic settings. IP commercialization is not only strengthening the open innovation system, it is improving economy of academic settings across the nation as well.
It is thus important to understand the status of current commercialization activity of academics. Correction of frailty and adoption of pertinent new policies will accelerate the IP commercialization of academic settings. With evaluation of current scenario, this study proposes a model for facilitating academic IP commercialization in Taiwan. This study validates four out of five hypotheses relating to the proposed model through a survey among academic researchers in Taiwan. Academic researchers are willing to commercialize their innovations. However, the outcome is not impressive owing to the complex procedures for acquiring IP rights, the search for prospective industrial partners, and lack of effective negotiation. The survey results demonstrate the requirement for functional technology transfer offices (TTOs) in academic settings. Patent-pool formation by TTOs is revealed as a measure to facilitate commercialization process. Patent-pooling creates more openness to all participating members and enables firms to obtain essential licenses in one-stop. This study provides information and measures for facilitating IP commercialization that will improve the research application status of academic settings in Taiwan.

Recommendation letter: Supervisor..............................................................
Certificate: Thesis review committee...........................................................
Acknowledgement....................................................................................iii
Abstract.....................................................................................................iv
Table of Contents........................................................................................v
List of Figures...........................................................................................vii
List of Tables.............................................................................................ix
Chapter 1: Introduction.............................................................................1
1.1 Background of the study................................................................5
1.2 Importance of the study..................................................................7
1.3 Research objective.........................................................................8
1.4 Research limitation........................................................................9
1.5 Research framework....................................................................11
Chapter 2: Literature review...................................................................12
2.1 Open Innovation...........................................................................13
2.2 Intellectual Property.....................................................................15
2.2.1 Intellectual Property commercialization............................18
2.3 Technology Transfer Office.........................................................23
2.4 Summary......................................................................................26
Chapter 3: Methodology.........................................................................27
3.1 Hypothesis & conceptual model..................................................27
3.2 Questionnaire survey designing...................................................31
3.3 Participant Selection.....................................................................31
3.4 Data source, type & collection.....................................................32
3.5 Data analysis................................................................................34
Chapter 4: Results & statistical analysis.................................................36
4.1 Demographic statistics.................................................................36
4.2 Statistical analysis........................................................................39
4.3 Hypotheses validity......................................................................44
4.4 Summary......................................................................................52
Chapter 5: Discussion.............................................................................54
Chapter 6: Overall Conclusion................................................................59
6.1 Future recommendations..............................................................60
References................................................................................................62
Annexure: Survey questionnaire.............................................................72


List of Figures
Figure 1: Schematic diagram describes the success rates of
innovation commercialization with weighted strategies
adopted by Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI),
Taiwan.
……4
Figure 2: Statistics of domestic patent application in Taiwan
during 2012-2014.
……6
Figure 3: Innovation models: Closed and Open. ……14
Figure 4: Schematic diagram of open innovation model
describes the possible ways of licensing.
……19
Figure 5: Schematic diagram explaining the importance of
patent-pool in open innovation model.
……21
Figure 6: Conceptual model of improved academic research
commercialization with formation of patent-pool by
technology transfer offices.
……30
Figure 7: Gender distribution of academic researchers
participating in the survey.
……37
Figure 8: Academic ranks the participants. ……37
Figure 9: Age distribution of the participants. ……37
Figure 10: Commercializing experience of academic
researchers participating in the survey.
……37
Figure 11: Institutional burden for commercialization in the
perspective of innovations by the participants.
given in the left column.
……38
Figure 12: Current status and future intention of research
commercialization of the participants. Y-axis represents a 5
……39
order Likert scale starting from LEAST (1) to MOST (5)
likely for each situation
Figure 13: Bar graphs represent relative effectiveness of
technology transfer offices in the situations given in the left
column. Y-axis represents a 5 order likert scale starting from
LEAST (1) to MOST (5) likely for each situation given in the
left column.
……40
Figure 14: Bar graphs represent relative effectiveness of
technology transfer offices in the situations given in the left
column. Y-axis represents a 5 order Likert scale starting from
LEAST (1) to MOST (5) likely for each situation given in the
left column.
……42
Figure 15: Bar graphs represent the role of patent-pool in open
innovation system. Y-axis represents a 5 order Likert scale
starting from LEAST (1) to MOST (5) likely for each
situation given in the left column.
……43
Figure 16. Schematic diagram of hypotheses validity. ……52



List of Tables
Table 1: Model summary of Hypothesis 1. ........................................45
Table 2: ANOVA table of Hypothesis 1. ........................................45
Table 3: Coefficient table of Hypothesis 1. ........................................45
Table 4: Model summary of Hypothesis 2. ........................................46
Table 5: ANOVA table of Hypothesis 2. ........................................47
Table 6: Coefficient table of Hypothesis 2. ........................................47
Table 7: Model summary of Hypothesis 3. ........................................48
Table 8: ANOVA table of Hypothesis 3. ........................................48
Table 9: Coefficient table of Hypothesis 3. ........................................48
Table 10: Model summary of Hypothesis 4. ........................................49
Table 11: ANOVA table of Hypothesis 4. ........................................49
Table 12: Coefficient table of Hypothesis 4. ........................................49
Table 13: Model summary of Hypothesis 5. ........................................50
Table 14: ANOVA table of Hypothesis 5. ........................................51
Table 15: Coefficient table of Hypothesis 5. ........................................51
Table 16. Hypotheses test summary. ........................................51

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