跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.215.79.68) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/07/04 05:46
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:羅敏銓
研究生(外文):LUO, MIN-CHUAN
論文名稱:即時群播遠距教學的溝通互動與畫面呈現之研究 - 以國立交通大學校際選修課程為例
論文名稱(外文):Study for the Communication, Interaction, and Image Presentation of Synchronous Distance Instruction - Using the National Chiao Tung University Inter-universities Courses as an Example
指導教授:陳偉之陳偉之引用關係
指導教授(外文):CHEN, WEI-CHIH
口試委員:牛隆光杜聖聰陳偉之
口試委員(外文):NIU, LUNG-GUANGTU, SHENG-TSUNGCHEN, WEI-CHIH
口試日期:2016-06-23
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:玄奘大學
系所名稱:大眾傳播研究所
學門:傳播學門
學類:一般大眾傳播學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:148
中文關鍵詞:即時群播遠距教學溝通互動畫面呈現
外文關鍵詞:Real-time multi-casting synchronous distance instructionInteractive communicationImage presentation
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:638
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:35
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
以視訊會議傳輸系統及相關視訊、音訊設備所架構的「即時群播遠距教學」目前已在各大學之校際選修課程普遍使用,而伴隨著傳播與教育科技的發展,「即時群播遠距教學」已經進入到一個全新且穩定的時代。一直以來遠距教學的相關研究都是關於系統的設計和硬體的發展,較少研究著眼於實施這種特別的教學方式時,教師教學活動的研究,包括教師的準備及訓練、課程中溝通與互動設計、安排,和遠距傳播工具的應用。
本研究以國立交通大學第104學年第二學期所開設之即時群播遠距教學校際選修課程:「當代世界環境生態與永續發展」的授課教師群及選修學生為研究案例,採問卷調查法以瞭解即時群播方式之遠距教學教師的「溝通類型」,「溝通恐懼」與「畫面呈現」,並探討三者之間相互的關係,同時以參與觀察法的方式記錄教師在即時群播的視訊情境中,進行遠距教學時的畫面呈現情形。
本研究最後並針對即時群播遠距教學使用者,以及後續研究者提出建議。

Real-time multi-casting synchronous distance instruction through video conference transmission systems and related video, audio equipment architecture is now widely used in intercollegiate elective courses in each university, and with the development of communication and education technology, Real-time multi-casting synchronous distance instruction has entered into a new and stable era. Related research has been focused on the development of system design and hardware, and few studies focused on the implementation of this particular way of teaching, the activities of faculty, including faculty preparation and training, as well as interactive communication of the members, the courses arrangements , and application of remote communication tools.

The study was conducted through synchronous distance instruction inter-universities courses “contemporary world : environmental crisis & ecological sustainability” in NCTU. Questionnaire surveys were conducted to measure communicator styles, communication apprehension and image presentation and then explores the interaction of the tree. Participatory observation was conducted as supplementary tools.

Finally, this study supplied suggestions for adopters of real-time multi-casting synchronous distance instruction and for future study.

第一章 緒 論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究動機 4
第三節 研究目的與架構 6
第二章 文獻探討 9
第一節 溝通類型 9
一、 溝通類型的內涵 11
二、 教師的溝通類型 17
第二節 溝通恐懼 27
一、 溝通恐懼的類型 28
二、 情境型溝通恐懼的行為表現 32
第三節 教師在即時群播遠距教學的畫面呈現 40
一、 畫面呈現的內涵 40
二、 溝通類型與畫面呈現 47
三、 溝通恐懼與畫面呈現 50
第三章 研究方法 53
第一節 溝通類型、溝通恐懼與畫面呈現的問卷調查 53
一、 教師溝通類型問卷調查 54
二、 教師溝通恐懼問卷調查 57
三、 畫面呈現問卷調查 60
四、 資料分析 61
第二節 教師畫面呈現的參與觀察 62
一、 參與觀察對象 62
二、 參與觀察內容 63
三、 參與觀察的執行 65
第四章 資料分析與結果 67
第一節 即時群播遠距教學中教師的溝通類型 67
一、 教師自我溝通類型評估 67
二、 學生對教師整體溝通類型評估 72
第二節 即時群播遠距教學中教師的溝通恐懼 85
一、 教師溝通恐懼量表的信度分析 85
二、 教師自評溝通恐懼 85
第三節 即時群播遠距教學中教師的畫面呈現 88
一、 學生對教師畫面呈現信度與效度分析 88
二、 學生評估教師畫面呈現 91
第四節 即時群播遠距教學中教師的溝通類型、溝通恐懼與畫面呈現的關係 96
一、 即時群播遠距教學中教師溝通類型與溝通恐懼的關係 97
二、 即時群播遠距教學中教師溝通類型與畫面呈現的關係 100
三、 即時群播遠距教學中教師溝通恐懼與畫面呈現的關係 108
第五章 結論與建議 111
第一節 主要研究發現與討論 111
一、 即時群播遠距教學中教師的溝通類型 111
二、 即時群播遠距教學中教師的溝通恐懼 114
三、 即時群播遠距教學中教師的畫面呈現內涵 115
四、 即時群播遠距教學中教師溝通類型與溝通恐懼的關係 116
五、 即時群播遠距教學中教師溝通類型與畫面呈現的關係 117
六、 即時群播遠距教學中教師溝通恐懼與畫面呈現的關係 118
第二節 研究限制 118
一、 文獻部分 118
二、 問卷調查部分 119
三、 研究對象部分 120
第三節 建 議 121
一、 對即時群播遠距教學使用者的建議 121
二、 對後續研究者的建議 122
參考書目 124
中文部分 124
西文部分 125
附 錄 131



中文部分
Gibbs, G. R. (2010)。質性研究的分析(吳佳綺,譯)。臺北縣:韋伯文化國際。(原著出版年:2007)
Merriam, S. B. (2011)。質性研究:設計與施作指南(顏寧,譯)。臺北市:五南圖書。(原著出版年:2009)
Preece, J., Roger, Y., & Sharp, H. (2009)。互動設計,跨越人-電腦互動(陳建雄,譯)。臺北縣:全華。(原著出版年:2002)
王政彥(1991)。溝通恐懼-面對人際溝通的焦慮與害怕。臺北市:遠流出版社。
李宗薇(1994)。教師與教學設計。教學科技與媒體,12:13-17。
李海碩(2010)。開放式課程(OpenCourseWare)在臺灣:交通大學開放式課程之起源、影響、以及臺灣開放式課程聯盟之發展(未出版之碩士論文)。國立交通大學,新竹市。
李瑞祥(1995)。雙向全動視訊會議的〈互動性常規〉研究:以一個隔空教學課程為原型的先探性研究。國立交通大學傳播研究所碩士論文,未出版,新竹市。
林震岩(2007)。多變量分析-SPSS的操作與運用。臺北市:智勝文化。
吳明隆(2008)。SPSS操作與運用多變量分析實務。臺北市:五南圖書。
吳清基、黃嘉莉、張明文(2011)。我國百年教育的回顧與展望。新北市:國家教育研究院。
邱皓政(2006)。量化研究與統計分析:SPSS中文視窗版資料分析範例解析。臺北市:五南圖書。
陳年興(2000)。網路教學與傳統教學之比較分析。遠距教學,15/16:154-163
陳姚真(2001)。遠距學習成效研究的爭議與遠距教育系統的評鑑機制。教學科技與媒體。56:40-49
陳國民、彭文正、葉銀嬌、安然(2010)。傳播研究方法。臺北市:威士曼文化。
黃含棉(1997)。全動視訊會議系統互動模式與互動行為:以視訊會議遠距教學為例。國立交通大學傳播研究所碩士論文,未出版,新竹市。
劉相君,黃悅民(1997)。多元化的遠距教學.。遠距教學,創刊號。
楊振富譯(2002)。學習型學校。臺北市:天下遠見出版股份有限公司。
楊國樞、文崇一、吳聰賢、李亦園(1993)。社會及行為科學研究法。13版。臺北市:東華。

西文部分
Adler, R. B. (1980). Intergration reticence management into the basic communication curriculum. Communication Education 29,215-221.
Alraimi, K. M., Zo, H., & Ciganek, A. P. (2015). Understanding the MOOCs continuance: The role of openness and reputation. Computers & Education, 80, 28-38.
Andersen, P.A., Andersen, J.F., & Garrison, J.P. (1978). Singing apprehension and talking apprehension: The development of two constructs. Sign Language Studies, 19,155-186.
Andersen, J. F. (1979). Teacher immediacy as a predictor of teaching effectiveness. In D. Nimmo(Ed.), Communication Yearbook 3. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books.
Andersen, P. A. (1985). Nonverbal immediacy in interpersonal communication. In A. W. Siegman & S. Feldstein(Eds.), Multichannel integrations of nonverbal behavior. Hillsale, N. J. ; Lawrence Erlbaum
Anthony, S. (1978). Immediacy and nonimmediacy factors in communicating interpersonal attraction. Journal of Social Psychology, 93
Arendt, A. M., & Shelton, B E. (2009). Incentives and disincentives for the use of OpenCourseWare. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 10(5).
Asendropf, J.B., & Van Aken, M.A.G. (1994) Traits and relationship status:Stranger versus peer group inhibition and test intelligence versus peer group competence as early predictor of later self-esteem. Child Development, 65.
Ayres, J. (1989). The impact of communication apprehension and interaction structure on initial interactions. Communication Monographs, 56, 75-86,
Beatty, M. J. (1988) Situational and predispositional correlates of public speaking anxiety. Communication Education 37.
Beatty, M.J. & Behnke, R.R. (1991). Effect of public speaking trait anxiety and intensity of speaking task on heart rate during performance. Human Communication Research, 18, 147-176.
Bell, R.., & Daly, J.A. (1985). Some communicator correlates of loneliness. The Sourthern Speech Communication Journal, 50, 121-142.
Bell, R.A., Tremblay, S.W., & Buerkel-Rothfuss, N.L.(1987). Interpersonal attraction as a communication accomplishment: Development og a measure of affinity- seeking competence. Western Journal of Speech Communication, 51, 1-18.
Bellman, B. L. (1988). Interaction of CMC with Video Telecourses for Distance Education. Telematics and Informations, 5, 4, 389-395.


Bernhard, W., Bittel, N., Van Der Vlies, S., Bettoni, M., & Roth, N. (2013). The MOOCs Business Model. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 106, 2931-2937.
Booth-Butterfield, M. (1987). Stifle or stimulate? The effects of communication task structure on apprehensive and non-apprehensive students. Communication Education. 35.
Bradac, J.J., Tardy, C. H. & Hosman, L.A. (1980). Disclosure styles and a hint at their genesis. Human Communication Research, 6,
Broberg, A.G. (1993). Inhibition and children's experiences of out-of-home care. In K.H. Rubin & J.B. Asendorpf (Eds.), Social Withdrawal. inhibition, and shyness in childhood. Hillsdale, N.J. :Erlbaum. 151-176.
Bruch, M.A., Grosky, J.M., Collins, T.M., & Berger, P.A. (1989). Shyness and sociability reexamined: A multicomponent analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57.
Burgoon, J.K. & Koper, R.J. (1983). Communication reticece and relational message behavior, Paper presented at the annual convention of the International Communication Association, Dallas.
Burgoon, J. K., Buller, D. B., Hale, J. L., & DeTruck, M. A. (1984). Relational messages associated with nonverbal behaviors. Human Communication Research. 10.
Burlesen, B.R., & Samter,W. (1985) Individual differences in the perception of comforting messages: An exploratory investigation. Central States Speech Journal, 36, 39-50.
Chaiken, A. L., Gillen, B., Derlega, V. J., Heinen, J. R. K., & Wilson, M. (1978). Students' reactions to teachers' physical attractiveness and nonverbal behavior: Two exploratory studies. Psychology in the Schools, 15.
Christophel, D. M. (1990). The Relationships among Teacher Immediacy Behaviors, Student Motivation, and Learning. Communication Education, 39.
Clevenger, T., Jr. (1959) A systhesisi of experimental research in stage fright. Quarterly Journal of Speech. 45.
Clevenger, T., Jr., & King, T.R. (1961) A factor analysis of the visible sympetence of stagefright. Speech Monographs. 28.
Comeaux, P. (1995), The Impact of an Interactive Distance Learning Network on Classroom Communication. Communication Education, 44.
Culnan, M. J. & Markus, M. L. (1987). Information Technology: structure patterns of organizational relationships. In F. Jablin, K. Putman., & ala. Apaoter, (eds.) Handbook of Organizational communication. CA:Sage.
Daly, J. A. (1978). Writing apprehension in the classroom: Theater role expectancies of the apprehensive student. Research in the Teaching of English. 72.
Daly, J. A., Vangelisti, A.L., & Lawrence, S.G. (1989). Self-focussed attention and public speaking anxiety. Personality and Individual Differences. 10
Daly, J. A., & Stafford, L. (1984). Correlates and consequences of social- communication anxiety. In J. A. Daly & J.C. McCrosky (Eds.), Avoiding communication: Shyness. reticence, and communication apprehension. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Daly, J. A., Caughlin, J. P. & Stafford, L. (1997) Correlates and Consequences of social-communication anxiety. In Avoiding communication. N.J., hampton.
Darwin, C. (1967) The expression of emotions in man and animals. London: Murray.
Deethardt, J. & McLaughlin, M. (1976) A pilot study of communicator types and styles. Paper presented at the meeting of the International Communication Association, Berlin, Germany.
Devito, J. A. (1994) The elements of public speaking. HarperCollins Colege publishers.
Gorham, J. (1988). The relationship between verbal teacher immediacy behaviors and student learning. Communication Education. 37, 40-53.
Gorham, J. & Christophel, D. M. (1990) The relationship of teachers' use of humor in the classroom to immediacy and student learning. Communication Education. 39, 46-62.
Gracia, S., Stinson, L., Ickes, W., Bissonnette, V., & Briggs, S.R. (1991). Shyness and physical attraction in mixed-sex dyads. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 61.
Hackman, M. Z., & Walker K. B., (1990). Instructional Communication in the Televised Classroom: The Effects of System Design and Teacher Immediacy on Student Learning and Satisfaction. Communication Education. 39(3), 196-206.
Hansen, K. J., (1989). The Teleconferencing Manager's Guide. NY: Knowledge Industry Publications.
Harman, L. M., & Cleland, P. A. (1990). Social anxiety, personality, and the self: Clinical research and practice., In W. R. Crozier(Ed.), Shyness and embarrassment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 338-355.
Hawes, William. (1991) Television Performing: News and Information. Boston: Focal Press.
Hew, K. F., & Cheung, W. S. (2014). Students' and instructors' use of massive open online courses (MOOCs): Motivations and challenges. Educational Research Review, 12, 45-58.
Hill, G. J. (1989). An unwillingness to act: Behavioral appropriateness, situational constraint, and self-efficacy in shyness. Journal of Personality. 57.
Hurt, H. T., & Joseph, K. (1975, April). The impact of Communication apprehension in the process of social change. Paper presented at the annual convension of the Eastern Communication Association, N.Y.
Hurt, H.T., Preiss, R., & Davis, B. (1976, May). The effects of communication apprehension of middle school children on socio metric choice, affective, and cognitive learning. Paper present at the annual conference at the International Communication Association, Portland.
Hurt, H. T., Joseph, K. & Cook, C. D. (1977). Scales for the measurement of innovativeness. Human Communication Research. 4, 58-65.
Jones, W. H., & Russell, D. W. (1982). The social reticence scale: A measure of shyness. Journal of Personality Assessment. 46, 629-631.
Jones, W. H., & Carpenter, B. N. (1986). Shyness, social behevior, and relationships. In W.H. Jones, J.M. Cheek, & S.R. Briggs (Eds.), Shyness : Perspectives on research and treatment. N.Y.:Plenum. 227-238.
Kelley, D. H., & Gorham, J. (1988). Effects of immediacy on recall of information. Communication Education. 37.
Kelly, L (1997) Skills Training as a Treatment for Communication Problems. In Avoiding Communication. Hampton. 198-207.
Lapakko, D. (1997). Three Cheers for Language : A closer Examination of a Widely Cited Study of Nonverbal Communication. Communication Education. 46, 1 63-67.
Margaryan, A., Bianco, M., & Littlejohn, A. Instructional Quality of Massive Open Online Courses(MOOCs). Computers & Education(2014).
Marshall, S.(2014). Exploring the ethical implications of MOOCs. Distance Education, 35(2), 250-262.
Marson, R. (1994). Using Communications Media in Open and Flexible Learning. London: Kogan Page.
McCrosky, J. C. & Richmond, V. P. (1976) The effects of communication apprehension on the percepiton of peers. Western Speech Communication Journal. 40, 14-21.
McCrosky, J. C. (1977) Oral communication apprehension: A summary of recent theory and research, Human Communication Research. 4, 78-96.
McCrosky, J. C. (1978). Validity of the PRCA as an index of oral communication apprehension. Communication Monographs. 45, 192-203.
McCrosky, J. C. & Richmond, V. P.(1978) Communication apprehension as a predictor of self-discloure. Communication Quarterly. 25.
McCrosky, J. C., and Richmond, V. P. (1982) The quite ones: Communication apprehenson and shyness, summary. 2nd ed. Scottsdale, AZ:Gorsuch Scarisbrick.
McCrosky, J. C. (1993), An introduction to rhetorical communication. 6th ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
McCrosky, J. C., Richmond, V. P., Sallinen, A., Fayer, J, M., & Barraclough, P. A, (1995). A Cross-Culture and Multi-Behavioral Analysis of the Relationship Between Nonverbal Immediacy and Teacher Evaluation. Communication Education. 44,281-291.
McCrosky J. C. (1997). Self-report measurement. In Avoiding communication. N.J Hampton.
Mehrabian, A.(1966). Attitudes inferred from nonimmediacy of verbal communication. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 6, 294-295.
Mehrabian, A.(1969). Some referents and measures of nonverbal behavior. Behavioral Research Methods and Instruments. 1
Miniwatts Marketing Group.(2016). Internet usage statistics: world Internet users and population stats. Retrieved from http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats.htm
Moore, M., & Thompson M. (1990). The Effects of Distance Learning: A Summary of Literature. PA: American Center for the Study of Distance Education.
Moore, A., Masterson, J. T., Christophel, D. M., & Sfea, K. A. (1996). College Teacher Immediacy and Student Rating of Instruction. Communication Education. 45, 29-39,
Mulac, A. & Wiemann, J.M. (1997). Behavioral assessment. In Avoiding communication. N. J. hampton.
Norton, R. (1977). Teacher effectiveness as a function of communicator style. In B. Ruben(Ed.), Communication yearbook 1. New Brunswick , NJ: Transaction Books.
Norton, R. (1983) Communicator style: Theory, applications, and measures. Beverly Hills: Sage
Norton, R. (1996) Communication and consequences. Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates
O’Donnell, Lewis, B. Hausman., Carl. And Benoit, Philip. (1996) Announcing: Broadcast communicating today. 3rd ed. Belmont: Wadsworth
Parker, L. A., & Monson, M. K. (1980). Teletechniques : An Instructional Model for Interactive Teleconferencing. NJ: Educational Technology Publications.
Plax, T. G., Kearney, P., McCrosky, J.C., & Richmond, V. P. (1986). Power in the classroom VI: Verbal control strategies, nonverbal immediacy and affective learning. Communication Education. 35.
Potter, D. T. (1982). Communicator style perceptions as a function of communication apprehension. Communication Quarterly. 30, 237-244.
Potter, J. W. & Emanuel , R. (1990). Students' prefernces for communication styles and their relationship to achievement. Communication Education. 39, 234-249.
Powell, R. G., & Harville, B. (1990). The Effects of Teacher Immediacy and Clarity on Instructional Outcomes: An Intercultural Assessment. Communication Education. 39, 379-393.
Richmond, V. P. (1978). The relationship between trait and state communication apprehension and interpersonal perception during acquaintance stages. Human Communication Research. 4.
Richmond, V.P.(1980). Monomorphic and polymorphic opinion leadership within a relatively closed communication system. Human Communication Research. 6, 111-116
Richmond, V.P., Gorham, J.S., McCrosky, J.C. (1987) The relationship between seletive immediacy behaviors and cognitive learning in McLanglin(E.D:), Communication Yearbook 10. 574-590.
Robinson II, ata. Aea. (1997) Communication apprehension and the basic public speaking course: a national survey of in-class treatment techniques. Communication Education. 46.
Sallinen-Kuparinen, A. (1992). Teacher communication style. Communication Education. 41.
Sanders, J. A. & Wiseman , R. L. (1990). The effects of verbal and nonverbal immediacy on perceived cognitive, affective, and behavioral learning in the multicultural classroom. Communication Education. 39, 341-353.
Scott, M.m. & Nussbaum, J. F. (1981). Student perceptions of instructor communication behaviors and their relationship to student evaluation. Communication Education. 30. 44-53.
Spielberger, C.D.(Ed.). (1966). Anxiety and behavior. New York: Academic
Tardy, C.H., Allen, M.T., Thompson, W. R. & Leary, M.R. (1991). Social anxiety and cardiovascular responses to interpersonal communication. The Southern Communication Journal. 57.
Wadleigh, P. M. (1997) Contextualizing communication avoidance research. In Avoiding Communication : shyness, reticence, and communication apprehension. N.J. Hampton. 3-19.
Weiner, A.N.(1973). Machiavellianism as a predictor of group interaction and cohesion. Unpublicshed Master's thesis, West Virginia University, Morgantown.
Wells, J.A. & Lashbrook, W.B.(1970). A study of the effects of systematic desensitization of the communicative anxiety of individuals in small groups. Paper presented at the annual convention of the Speech Communication Association, New Orleans.
Witteman, H.R.(1976). The relationship of communication apprehension to opinipon leadership and innovativeness. Unpublished Master's thesis, West Virginia University, Morgantown.
Williams, D. (1997). Communication skills in practice : A practice guide for health professionals. Pennsylvania : Jessica Kingsley.
Willis, B. (1993). Distance Education : A Practical Guide NJ : Educational Technology.
Wimmer, R. D. & Dominick, J. R. (1994) . Mass Media Research-An Introduction. San Diego. ITP.


QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top