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研究生:賀苒
研究生(外文):Ran He
論文名稱:在數位學習環境中考量社群關係之同儕互評機制
論文名稱(外文):Peer Assessment Based on Student's Social Relations in E-learning Environment
指導教授:施國琛施國琛引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:87
中文關鍵詞:數位學習同儕互評線上討論版社交關係
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隨著目前網路技術的普及,數位學習成為被廣泛利用的教學方式,近年來更出現了Flipped Classroom、MOOC(Massive Open Online Course)等創新學習模式。其中MOOC是一個具有代表性的數位學習模式。
面對目前這樣的在線學習模式,將有大量學生修習同一門課程的情形,這會讓批改學生作業的教師帶來巨大的工作量。為解決上述之情形,本研究提出了一種全新的同儕互評模式,並依據線上討論版中學生的互動訊息得出社群關係,為學生分配適合評量的同儕作業,完成同儕互評的課程活動。本研究提出的算法旨在提升學生同儕互評結果的有效性。同時,在本研究中也探究了同儕互評準確度與學生能力的關係。
通過本研究進行的實驗結果可以得知,本研究提出的算法可以有效的減少同儕互評中公平性的問題。避免同儕由於關係較好而互相打出高分,影響同儕互評準確率的情況發生。同時,也驗證了能力較好的同學可以進行更準確的評量之結論。將同儕互評結果和助教評量結果進行相關性分析后,也可以得到顯著相關的結論,也驗證了在本研究中同儕互評結果的有效性。通過實驗結束後的問卷調查結果,可以看出學生對於同儕互評對自己學習成效的影響持積極正面的態度。說明了同學認為目前這種同儕互評活動對本人的學習成效有幫助。

With the current popularity of network technology, e-learning become more and more widely used. In recent years, Flipped Classroom, MOOC (Massive Open Online Course) and other learning mode are becoming the innovative study type.
Under this situation, there will be a large number of students to practice in a same course, it make teachers have the huge burden that they should judging a lot of students’ assignment. In order to solve the above-mentioned problem, this study presents a new peer assessment way which is consider students’ social relations first, student’s interaction information get from the online discussion board, and then, assign appropriate assessment for the student. Algorithm proposed in this study is designed to enhance the validity of peer assessment results. Meanwhile, in this study also explored the relationship between peer assessment accuracy and the students' abilities.
Through the experimental results can be learned that the algorithm proposed in this study can effectively reduce the fairness issue in peer assessment. At the same time, it also verified the conclusion that student who have better ability can give the more accurate assessment result. From peer assessment results and teaching assistant assessment results correlation analysis results can get the significantly relevant conclusions, also verified the effectiveness of peer assessment in this study. Through questionnaire results, students for peer assessment activity hold the positive attitude. Description that students believe the current peer assessment activities is help for their learning achievement.

摘要 i
Abstract ii
Acknowledgements iii
Contents iv
List of Figures vii
List of Tables viii
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Research Background and Motivation 2
1.2 Research Purpose 3
1.3 Research Methods 4
1.4 Thesis Organization 5
Chapter 2 Related Works 6
2.1 Discussion Board Information 6
2.1.1 The Influence of Online Discussion Boards for Online Learning 6
2.1.2 The Function of Online Discussion Boards 7
2.2 Evaluation Methods 9
2.2.1 The Purpose of the Evaluation 9
2.2.2 The Meaning and Type of the Evaluation 10
2.2.3 The Method of the Evaluation 11
2.3 The Meaning of Peer Assessment 12
2.4 The Effectiveness of Peer Assessment 14
2.5 Peer Assessment Common Questions and Different Assessment Rubric 15
2.5.1 Common Questions 16
2.5.2 Assessment Rubric 16
2.6 The Current Research Status of Peer Assessment 18
Chapter 3 Proposed Method 22
3.1 System Architecture Design 22
3.2 Setting Stage 24
3.3 Experiment Stage 26
3.4 Results Calculation 31
Chapter 4 System Implementation 32
4.1 System Architecture 32
4.2 Development environment 33
4.3 User Function Interface 34
Chapter 5 Experiment and Result Analysis 36
5.1 The First Semester Experiment 36
5.1.1 Participants 36
5.1.2 Experimental Design 37
5.1.3 Experimental Process 39
5.1.4 Data Analysis 43
5.2 The Second Semester Experiment 53
5.2.1 Participants 54
5.2.2 Experimental Design 55
5.2.3 Experimental procedures 56
5.2.4 Data Analysis 58
5.3 Compare Two Experimental Results 64
Chapter 6 Discussion &; Conclusion 65
Chapter 7 Future Works 67
References 68
Appendix I: The First Semester Questionnaire 71
Appendix II: The Second Semester Questionnaire 73


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