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研究生:施博瀚
研究生(外文):Shih, Po Han
論文名稱:MicroLearning: 以電腦中介之微任務推薦輔助主動式學習
論文名稱(外文):MicroLearning: Supporting Active Learning in Classroom with Computer Mediated Micro Activities
指導教授:王浩全王浩全引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wang, Hao Chuan
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:資訊系統與應用研究所
學門:電算機學門
學類:系統設計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:55
中文關鍵詞:即時回饋系統電腦輔助教學課堂互動行動式學習
外文關鍵詞:Instant Response SystemComputer Assisted InstructionClassroom InteractionMobile Learning
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為了鼓勵學生在課堂上主動向老師發問、表達個人意見。國內的中、小學開始提供智慧型手機和平板等行動載具給學生使用。希望藉由科技產品的輔助,促進學生和老師之間進行交流。然而缺乏應用軟體和行動裝置進行整合,其智慧型載具的功能往往侷限於把 “教學內容數位化”等硬體升級的用途。無法因通訊科技導入課堂,促使同學透過手機或平板主動向老師提問、將師生之間的“互動數位化”。
本研究提出一個即時課堂互動系統的手機應用程式,我們稱之為MicroLearning。以”老師和學生產生即時交流、卻不佔據老師所規劃好的教學進度”的概念,每個互動封裝成“難易適中、學生皆能在短時間內完成”的微任務,老師可依照教學目的利用平板發送 “選擇題”、“促使學生進行提問”等互動內容到學生的手機上,讓全班同學一同參與討論。透過檢視學生的回答情形和交換彼此的看法,老師能確切掌握學生目前的學習進度;學生在參與互動、和老師對話的過程中,養成主動表達意見、和老師同儕之間交換學習心得的習慣。
我們實際在大學的研究所課程中進行為期約十個禮拜的實驗,藉由實地導入MicroLearning於教學環境並從旁觀察課堂師生之間的互動情況下,驗證MicroLearning所提供個人化的溝通管道,能幫助學生改變學習態度,更主動參與課堂活動。實驗結果指出學生在使用MicroLearning和老師互動之後,對老師的上課內容更感興趣並且願意和同儕之間討論與課程有關的話題。最重要的是透過MicroLearning的輔助,學生開始在課堂上向老師主動提問、發表個人意見。

To encourage students to take initiative ask questions, express self-opinions in class, domestic elementary and junior high school starts to equip with tablet or smart phone in class, aiming to provide a rapid bi-directional channel for students to communicate with teacher. However, without integrates a well-designed mobile application, the efficacy of handheld devices is limited to digitalize course materials. It is still hard to facilitate student actively engaged by conducting educational technologies.
In this paper, we proposed an instant response system called “MicroLearning”. In concept of “build an instant interaction between teacher and students without occupying too much lecture schedule”. Every classroom interaction as a “limited expertise and student can be done in short time” task, such as: “multiple- choice question” 、 “an open-ended discussion with hints”. According to different teaching purpose, lecturer can send it to student’s mobile devices and wait for reply. In the process of participating micro class activities, teacher can know the level of student’s understanding and adjust lectures by their instant feedbacks. The other hand, students can learn how to cooperate with peers and express their personal opinions to lecturer.
We conduct a 10 weeks’ experiment in a graduate course, which consists of class observation and system deployment, aiming to evaluate our instant response system can support active learning for students in higher education field. From the perspective of quantitative and qualitative point of view, the results indicated that students are feel more interested in the content area of this course and like to share more content-related discussions with peers. More importantly, they start to take the initiative of asking questions with computer-mediated assistance.
摘要 i
Abstract ii
Acknowledgements iii
目錄 iv
圖目次 vi
表目次 vii
第一章 前言 1
1.1研究背景與動機 1
1.2教室即為社會場所 2
1.3電腦輔助教學 4
1.4即時互動系統 5
第二章 系統相關研究 7
2.1 Clicker 7
2.2 個人電腦作為載具 10
2.3行動裝置作為載具 11
2.4可行性評估 13
第三章 系統架構 15
3.1異質性平台的建置 15
3.2不受網路限制的連線方式 16
3.3互動內容 21
3.4互動類型 22
3.4.1投票 23
3.4.2促使學生發問 24
3.4.3確認教學理解程度 25
第四章 系統評估 27
4.1研究對象 27
4.2實驗流程 27
4.2.1課堂觀察 27
4.2.2系統測試 28
4.3研究問題 29
4.3.1 發送微任務的結果 30
4.4研究方法 31
4.5對個人學習成效進行分析 31
4.5.1 問卷資料的蒐集 33
4.5.2 問卷之分析結果 33
4.6對師生之間的交談進行分析 36
4.6.1編碼方式 36
4.6.2分析結果 37
4.7個人訪談 39
第五章 討論 43
5.1即時互動系統於教學上扮演的角色 43
5.2 實驗限制 46
第六章 結論和未來展望 48
6.1結論 48
6.2未來展望 48
參考文獻 51

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