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研究生:汪耀華
研究生(外文):Wang, Yao-Hua
論文名稱:以現象學方法探討國內大規模線上開放課程授課教師經驗
論文名稱(外文):Using Phenomenology Methodology to Investigate Instructors' Experiences of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs)
指導教授:張基成張基成引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chang, Chi-Cheng
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:科技應用與人力資源發展學系
學門:教育學門
學類:其他教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:79
中文關鍵詞:大規模線上開放課程現象學
外文關鍵詞:MOOCPhenomenology
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教師的生活故事和實務經驗隱含智慧與理論。教師是真正具備有教學設計專業知識背景的人,研究MOOC授課教師經驗是有其重要性。本論文採取實踐的現象學觀點探討MOOC授課教師的實務歷程。
本論文聚焦在熱門的MOOC授課教師經驗,採取立意抽樣方式選取學聯網平台課程排名前茅的授課教師為研究對象。研究目的有二;描述MOOC授課教師經驗本質,以及探求MOOC授課教師經驗本質的意義。
研究發現教師需要瞭解及適應MOOC教學模式,更需要培養因應這種教學模式的教學專業素養。從描述MOOC授課教師經驗本質中,體現出MOOC的教學追求宏觀的教學目標,學用零落差的教學內容,編排故事性的教材形態,是較具有吸引學生參與MOOC的元素。受訪教師經驗本質的意義有展現親和力、說故事的能力、持宏觀的態度、抱著利他的心、做中學的精神等五項。本論文研究結果可以提供MOOC授課教師足以遵循及觀摩的實務經歷,有助於教師實踐MOOC教學的省思。
建議未來後續的研究,持續追蹤MOOC授課教師在MOOC平台挑戰創新教學作法的經驗。
The life story and practical experience of instructors often imply wisdom and brings forth theories. Instructors are professionals with expertise in instructional design knowledge. Therefore, it magnifies the importance of massive open online course (MOOC). This paper explores the practicality of MOOC (Massive Open Online Course) from a phenomenology point of view.
In order to invesitgate the attractiveness of MOOC to the mass public, the paper focuses on the teaching experience of popular MOOC instructors that are chosen from judgemental sampling of the top rated instructors. There are two main objectives in this paper. The first objective outlines the essences of the instructors’ experience and the second objective investigates the meaning behind the essence.
Studies have found out that teachers are required to understand and adopt MOOC teaching model. Further more, they need to develop their professional teaching characteristic in response to this model. The MOOC instructors’ teaching experience reflects MOOC’s macroscopic teaching objective. Moreover, learning to use zero variance teaching content and story line teaching material are the attractive factors for students’ involvement in MOOC. From the interview with MOOC instructors, the instructors’ experience presents five core significance. They are their friendly and amicable appeal, story- telling skill, macroscopic point of view, altruistic personality and learn-by-doing attitude. This study’s result will be able to provide MOOC instructors experiences which is inspiring and helpful in MOOC’s practice. It aids instructors in reflecting on their MOOC teaching practices.
It is recommended to follow up with investigation of MOOC instructors’ experience in innovating their teachings on the MOOC platform.
謝誌 i
中文摘要 ii
英文摘要 iii
目 錄 v
表 次 vii
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第三節 研究重要性與貢獻 5
第四節 研究範圍與限制 5
第五節 名詞釋義 6
第二章 文獻探討 9
第一節 大規模線上開放課程 9
第二節 課程與教學的轉變 12
第三節 關聯主義與教學型態 14
第四節 現象學的質性研究哲學假定 17
第三章 研究方法與設計 22
第一節 研究對象 22
第二節 資料收集方法 25
第三節 資料分析步驟 27
第四節 研究信效度 29
第五節 研究倫理 31
第四章 個人經驗的再體現 33
第一節 有關MOOC特性(M)的經驗描述 33
第二節 教師個人經驗(W)的描述 37
第三節 教師個人省思(P)的描述 42
第五章 探究經驗本質的意義 51
第一節 傳達平易近人的訊息 51
第二節 編導故事情境的教學影片 54
第三節 培養大格局比小知識重要 58
第四節 放下名利得失心 61
第五節 創新教學的熱情與執行力 64
第六節 統合經驗本質意義 65
第六章 結論與建議 67
參考文獻 71
一、中文部份 71
二、外文部份 71

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