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研究生:謝寶桂
研究生(外文):Hsieh, Pao-Kuei
論文名稱:正向情感、性別觀念與多元價值:台灣民眾的分析
論文名稱(外文):Positive Affect, Gender Equality and Multiple Perspectives: A Study of Taiwan Society
指導教授:蔡明璋蔡明璋引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tsai, Ming-Chang
口試委員:沈幼蓀戴翠莪
口試委員(外文):Sen, Yow-SuenTai, Tsui-O
口試日期:2016-01-05
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北大學
系所名稱:社會學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:社會學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:45
中文關鍵詞:正向情感性別平權多元價值
外文關鍵詞:positive affectgender equalitymultiple perspectives
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:772
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:130
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
近年來,報章雜誌或新聞媒體,不乏有許多關於個人快樂程度、國人年度幸福感指數或世界各國人民快樂程度比較的相關報導。眾多的報導與研究,經常將焦點放在影響個人快樂或幸福的因素為何。然而,根據近年來正向心理學家的研究顯示,經常擁有正向情感的人有其不同於負面情感的人之人格特質,而這些特質會對其心理與行為造成相當程度的影響。
本研究採用「台灣社會變遷基本調查2012第六期第三次:性別組」的訪問資料進行統計分析。使用STATA運算軟體進行結構方程模式(SEM)之分析,測量個人對於性別平權態度、配偶婚外性關係接受度、同性戀接受度與家庭組成型態多元化觀念…等經常具有爭議性的議題,是否會受個人之快樂特質影響,而有不同的相關結果。經常擁有正向情感的人們是否會以更多元與包容的態度,來看待不同於社會主流價值觀的爭議話題。藉此了解快樂人格特質與價值觀念及社會行為之間的相關因素。
分析結果得出結論:正向情感越高的人,越無法接受配偶婚外性關係的行為,而同性戀與家庭組成型態多元觀念與個人之正向情感之間無直接影響。而正向情感越高的人,其性別角色態度越趨平權,自我調節能力與社會適應能力越佳。最後,對於有哪些未來台灣社會議題與現象,可能會受到個人正向情感的影響,研究者對此提出可供後續研究者參考之建議。

Recently, a growing body of research indicates that people pursue happiness through different paths: pleasure, meaning, wealth, relationships and engagement. Compared with depressed people, happy people have special characteristics and benefits. These cognitive effects of positive affect are considered in the context of effects on social interaction that show that positive affect leads to helping, generosity, and interpersonal understanding.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between positive affect and social behavior. The data for this research was drawn from the Taiwan Social Change Survey conducted in the year of 2012. The results of the study indicated that happy people displayed less gender stereotype and had a tendency towards gender equality. Furthermore, extramarital affair was not accepted by happy people. However, the homosexual acceptability and the attitude towards the diversification of family structures seemed to be unrelated to happiness. Finally suggestions on the issues of the correlation between positive affect and social behaviors for further research are provided.

第一章 緒論 1
第二章 文獻探討 3
第一節 快樂的定義 3
第二節 快樂的人之心理與人格特質 6
第三節 快樂與社會價值觀 8
第四節 研究設計 12
第三章 研究方法 15
第一節 資料來源 15
第二節 研究假設 15
第三節 變項說明 17
第四節 分析方法 22
第四章 研究分析 23
第一節 樣本描述分析 23
第二節 統計結果與分析 26
第三節 小結 34
第五章 結論 35
第一節 研究發現 35
第二節 研究限制與建議 38
參考文獻 42

中文參考文獻
白珊華,2009,《正向生活事件對幸福感、快樂感、自尊感的影響》。宜蘭:佛光大學心理學系研究所碩士論文。
林冠儀、游琇雅,2013,〈探討父權結構下之社會建構: 以台灣新移民女性為例〉。 《家庭教育雙月刊》41: 65-79。
邱皓政,2011,〈當PLS遇上SEM:議題與對話〉。《αβγ量化研究學刊》3(1):20-53。
陳昭如,2014,〈父姓的常規, 母姓的權利: 子女姓氏修法改革的法社會學考察〉。 《國立臺灣大學法學論叢》43(2): 271-380。
章英華、杜素豪、廖培珊(2014)。台灣社會變遷基本調查計畫2012第六期第三次:性別(C00223_2)【原始數據】。取自中央研究院人文社會科學研究中心調查研究專題中心學術調查研究資料庫https://srda.sinica.edu.tw。doi:10.6141/TW-SRDA-C00223_2-1
張晉芬、李奕慧,2007,〈「女人的家事」、「男人的家事」:家事分工性別化的持續與解釋〉。《人文及社會科學集刊》19(2):203-229。

西文參考文獻
Anic, Petra, and Marko Tončić, 2013, "Orientations to happiness, subjective well-being and life goals." Psihologijske teme 22.1: 135-153.
Bodenhausen, Galen V., Geoffrey P. Kramer, and Karin Süsser, 1994, "Happiness and stereotypic thinking in social judgment." Journal of personality and social psychology 66.4: 621-632.
Boehm, Julia K., and Sonja Lyubomirsky, 2008, "Does happiness promote career success?." Journal of career assessment 16.1: 101-116.
Diener, Ed, and Martin E.P. Seligman, 2002, "Very happy people." Psychological science 13.1: 81-84.
Fredrickson, Barbara L., Roberta A. Mancuso, Christine Branigan, and Michele M. Tugade, 2000, "The undoing effect of positive emotions. "Motivation and emotion 24.4: 237-258.
Fredrickson, Barbara L., 2001, "The role of positive emotions in positive psychology: The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions." American psychologist56.3: 218-226.
Fredrickson, Barbara L., 2003, "The value of positive emotions: The emerging science of positive psychology is coming to understand why it’s good to feel good." American scientist 91.4: 330-335.
Guven, Cahit, 2011, "Are happier people better citizens?." Kyklos 64.2:178-192.
Huntsinger, Jeffrey R., Stacey Sinclair, Elizabeth Dunn, and Gerald L. Clore. "Affective regulation of stereotype activation: It’s the (accessible) thought that counts." Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 36.4: 564-577. 
Isen, Alice M., "Positive affect." P.521-539 in Handbook of cognition and emotion, edited by Tim Dalgleish and Mick J. Power. UK: Wiley & Sons.
Layous, Kristin and Sonja Lyubomirsky, 2012, "The how, why, what, when, and who of happiness: Mechanisms underlying the success of positive activity interventions." edited by J. Gruber & J. Moscowitz, The light and dark side of positive emotions. New York: Oxford University Press.
Lykken, David and Auke Tellegen, 1996, "Happiness is a stochastic phenomenon." Psychological science 7.3: 186-189.
Lyubomirsky, Sonja, 2001. "Why are some people happier than others? The role of cognitive and motivational processes in well-being." American psychologist 56.3: 239-249.
Lyubomirsky, Sonja, Laura King, and Ed Diener, 2005, "The benefits of frequent positive affect: does happiness lead to success?" Psychological bulletin 131.6: 803-855.
Lyubomirsky, Sonja, Kennon M. Sheldon, and David Schkade, 2005, "Pursuing happiness: the architecture of sustainable change." Review of general psychology 9.2: 111-158.
Martin, Mike W., 2007, "Happiness and virtue in positive psychology." Journal for the theory of social behaviour 37.1: 89-103.
Myers, David G., and Ed Diener, 1995, "Who is happy?" Psychological science 6.1: 10-19.
Seligman, Martin E.P., 2004, Authentic happiness: Using the new positive psychology to realize your potential for lasting fulfillment. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Seligman, Martin E.P., and Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, 2000, Positive psychology: An introduction. Vol. 55. No. 1, American Psychological Association.
Staw, Barry M., Robert I. Sutton, and Lisa H. Pelled, 1994, "Employee positive emotion and favorable outcomes at the workplace." Organization Science 5.1: 51-71.
Veehoven, Ruut, 1991, "Questions on happiness: Classical topics, modern answers blind spot." edited by F. Strack, M. Argyle, & N, Schwarz, Subjective wellbeing, an interdisciplinary perspective. London: Pergamon Press, 7-26.

網路資料
Stata structural equation modeling reference manual release 13, http://www.stata.com/manuals13/sem.pdf.

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