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研究生:廖振宏
研究生(外文):LIAO,CHEN-HUNG
論文名稱:新創企業、價值創造與所得分配:台灣電子零組件製造業之研究
論文名稱(外文):New Ventures, Value Creation and Income Distribution: An Empirical Study of Taiwan's Electronic Parts and Components Manufacturing Industry
指導教授:林灼榮林灼榮引用關係
指導教授(外文):LIN, JWU-RONG
口試委員:彭作奎謝俊魁林灼榮
口試委員(外文):PENG,TSO-KWEIHSIEH,CHUN-KUEILIN, JWU-RONG
口試日期:2016-04-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東海大學
系所名稱:國際經營與貿易學系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:貿易學類
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:70
中文關鍵詞:新創企業價值創造所得分配逐步迴歸法表面無相關迴歸估計法
外文關鍵詞:New VenturesValue CreationIncome DistributionStepwise RegressionISUR Regression
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近年來,在政府政策鼓勵以及募資管道多元且設立門檻不高的情況下,新創企業在台灣逐漸成熟發展,創新的商業模式也為產業注入一股活水。然而,受到全球景氣停滯與中國紅色供應鏈崛起之影響,台灣產業的附加價值受到嚴重的侵蝕,電子產業更是首當其衝;而當本國產業發展衰退時,更是連帶影響勞資所得分配不均之問題。本研究以民國100年台灣電子零組件製造業共4,167家工商普查廠商,利用逐步迴歸法與表面無相關迴歸估計法,推估新創企業、新創產品、無形資產、專業技術交易、營運數位化與國際化策略,對價值創造與所得分配之影響。實證結果顯示: (1)以設立5年內所界定之新創企業,其平均營運規模雖小於舊企業,但其價值創造(附加價值占總營收百分比)之平均值(42.37%),卻顯著高於舊企業(37.04%);顯示新舊企業呈現後浪推前浪(初生之犢不畏虎)之成長動能。(2)新創企業可顯著提升附加價值貢獻率,但不利於勞方所得分配;所幸新創企業可透過價值創造之中介效果,而改善勞方相對所得。(3)營運數位化可提升企業報酬與附加價值,但卻因此犧牲勞方所得,使所得分配不均問題更加地嚴重。(4)新創產品與專業技術交易對價值創造尚未彰顯效益,且大抵出現不利於勞方所得現象。(5)無形資產投資可顯著提升企業附加價值,且有利勞方所得與改善所得分配不均之情形。(6)國際化無法提升企業附加價值,且發現有利於企業報酬並惡化勞方所得。(7) 台灣電子零組件製造業其附加價值無法彰顯在企業營運上,這也印證了台灣的產業仍然是以附加價值低的代工為導向。 (8)整合本文實證結果,建議政府在推動新創企業時,除了要評估新創企業結合其他營運策略對價值創造所發揮之綜效外,同時須關注勞資所得分配之世代正義問題。
The study uses the stepwise regression and ISUR regression to estimate the impact of new ventures and operating strategies on value creation and income distribution. Empirical data includes 4,167 companies from Taiwan’s industrial census data report of 2011. Findings are as follows :(1) The operating scales of new ventures are smaller than those of enterprises that established longer than five years, but the mean of value creation of new ventures is relatively higher. (2) New ventures can significantly increase value added,. However, new ventures do not improve labor income distribution. (3) Operating digitalization increases an enterprise’s returns and value added, but it also causes income inequality. (4) New product and know-how transactions have not shown significant effects on valued added. Furthermore, they have negative effects on labor income distribution. (5) Intangible asset investment significantly increases value added, and improves income distribution. (6) Internationalization of enterprises is not beneficial to value added or labor income, but it is helpful to profit returns. (7) Value added of Taiwan's electronic parts and components manufacturing industry has not shown a significant relationship with operational performance. This situation reflects that Taiwan’s industry is still OEM oriented. (8) In sum, we suggest the government authority to consider evaluating value added for new ventures together with operating strategies, such as income distribution equality to improve social justice.
目錄
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 文獻回顧 2
第三節 本文章節架構 6
第二章 理論基礎與實證模型 7
第一節 電子零組件獨占性競爭理論基礎 7
第二節 實證模型與推估方法 17
第三章 實證結果解析 20
第一節 資料處理與變數衡量 20
第二節 新舊企業差異性檢定 23
第三節 台灣電子零組件製造業關鍵變數產業別與規模別差異性檢定 27
第四節 迴歸模型推估結果解析 29
第五節 模型配對與敏感度分析 38
第四章 結論、管理意涵與研究限制 42
第一節 結論 42
第二節 管理意涵 43
第三節 研究限制 44
參考文獻 45
一、中文文獻 45
二、英文文獻 46
附表:工商普查欄位對照表 50
附錄一: 近似無相關迴歸模型推導 54
附錄二: 配對前全部變數ISUR模型 56
附錄三: 配對後全部變數ISUR模型 59
附錄四: 配對後關鍵變數ISUR模型 62


參考文獻
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