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研究生:林群馨
研究生(外文):Lin,Chun-Hsin
論文名稱:探討鐵三項運動員二十四小時血壓和心肺適能
論文名稱(外文):Twenty-four-hour Blood Pressure and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Triathlon
指導教授:楊艾倫楊艾倫引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yang,Ai-Lun
口試日期:2016-07-13
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:臺北市立大學
系所名稱:運動科學研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:運動科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:61
中文關鍵詞:鐵人三項24小時血壓心跳變異率心肺適能
外文關鍵詞:Triathlon24-hour blood pressureheart rate variabilitycardiorespiratory fitness
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背景與目的:鐵人三項運動為一長時間之耐力運動,研究指出鐵人三項運動員有較佳的氧氣運輸和運用能力,且最大攝氧量也較一般人優異,但目前較少研究探討鐵人三項運動員之二十四小時血壓和心跳變異率等心血管相關議題,因此,本研究主要目的為探討並比較鐵人三項運動員和一般人之二十四小時血壓和心肺適能的差異。方法:本研究對象分為二組,分別是鐵人三項菁英選手12位和一般控制組11位,年齡為二十至二十五歲,皆為男性。每位受試者均需進行二十四小時血壓、身體組成、動脈血管功能、最大攝氧量,以及心跳變異率等檢測,最後經由統計分析進行二組比較。結果:經由二組統計分析後發現,鐵人三項運動員於身體組成方面,體脂肪百分比顯著低於控制組(p<0.05)。於心肺適能方面,鐵人三項運動員在休息狀態下心跳較控制組低(p<0.05),且有較佳的心跳變異率(p<0.05),但動脈硬化指數無顯著差異。此外,在運動狀態下,鐵人三項運動員的最大攝氧量和運動耗竭時間都顯著高於控制組(p<0.05)。於二十四小時血壓方面,二組之日間、夜間和二十四小時平均血壓皆無顯著差異。結論:鐵人三項運動員相較於一般控制組有部分較佳的心肺適能,但於二十四小時血壓方面無顯著差異,希望本研究結果能提供鐵人三項運動員和相關教育人員之健康管理和訓練參考。

關鍵字:鐵人三項、24小時血壓、心跳變異率、心肺適能

Background and purpose: Triathlon is a long-time endurance exercise, which needs highly developed oxygen transport and utilisation systems. Triathletes have better maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) than the non-athlete control group. Currently, few studies investigate the cardiovascular issues, such as 24-hour blood pressure and heart rate variability (HRV), in the triathletes. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore and compare the 24-hour blood pressure and cardiorespiratory fitness between triathlete and control (non-athletes) groups. Methods: We recruited male triathlete (n=11) and control (n=12) groups, aged from 20 to 25 years old. The 24-hour blood pressure, body composition, arterial function, VO2max, and HRV were measured in all participants. Then, the performances of these two groups were compared statistically. Results: We found that the triathletes had significantly lower body fat (p<0.05) than the control group. Regarding the cardiorespiratory fitness, the triathletes had significantly (p<0.05) lower resting heart rate and better HRV than the control group. However, no significant difference was found in arterial stiffness index (ASI) between two groups. During exercise, VO2max and time-to-exhausion were significanty (p<0.05) higher in the triathletes than the control group. Nevertheless, there were no signiificant differences in the average day-time, night-time, and 24-hour blood pressure. Conclusion: Triathlete group had better cardiorespiratory fitness than control group, while no significnat difference was found in 24-hour blood pressure between two groups. This study may provide some useful information regarding health management and training references for the triathletes and related educators.

Keywords: Triathlon, 24-hour blood pressure, heart rate variability, cardiorespiratory fitness

目錄
授權書 i
學位考試審定書 ii
摘要 iii
Abstract v
謝誌 vii
目錄 viii
表目錄 x
圖目錄 xi
第壹章 緒論 12
第一節 研究背景 12
第二節 研究目的 12
第三節 研究問題 13
第四節 研究假設 13
第貳章 文獻探討 14
第一節 鐵人三項運動 14
第二節 運動與血壓之關係 15
第三節 運動與心肺適能之關係 20
第四節 文獻總結 22
第參章 研究方法 22
第一節 研究對象 23
第二節 研究設計 23
第三節 研究器材與步驟 24
第四節 統計分析 31
第肆章 研究結果 32
第一節 受試者基本資料 32
第二節 最大運動時心跳率、攝氧量與呼吸參數 33
第三節 休息時心跳變異率參數 34
第四節 休息和最大運動時之血壓和動脈硬化指數 35
第五節 運動中心跳與血壓參數 36
第六節 二十四小時血壓參數 38
第伍章 研究討論與結論 40
參考文獻 46
表目錄
表一、受試者基本資料…………………………………………………53
表二、最大運動時心跳率、攝氧量與呼吸參數………………………54
表三、休息時心跳變異率參數…………………………………………55
表四、休息和最大運動時之血壓和動脈硬化指數……………………56
表五、運動中心跳率與血壓參數………………………………………57
表六、二十四小時血壓和心跳參數……………………………………58

圖目錄
圖一、二十四小時平均收縮壓(SBP)變化曲線圖……………………59
圖二、二十四小時平均舒張壓(DBP)變化曲線圖……………………60
圖三、二十四小時平均心跳(HR)變化曲線圖…………………………61


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