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研究生:韓文喬
研究生(外文):Han, Wen-Qiao
論文名稱:領導類型對組織承諾之影響:以領導效能爲中介變項、權力距離爲調節變項
論文名稱(外文):The Influence of Leadership Behaviors on Organizational Commitment-Investigating the Mediating Role of Leadership Effectiveness and the Moderating Role of Power Distance
指導教授:高國揚
口試日期:2017-06-22
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:管理科學系所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:59
中文關鍵詞:轉換型領導被動迴避型領導領導效能權力距離組織承諾
外文關鍵詞:Transformational LeadershipPassive-Avoidant leadershipLeadership EffectivenessPower DistanceOrganizational Commitment
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本研究旨在探討領導類型對組織承諾之影響,並以領導效能作爲中介變項,權力距離作爲調節變項。領導行爲包括:轉換型領導與被動迴避型領導。
主要研究目的包含兩項,一爲探討轉換型領導與被動迴避型領導對組織承諾的影響及領導效能的中介過程,假設轉換型領導會對組織承諾有正向影響,被動迴迴避性領導會對組織承諾有負向影響;二爲探討權力距離在轉換型領導與被動迴避型領導對組織承諾的影響中的調節效果,觀察在部屬權力距離不同的情況下,轉換型領導與被動迴避型領導對組織承諾的作用效果有何變化。
研究樣本爲在當前部門服務一年以上的部屬及其主管,以紙本方式收集問卷。本研究結果顯示:1、轉換型領導對組織承諾的正向影響;2、被動迴避型領導對組織承諾亦有正向影響了;3、領導效能能完全中介轉換型領導對組織承諾的正向影響;4、領導效能能完全中介被動迴避型領導對組織承諾的正向影響;5、權力距離低的部屬,轉換型領導對組織承諾的正向影響會被增強。
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationships between leadership behaviors and organizational commitment and the mediating role of leadership effectiveness as well as the moderating role of power distance on these relationships. Specifically, the current study included two types of leadership behaviors: (a) transformational leadership and (b) passive-avoidant leadership. There are two purposes of the current study: first, this study examined the influences of transformational leadership and passive-avoidant on organizational commitment and the mediating effect of leadership effectiveness. Second, the current study tested the moderating effect of power distance on the relationship between leadership behavior and organizational commitment. The participants included two sources: (a) subordinates who has served more than one year in the current department and (b) their supervisor. The results showed that: first, transformational leadership is positively related to organizational commitment. Second, passive-avoidant leadership is positively related to organizational commitment. Third, leadership effectiveness fully mediated the relationship between transformational leadership and organizational commitment. Fourth, leadership effectiveness fully mediated the relationship between passive-avoidant leadership and organizational commitment. Lastly, the influence of transformational leadership on organizational commitment became more positive when distance power was low compared to when distance power was high.
目錄
中文
中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
致謝 iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 v
圖目錄 vi
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第二章 文獻探討 6
第一節 轉換型領導之意涵 6
第二節 被動迴避型領導之意涵 13
第三節 權力距離之意涵 14
第四節 領導效能之意涵 16
第五節 組織承諾之意涵 18
第六節 研究假設 21
第三章 研究方法 28
第一節 研究樣本與施測程序 28
第二節 研究工具與測量方法 29
第三節 資料分析 34
第四章 研究結果 36
第一節 描述性統計分析 36
第二節 相關分析 36
第三節 假設檢驗 39
第五章 結論與建議 43
第一節 結果總結 43
第二節 管理意涵 45
第三節 研究限制與未來發展 46
參考文獻 47
英文部分 47
中文部分 57
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Avolio, B. J., Zhu, W., Koh, W., & Bhatia, P. (2004). Transformational leadership and organizational commitment: Mediating role of psychological empowerment and moderating role of structural distance. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25, 951-968
Bass, B. M. (2008). Bass and Stogdill’s handbook of leadership: Theory, research and managerial applications (Vol. 4). New York, NY: Free Press.
Bass, B. M.(1985)Leadership and Performance Beyond Expectations, New York:Free Press
Bass, B. M., & Avolio, B. J. (1990). Transformational leadership development: Manual for the multifactor leadership questionnaire. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.
Dorfman, P. W., & Howell, J. P. (1988). Dimensions of national culture and effective leadership in patterns. Advances in International Comparative Management, 3, 127-150.Hofstede, G. (1980). motivation, leadership, and organization - do american theories apply abroad organizational dynamics, 9,1,page: 42-63
Hofstede, G. J. (1993). Cultural constraints in management theories. In J. T. Wren (Ed.), The leader’s companion, pp. 253–270. New York: Free Press.
House, R. J. (1971). A path-goal theory of leader effectiveness. Administrative
Science Quarterly, 16, 321-339.
House, R. J., & Aditya, R. N. (1997). The social scientific study of leadership: Quo Vadis? Journal of Management, 23, 409-473.
House, R. J., Spangler, W. D., & Woyke, J. (1991). Personality and charisma in the U.S. presidency: A psychological theory of leader effectiveness. Administrative Science Quarterly, 36, 364-396.
Porter L. W, Steers R. M, Mowday R. T, Boulian PV(1974). Organizational Commitment, Job Satisfaction, And Turnover Among Psychiatric Technicians. Journal of Applied Psychology, 59, 603-609.
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