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研究生:楊嘉玲
研究生(外文):YANG, CHIA-LING
論文名稱:治療犬介入對護理之家老年住民幸福感、孤寂感成效的探討
論文名稱(外文):The Effects of A Therapeutic Dog Interventions on Happiness and Loneliness among Elderly Residents in Nursing Home
指導教授(外文):TSAO, LEE-ING
口試委員:石惠美林惠如葉明理劉介宇穆佩芬
口試委員(外文):SHIH,WHEI-MEILIN, HUNG-RUYEH,MING-LEELIU,CHIEH-YUMU,PEI-FAN
口試日期:2016-12-26
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺北護理健康大學
系所名稱:護理研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:護理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:115
中文關鍵詞:老年住民幸福感孤寂感動物輔助療法治療犬
外文關鍵詞:elderlyhappinesslonelinessAnimal -Assisted Therapytherapeutic dogs
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:11
  • 點閱點閱:1780
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  • 下載下載:405
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
背景:入住長期照護機構的老年住民,由於居住環境改變或是機構制式化的生活作息,在入住長期照護機構後容易適應不良增加孤寂感,降低幸福感,而動物輔助療法對於老年人身心健康成效漸受重視。研究目的及方法:本研究採二部分進行:第一部分以紮根理論建立養寵物老年人生活經驗之描述性理論;另以持續性比較分析探討參與過治療犬介入活動的工作人員主觀經驗。將此兩面向訪談結果融入治療犬介入活動模式進行調整。第二部分則是以經調整過的治療犬介入活動進行介入研究。此部分又分成一、採單一組前、後測類實驗追蹤研究設計,測量治療犬介入活動前與一、二、三個月後(即M0, M1, M2, M3),老年住民的幸福感與孤寂感之縱貫性成效。二是以質性訪談探討接受治療犬介入活動三個月後,老年住民的主觀經驗感受。
研究結果:第一部分深度訪談深度訪談12位年齡在65-73歲親自飼養寵物的老年人的生活經驗。“與人不同的摯愛親人”為核心範疇貫穿老年養整個生活經驗;“寵物到我家,成為我的家庭成員”是老年人養寵物的先驅類屬。養寵物過程中之老人經歷以下生活經驗:“照顧寵物是我生活作息的一部份” “寵物帶給我正向生活能量”、“寵物是我的甜蜜伴侶”,老人認為養寵物是一種行善能夠帶來福報。此部份深度訪談15位年齡在21-54歲參與過治療犬活動的工作人員,認為成功治療犬介入活動模式之要素有:“感受老人活在當下的快樂”、“進行治療犬介入活動前的考量”、“老人喜不喜歡狗是關鍵”、“治療犬可以輪流組別與老人互動”、“延長活動時間”,以及”動物輔助團隊成員要熟悉彼此”。第二階段在比較治療犬介入活動前及後進行老年住民幸福感與孤寂感之縱貫變化。幸福感方面:M1 比 M0 分數增加且達統計意義(-1.056,p < 0.030);M2 與 M3,老年住民幸福感分數也是逐漸上升也達統計意義(-12.167, p < 0.05;-19.222, p < 0.05)。孤寂感 M0 與 M1 沒有差異,但 M2 達統計意義(2.289, p < 0.005);M3 的成效雖也比 M0、M1 來的有成效只是卻發現老年住民的孤寂感比 M2有微幅上升(1.976, p < 0.002)。至於訪談接受過治療犬介入活動三個月後老年住民的主觀經驗則有:“開心的期待”、“延長與狗單獨相處的時間”、“喚起過去美好的經驗”、“一點也不擔心狗進來機構會有什麼問題”、“幫助我做復健”,以及”擔心沒有下一次的活動”。
討論與建議:親自飼養寵物的老年人認為養寵物就如增加一位摯愛的家人,需要自己悉心付出愛護,可以自我肯定及行善能夠帶來福報,此結果有助於了解養寵物老年人與寵物的關係與相處意義。經由老年人養寵物的經驗與工作人員參與治療犬介入活動的經驗,調整長照機構治療犬介入活動的模式,並驗證確實能給予老人增進幸福感及降低孤寂感。未來研究建議:1.增加研究場所與研究樣本數;2.增加對照組與實驗組進行比較。

Background: The elder will need to stay in long term care facilities for a better care due to the dysfunction of physiological and psychological. But the changes in living environment or the systematic daily lifestyle in the long term care facilities usually result in the elder are not easy to adopt and also increase loneliness, decrease happiness. The animal-assisted therapy (AAT) is introduced to improve such situations by animal- especial therapeutic dogs company the elder to improve their life quality.
Purpose and Methods: The research contain in two parts: The first part is used ground theory to describe establish the life experience of the elderly with their pet. And to construct the model of therapeutic dog interventions model. The second part is used the single group of repeat measurement quai-experimental design. We measured the longitudinal effect of happiness and loneliness of elderly residents before and after one, two and three months (ie M0, M1, M2, M3).
Results: Twelve participants aged 65-73 were interviewed and the data was analyzed using constant comparative analysis. “Pets as an integral part of the family unit and beyond” was the core category. “The pet becomes parts of my family” was identified as the antecedent condition, and the process would be action and interaction among the categories of “the pet is part of my daily life”, “the pet provides positive life energy”, “the pet is a sweet companion”. Lastly, participants reported that they believe keeping pets can bring them self-affirmation and lead to blessings and lucks. In the same part, was on-depth interviews 15 workers aged 21-54 years who participated in therapeutic dog intervention, that the successful intervention model of elements are as follows: "live in the present happy", "the manager decision to accept or not ","before intervention need to assess elderly residents like dog or not "," dogs can take turns to interact with the elderly"," extend the intervention time ", and" term members need to familiar with each other ". The second part is to compare the intervention before and after the elderly residents of happiness and longitudinal changes. M1 increased more than the M0 score and significance (-1.056, p <0.030).M2 and M3, the score of happiness scores of elderly residents also increased gradually and significance (-12.167, p <0.05; -19.222, p <0.05). Loneliness of M0 and M1 is no difference, but M2 has significant (2.289, p <0.005); M3 found that the loneliness was slightly higher than M2 (1.976, p < 0.002)。After three months of dogs intervention, the subjective experiences of the elderly residents are: happiness expectations, extend the time for dog accompany alone, recall the past good memory, not worry the dog are coming into the facility, help me to do rehabilitation, and worried that there is no next activity.
Discussion and Suggests: The results provide a framework to understand the experiences of older adults who have pets. Through the elderly and worker’s experiences can help establish the model of therapeutic dog intervention, and verify the elderly happiness. This information will guide the design of animal assisted therapy in future research and practice.Future research suggests: 1. Increase the number of research setting and sample size; 2. Increase the control group compared with the experimental group.

中文摘要
英文摘要
目次
表次
圖次
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究背景與動機 ………………………………………………………1
第二節 研究的重要性 ………………………………………………………4
第三節 研究目的 ………………………………………………………………8
第四節 研究問題………………………………………………………………..8
第五節 研究假設 ………………………………………………………………9
第六節 名詞界定 ………………………………………………………………9
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 老年人之幸福感相關研究….………………………………………….11
第二節 老年人之孤寂感相關研究…………….……………………………….14
第三節 動物輔助療法的知識演進與模式……………………………………..17
第四節 治療犬介入活動與老人照護相關研究.……………………………….21
第五節 研究架構………………………………………………………………..29
第三章 研究方法
第一節 研究設計 ………………………………………………………………31
第二節 研究對象與取樣方法…..………………………………………………31
第三節 研究工具………………………………………………………………..33
第四節 研究步骤………………………………………………………………..35
第五節 研究資料分析…………………………………………………………..44
第四章 研究結果
第一節 養寵物老年人的生活經驗……………………………………………..46
第二節 參與治療犬介入活動工作人員的主觀經驗…………………………..50
第三節 治療犬活動介入後,老年住民之幸福感與孤寂感追蹤成效………..56
第四節 治療犬活動介入三個月後,老年住民之主觀經驗…………………..62
第五章 討論
第一節 養寵物老年人的生活經驗……………………………………………..67
第二節 參與治療犬介入活動工作人員的主觀經驗…………………………..70
第三節 治療犬活動介入後,老年住民之幸福感與孤寂感追蹤成效………..75
第四節 治療犬活動介入三個月後,老年住民之主觀經驗…………………..78
第六章 結論、研究限制與建議………………………………………………….80
第一節 研究結論………………………………………………………………..80
第二節 研究限制………………………………………………………………..82
第三節 研究建議………………………………………………………………..83
參考文獻
中文部分………………………………………………………………………....84
英文部分…………………………………………………………………..….….88
附錄
附錄一 老年人幸福感量表原著作者同意使用函……………………………..96
附錄二 老年人孤寂感量表原著作者同意使用函……………………………..97
附錄三 老年人幸福感量表核准版……………………………………………..98
附錄四 老年人孤寂感量表核准版……………………………………………100
附錄五 馬偕紀念醫院人體研究倫理審查證明書……………………………101
附錄六 馬偕紀念醫院人體研究倫理審查通知書……………………………102
附錄七 接受刊登文章網路版…………………………………………………104

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