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研究生:陳柏宇
研究生(外文):Bo-Yu Chen
論文名稱:利用鐵鹽與過氧化氫在混合溶劑中降解玉米桿之應用
指導教授:李光華李光華引用關係徐新光
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:化學學系
學門:自然科學學門
學類:化學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:106
語文別:中文
論文頁數:121
中文關鍵詞:鐵鹽過氧化氫玉米桿
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一種類芬頓預處理試劑,利用低濃度氯化鐵和過氧化氫在混合溶劑下,對玉米桿進行預處理。預處理後溶液中可得到可溶性單醣與低聚物可溶性糖類,預處理的芬頓試劑以及有機溶劑對環境影響較小,預處理條件是在溫和的條件下進行。另外試劑中的金屬鹽可以用四氧化三鐵代替氯化鐵,四氧化三鐵具有磁性可以利用強力磁鐵回收預處理後的四氧化三鐵,減少金屬鹽類含量。
A Fenton-like pretreatment reagent be developed that pretreated the cornstalk with a low concentration of FeCl3 and H2O2 in a mixed solvent system. Soluble monosaccharides and oligomer were obtained in the solution after pretreatment, and the pretreated reagent and organic solvent have low effect to the environment. In addition, the metal salt (FeCl3) in reagent can be replaced by Fe3O4. Fe3O4 has magnetic properties. The pretreated Fe3O4 can be recovered by a powerful magnet to reduce the metal salt content.
摘要 I
謝誌 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VII
表目錄 VIII
附錄 IX
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 前言 1
1-2 木質纖維素 3
1-2-1木質纖維素組成與作用 3
1-2-2 纖維素結構 4
1-2-4半纖維素結構 6
1-2-5 木質素結構 6
1-3 木質纖維素預處理 7
1-3-1 物理預處理 9
1-3-2化學預處理 9
1-3-3纖維素水解酶水解 13
1-4 木質纖維素來源的選擇 14
1-5 研究方向 18
第二章 實驗 19
2-1實驗藥品 19
2-1-1溶劑 19
2-1-2藥品 19
2-1-3實驗氣體 20
2-2 實驗儀器 20
2-2-1手套箱 (Glove box) 20
2-2-2 高效液相色譜儀(HPLC) 20
2-2-3 UV-Visible Spectrophotometer 20
2-2-3 Thermogravimetric Analyzer 21
2-3 實驗步驟 22
2-3-1玉米桿材料準備 22
2-3-2 玉米桿組成分析 22
2-3-3 類芬頓預處理試劑製備 22
2-3-4 預處理總流程 22
2-3-5 利用金屬鹽進行預處理 23
2-3-6利用H2O2進行預處理 23
2-3-6利用不同比例混合溶劑進行預處理 24
2-3-7利用Fe3O4進行預處理 24
2-3-8 利用纖維素酶水解溶液中碳水化合物 25
第三章 結果與討論 26
3-1 預處理流程與成果 26
3-2 探討金屬鹽和過氧化氫在預處理中的作用 27
3-3 探討混合溶劑的影響 28
3-4 探討過氧化氫含量對效率的影響 30
3-5 探討溫度和時間對預處理的影響 31
3-6 探討水解酶水解預處理溶液中的低聚糖 32
3-7 以四氧化三鐵做為鐵鹽進行芬頓預處理 33
第四章 結論 35
參考資料 36
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