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研究生:許時悠
研究生(外文):Shih-Yu Hsu
論文名稱(外文):Indoor Positioning Technique Based on RFID
指導教授:林嘉慶林嘉慶引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jia-Chin Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:通訊工程學系在職專班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:63
中文關鍵詞:RFID室內定位技術接收訊號強度指示物聯網
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摘 要
隨著無線網路與行動裝置快速的發展,人對於網路與行動裝置的需求也越來越高,近年來物聯網(Internet of Things, IoT)與大數據的話題非常的熱絡,應用也蓬勃發展,萬物相連的IoT搭配大數據的即時分析、快速應用,相關的研究越來越多,如何將室內定位更穩定、安全性及節能的室內生活環境也是一項熱門的研究議題。
目前室內定位的無線技術主要有 Wi-Fi 、無線射頻辨識(radio frequency identification, RFID)、ZigBee 及低功耗藍牙(Bluetooth low energy ,BLE)等。本論文提出基於RFID之室內定位技術研究,RFID是近十年來最受矚目的科技,雖然其它室內定位的無線技術也有其優點,但相較於這些技術,無線射頻辨識系統(Radio Frequency Identification,RFID)在成本、準確度及氣候(溫、溼度)上具有較佳之特性,使得 RFID 更適合使用於室內定位。

關鍵字:RFID、室內定位技術、接收訊號強度指示(RSSI)、物聯網(IOT)。
Abstract
With the rapid development of wireless networks and mobile devices, the demand of the Internet and mobile devices are increasing. In recent years, the Internet of Things (IoT) and big data topics are very hot, and applications are also Flourishing, IoT with objects connected with real-time analysis and rapid application of big data, more and more related research, how to make indoor positioning more stable, safe and energy-saving indoor living environment is also a hot research topic.

At present, wireless technologies for indoor positioning mainly include Wi-Fi, radio frequency identification (RFID), ZigBee, and Bluetooth low energy (BLE). This paper proposes RFID research based on indoor positioning. RFID is the most eye-catching technology in the past decade. Although other indoor positioning wireless technologies have their advantages, compared to these technologies, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) It has better characteristics in terms of cost, accuracy and climate (temperature and humidity), making RFID more suitable for indoor positioning.
目錄
摘要………………………………………………………………………………..ii
Abstract………………………………………………………………………iii
誌謝………………………………………………………………………………..iv
一、緒論
1.1研究背景………………………………………………………………….1
1.2研究動機與目的……………………………………………………2
1.3論文架構………………………………………………………………….2
二、文獻探討
2.1RFID簡介與原理………………………………………………………3
2.2 RFID 頻率特性與系統類型 …………………………9
2.3 RFID應用 ………………………………………………………………10
三、室內定位法
3.1 無線電波………………………………………………………………….11
3.2無線電波傳遞特性……………………………………………………….11
3.3 無線網路於室內環境的問題…………………………………13
3.3.1傳播過程的特性
3.3.2路徑損耗
3.3.3遮蔽效應
3.3.4自適性濾波器(Adaptive Filter)
3.3.5卡爾曼濾波器(Kalman Filter)
3.4 常見之室內定位法……………………………………………………....20
3.4.1訊號抵達角度(AOA)
3.4.2訊號抵達時間(TOA)
3.4.3訊號抵達時間差(TDOA)
3.4.4接收訊號強度指示(RSSI)
3.4.5基於近接感應定位法

四、室內定位之探討
4.1 室內定位技術探討………………………………………………………34
4.2 RFID室內定位…………………………………………………………..36
4.3其它室內定位概述………………………………………………………..38
4.3.1 紅外線(Infrared)
4.3.2 無線網路(Wi-Fi)
4.3.3 藍芽(BlueTooth)
4.3.4 ZigBee
4.3.5 超寬頻
4.3.6 RFID
4.37常用室內定位綜整比較表
五、結論與建議……………………………………………………………47
參考書籍、文獻…………………………………………………………………49
參考書籍、文獻
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[41]維基百科-自適性濾波器
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[43]維基百科-WiFi規格
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[44]維基百科-藍芽規格
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