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研究生:張倩穎
研究生(外文):Chang, Chien-Ying
論文名稱:國小肥胖學童動作表現與生活品質之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Motor Performance and Quality of Life in Elementary Children with Obesity
指導教授:楊艾倫楊艾倫引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yang, Ai-Lun
口試日期:2019-05-31
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:臺北市立大學
系所名稱:運動科學研究所碩士在職專班
學門:民生學門
學類:運動科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:76
中文關鍵詞:國小肥胖學童動作表現生活品質
外文關鍵詞:elementary children with obesitymotor performancequality of life
相關次數:
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  • 下載下載:7
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
背景和目的: 目前肥胖已被認為是「一種疾病」,兒童期的過重或肥胖可能於成人後仍有持續情形,隨著肥胖所衍生出的慢性疾病、心理和社會等問題,日趨受到世界各國的重視。目前針對兒童肥胖問題的相關研究甚多,然而對於肥胖學童的動作表現與生活品質二者的相關探討則較為欠缺。因此,本研究目的主要探討國小階段肥胖與非肥胖學童之動作表現與生活品質是否有差異和其相關情形,希望未來此研究結果能提供相關單位作為參考。方法: 本研究之研究對象為國小四、五年級學童,以BMI區分為肥胖組27人,非肥胖組20人,合計47人參與本研究。每位學童須接受BOT2動作表現評估,並以兒童版KINDLR生活品質問卷進行檢測,以獨立樣本t檢定比較二組間的差異性,最後以皮爾森相關係數做相關性分析。結果: 一、動作表現評估結果顯示,以標準分數來看,肥胖組學童於身體協調性及總分都顯著低於非肥胖組。二、生活品質學童自評方面,肥胖組對自己的體力評估及朋友層面的分數顯著低於非肥胖組。而家長代評方面,肥胖組家長評估「我的孩子喜歡自己」的子項目分數顯著高於非肥胖組。三、皮爾森相關係數顯示,學童自評生活品質之身體狀況和心理情緒、與動作表現標準分數之力量與敏捷度有顯著正相關;而家長代評生活品質之身體狀況和學校狀況、與動作表現標準分數之精細手部協調有顯著正相關。結論: 國小肥胖與非肥胖學童之動作表現與生活品質存在部分顯著差異,二者間也有部分相關性,希望提供相關單位作為參考。
Background and purpose: Obesity is currently considered as a disease, and more attentions are paid to its related physical, social, and mental issues world wildly. Among the studies of obesity, the issue re-garding the relationship between motor performance and quality of life remained unconcluded. This study aimed to explore the motor perfor-mance and quality of life in children with obesity, and the correlation between motor performance and quality of life. It could provide some references for relevant agencies. Methods: Forty-seven subjects were re-cruited from the fourth- and fifth-grade elementary school children. They were divided into the obese (27 subjects) and non-obese (20 subjects) groups according to their body mass index (BMI). Each subject was evaluated of motor performance and quality of life by the Bru-ininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, Second Edition (BOT-2) and Children’s KINDLR quality of life questionnaire, respectively. The data were analyzed statistically by Independent Sample t-test and compared between the two groups. Also, the correlation of all variables was ex-amined by the Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: 1) In terms of BOT-2 standard scores of motor performance, the body coordination and total scores in the obese group was significantly worse than that in the non-obese group. 2) Regarding the scores in quality of life of the self-evaluation forms, the obese group was noticeably worse in the items of physical well-being and friends. However, on the parent-evaluation forms, the obese group scored better in the item “felt pleased with myself”. 3) According to the Pearson correlation analysis, physical well-being and emotional well-being in quality of life of the self-evaluation forms were positively correlated with the strength and agility in standard scores of motor performance. On the parent-evaluation forms, the physical well-being and school were positively related to the manual coordination. Conclusion: Significant differences existed in some parameters of motor performance and quality of life between obese and non-obese children. Also, some correlations were found between motor performance and quality of life. Our findings could provide some references for relevant agencies.
原創聲明書 ii
學位考試審定書 iii
中文摘要 iv
英文摘要 vi
謝誌 viii
目錄 ix
表目錄 xii
圖目錄 xiii

第壹章 緒論 01
第一節 研究背景與動機 02
第二節 研究目的 03
第三節 研究問題 04
第四節 名詞解釋 04
第五節 研究範圍與限制 06
第六節 研究的重要性 07
第貳章 文獻探討 08
第一節 過重及肥胖兒童問題相關研究 08
第二節 兒童動作表現相關研究 13
第三節 兒童生活品質相關研究 18
第四節 過重及肥胖兒童動作表現及生活品質相關研究 27
第五節 文獻總結 28
第參章 研究方法 30
第一節 研究架構 30
第二節 研究對象 31
第三節 研究工具與方法 32
第四節 資料處理與統計 37
第肆章 研究結果 38
第一節 受試學童基本資料 38
第二節 動作表現之差異情形 39
第三節 生活品質之差異情形 41
第四節 動作表現與生活品質相關分析 46
第伍章 研究討論 49
第一節 動作表現的差異 49
第二節 生活品質的差異 51
第三節 動作表現與生活品質的相關性 55
第陸章 結論與建議 60
第一節 研究結論 60
第二節 研究建議 61
第三節 未來研究方向 62
參考文獻 63
中文部分 64
外文部分 64
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