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研究生:蘇裕勝
研究生(外文):Su, Yu-Sheng
論文名稱:基於圖形卷積神經網路之異質性圖譜表示法學習
論文名稱(外文):Heterogeneous Graph Embedding Based on Graph Convolutional Neural Networks
指導教授:蔡銘峰蔡銘峰引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tsai, Ming-Feng
口試委員:王釧茹蘇家玉
口試委員(外文):Wang, Chuan-JuSu, Chia-Yu
口試日期:2019-09-02
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:資訊科學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:33
中文關鍵詞:表示法學習圖形卷積神經網推薦連結預測
外文關鍵詞:Network EmbeddingGNNLink predictionRecommendation
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近年來由於龐大的資料量,如何保存這些資料以及如何將這些資料
做分析、知識庫管理、推薦等變成非常有挑戰的工作。網路學習表示
法(Information Network Embedding),能有效將不同節點和關係投射
到低維度空間,因而成了非常熱門的領域,近年來GNN(Graph Neural
Network) 的概念也被加入到網路學習表示法領域,應用在分類、
推薦等工作。本論文提出一個異質網路表示學習法(Heterogeneous Information
Network Embedding)的架構:先透過學習表示法產生節點的
表示法當作特徵值,並透過建立同質網路圖以及GraphSAGE 的訓練,
將我們所需要的節點都投射到同一個空間中,來做連結預測,以及推
薦。在連結預測中,我們基於我們的建圖方法,可以做到把多種節點
特徵值嵌在一起,並做訓練,能夠有效的提升連結預測的F1-score 成
績。在推薦工作中基於我們的建圖方式可以考慮到更多High order 資
訊,進而提升推薦系統在MAP、Recall、Hit ratio的成績。
In recent years, information network embedding has become popular because the techniques enable to encode information into low-dimensions representation, even for a graph/network with multiple types of nodes and relations. In addition, graph neural network (GNN) has also shown its effectiveness in learning large-scale node representations on node classification. In this paper, therefore, we propose a framework based on the heterogeneous network embedding and the idea of graph neural network. In our framework, we first generate node representations by various network embedding methods. Then, we split a homogeneous network graph into subgraphs and concatenate the learned node representations into the same embedding space. After that, we apply one of variant GNN, called GraphSAGE, to generate representations for the tasks of link prediction and recommendation. In our experiments, the results on the tasks of link prediction and recommendation both show the effectiveness of the proposed framework.
致謝
中文摘要
Abstract
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前 言 1
1.2 研究目的 2
第二章 相關文獻探討 4
2.1 網路表示法學習 4
2.1.1 基於神經網路的方法 4
2.1.2 基於矩陣分解的方法 5
2.1.3 基於圖神經網路的方法 5
2.1.4 基於圖關注的方法(Graph Attention) 6
2.2 異質性資訊網路 6
2.3 推薦系統 6
2.3.1 基於內容的推薦 7
2.3.2 基於協同過濾的推薦 7
2.3.3 混合式推薦 9
第三章 研究方法 10
3.1 異質中心網路之定義 10
3.2 中心節點表示式 10
3.2.1 獨熱編碼(One-Hot Encoding) 11
3.2.2 深度隨機游走表示法學習(DeepWalk) 11
3.2.3 大規模資訊網路表示法學習(LINE:Large-scale Information Network Embedding) 11
3.2.4 異質網路偏好表示法學習(HPE:Heterogeneous Preference Embedding) 12
3.3 建圖方式 13
3.3.1 連結預測之建圖 13
3.3.2 推薦任務之建圖 14
3.4 模型訓練 16
3.5 目標與損失函數 18
第四章 實驗結果與討論 19
4.1 資料集 19
4.2 實驗設定 20
4.3 評估標準 23
4.4 實驗結果 24
4.4.1 連結預測模型 F1-score 表現 24
4.4.2 推薦模型準確率、召回率、命中率表現 25
第五章 結論 31
5.1 結 論 31
第六章 參考文獻 32
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accepted as poster.
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